Siswa mampu m emahami prinsip-prinsip pengelompokkan
2.6 Mendeskripsikan ciri-ciri filum dalam dunia Hewan
dan peranannya bagi kehidupan
Mengenal ciri-ciri umum animalia.
Mengidentifikasi karakteristik berbagai filum anggota kingdom
Menyajikan data (gambar, foto, deskripsi) berbagai ivertebrata
yang hidup di lingkungan sekitarnya berdasarkan pengamatan.
19. Circulatory System
Open Circulatory System
Means that not all the blood is
contained in vessels but rather
vessels AND open chambers called
Sinuses take place of the Capillaries
3 chambered heart
20. Body Systems
Respiration – this is accomplished thru
the circulation of oxygen-rich water by
Excretion – this is accomplished by
Kidneys that double as a passageway
for eggs or sperm
Nervous System – varies with species.
Limpets and Bivalves are simple,
Cephalopods are well developed.
22. Specialized Structures
Radula – Horny-toothed structure found
within the pharynx
Used for “Rasping” or “Scraping” plant or
Bivalves are filter feeders and have lost
Cephalopods, in addition, have a “Beak”
which work together to kill prey
23. Specialized Structures
Operculum – A protective plate that
covered the opening to the shell of
Siphon – A tube that allows for water to
enter/leave the body of a Mollusc.
Bivalves and Cephalopods
Siphuncle – a cord of tissue that
connects all the chambers of the
Nautilus and used for boyancy
24. Specialized Sturctures
Nacre – secretion around sand particles
by oysters resulting in a pearl.
Hectocotylus – a special structure on
one of the arms of an Octopus (male)
that allows it to deposit sperm packets
into the females mantle cavity
26. Specialized Structures
Shells – Not all mollusc’s produce them
Make of calcium carbonate which is
obtained from water or soil.
They can grow through the lifetime of
Varies tremendously from external
fertilization to internal, dioecious and
Changing Sex – some such as oysters
change back and forth from male to
female releasing sperm and eggs
Spermatophores – packets of sperm