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Solid waste management

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Solid waste management

  1. 1. Solid Waste Management
  2. 2. What are Solid Wastes? -Any discarded (abandoned or considered waste-like) materials. -Can be solid, liquid, semi-solid, or containerized gaseous material ex: tires, scrap metals, furniture and toys, discarded appliances and vehicles construction and demolition debris
  3. 3. Kinds of Solid Wastes  Domestic Wastes ◦ wastes generated by household activities  Commercial Wastes ◦ Wastes that are generated by commercial establishments  Institutional Wastes ◦ Wastes generated from institutions  Municipal Wastes ◦ Wastes generated due to municipal activities  Construction and Demolition Wastes ◦ Wastes generated from construction sites  Industrial Wastes ◦ Discarded solid materials of industrial operations
  4. 4. What is Solid Waste Management?  Refers to garbage or trash management.  A System for handling all of the world’s trash be it municipal waste collection, recycling programs, dumps and incinerator.  Reduce > Reuse > Recycle
  5. 5. Why do we have to manage our wastes?  Foremost mounting problem to most countries  Hazardous to human health  Causes depletion for lands (landfills)  Can cause land pollution
  6. 6. In Manila alone,...  0.5 kg per day  With ~10.5 million population in Manila  5,250 metric tons per day  162,750 metric tons per month  1.95 million metric tons per year  National Solid Waste Management Commission Secretariat based at the Environmental Management Bureau (EMB)
  7. 7. Waste Management Laws in the Philippines  Republic Act 7924 ◦ Mandates MMDA to formulate and implement policies, standards, programs and projects for proper and sanitary waste disposal management in the cities and municipalities in Metro Manila  Local Government Code of 1991 ◦ LGUs are responsible for collecting solid wastes in their respective area of jurisdiction.
  8. 8. Waste Management Laws in the Philippines  Republic Act 8749 (Philippine Clean Air Act of 1999) ◦ Prohibits incineration of waste that emits toxic fumes  Republic Act 9003 (Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000) ◦ Defines and sets parameters of solid waste management  Segregation at source  Separate collection of waste materials  Strict implementation of materials recovery system including recycling  Prohibiting open burning ◦ Penalty is not less than 300php but not more than 1,000php or community service of not more than 15 days
  9. 9. After the “implementation”