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Bacterial Vaginosis

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Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the
name of a condition in women where the normal balance of bacteria in
the vagina is disrupted and replaced by an overgrowth of certain
bacteria.  It is sometimes accompanied by discharge, odor, pain,
itching, or burning.

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Bacterial Vaginosis

  1. 1. http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=230Fitango EducationHealth TopicsBacterial Vaginosis
  2. 2. 1OverviewBacterial vaginosis (BV) is thename of a condition in women where the normalbalance of bacteria in
  3. 3. 2Overviewthe vagina is disrupted and replaced by anovergrowth of certainbacteria. It is sometimes accompanied bydischarge, odor, pain,itching, or burning.
  4. 4. 3SymptomsWomen with BV may have an abnormal vaginaldischarge with an unpleasant odor. Some womenreport a strong fish-like odor, especially afterintercourse. Discharge, if present, is usually whiteor gray; it can be thin. Women with BV may alsohave burning during urination or itching aroundthe outside of the vagina, or both. However, mostwomen with BV report no signs or symptoms at all.
  5. 5. 4DiagnosisA health care provider must examine the vagina forsigns ofBV and perform laboratory tests on a sample ofvaginal fluid to look forbacteria associated with BV.
  6. 6. 5TreatmentAlthough BV will sometimes clear up withouttreatment, all women with symptoms of BV shouldbe treated to avoid complications. Male partnersgenerally do not need to be treated. However, BVmay spread between female sex partners.
  7. 7. 6TreatmentTreatment is especially important for pregnantwomen. All pregnant women who have ever had apremature delivery or low birth weight babyshould be considered for a BV examination,regardless of symptoms, and should be treated ifthey have BV. All pregnant women who havesymptoms of BV should be checked and treated.
  8. 8. 7TreatmentSome physicians recommend that all womenundergoing a hysterectomy or abortion be treatedfor BV prior to the procedure, regardless ofsymptoms, to reduce their risk of developing aninfection.
  9. 9. 8TreatmentBV is treatable with antibiotics prescribed by ahealth care provider. Two different antibiotics arerecommended as treatment for BV: metronidazoleor clindamycin. Either can be used with non-pregnant or pregnant women, but therecommended dosages differ. Women with BVwho are HIV-positive should receive the sametreatment as those who are HIV-negative.BV can recur after treatment.
  10. 10. 9TreatmentCDC
  11. 11. 10CausesThe cause of BV is not fully understood. BV isassociated with an imbalance in the bacteria thatare normally found in a womans vagina. Thevagina normally contains mostly "good"bacteria, and fewer "harmful" bacteria. BVdevelops when there is an increase in harmfulbacteria.
  12. 12. 11RisksIn most cases, BV causes no complications. Butthere aresome serious risks from BV including:-- Having BV can increase a womans susceptibilitytoHIV infection if she is exposed to the HIV virus.
  13. 13. 12Risks-- Having BV increases the chances that an HIV-infected womancan pass HIV to her sex partner.-- Having BV has been associated with an increasein thedevelopment of an infection following surgicalprocedures such as a
  14. 14. 13Riskshysterectomy or an abortion.-- Having BV while pregnant may put a woman atincreased risk for some complications ofpregnancy, such as preterm delivery.-- BV can increase a womans susceptibility toother STDs, such
  15. 15. 14Risksas herpes simplex virus (HSV),chlamydia,and gonorrhea.CDC
  16. 16. 15PreventionBV is not completely understood by scientists, andthe bestways to prevent it are unknown. However, it isknown that BV is associated withhaving a new sex partner or having multiple sexpartners.
  17. 17. 16PreventionThe following basic prevention steps can helpreduce therisk of upsetting the natural balance of bacteria inthe vagina and developingBV:-- Be abstinent.-- Limit the number of sex partners.
  18. 18. 17Prevention-- Do not douche.Use all of the medicine prescribed for treatment ofBV, evenif the signs and symptoms go away.CDC
  19. 19. 18Additional ResourcesMedline Plus