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the life of christ

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the life of christ

  1. 1. The Life of Christ
  2. 2. What is the Life of Christ? Triumphal Entry by Giotto di Bondone
  3. 3. What is the Life of Christ? The life of Christ is the life that the incarnate Son of God lived upon earth from the time of his conception until his Ascension. KEY DEFINITION
  4. 4. What is the Life of Christ?
  5. 5. What is the Life of Christ? The dramatic entry of Jesus into Jerusalem at the end of his public ministry reveals who Jesus is and why he came. Garments of the crowd are laid down before Jesus. Yet in a few days this same crowd will call for his crucifixion and death. Jesus Apostles The crowd recognise Jesus and hail him as the Messiah with the words, “Hosanna to the Son of David.”
  6. 6. The principal events of the life of Christ The Ascension of Christ by Garofalo The Annunciation by Fra Angelico Christ on the Cross by Velazquez
  7. 7. The principal events of the life of Christ c. 6 BC Conception and birth His miraculous conception in Nazareth and his birth in Bethlehem to c. 24 AD Hidden life His thirty years living in Nazareth, known as the carpenter’s son to c. 27 AD Public ministry His three year mission preaching the Kingdom of God, working signs and miracles and establishing his Church c. 27 AD Death, Resurrection, Ascension His submission to a cruel execution on a cross as a sacrifice for sin; his Resurrection and Ascension into glory
  8. 8. The principal events of the life of Christ The common timescale of all human history is now measured by the coming of Christ. The words ‘before Christ’ (BC) refer to the years prior to his birth. The words ‘anno Domini’ (AD), ‘in the year of the Lord’, acknowledge his continuing reign.
  9. 9. Jesus’ ministry: identity and mission The Baptism of Christ by Piero della Francesca
  10. 10. Jesus’ ministry: identity and mission JESUS REVEALED HIS IDENTITY Jesus witnessed to his unique relationship and oneness with ‘the Father’, referring to himself as the ‘beloved Son’ (Mt 11:27; Mk 12:6; Lk 20:13). He clearly asserted his eternal existence and divinity by applying to himself the name of God revealed to Moses, “Before Abraham was, I AM” (Jn 8:58, c.f. Exod 3:14). He witnessed to his divine power by great nature miracles, “he rose and rebuked the winds and the sea” (Mt 8:26), and by forgiving sins, “My son, your sins are forgiven” (Mk 2:5).
  11. 11. Jesus’ ministry: identity and mission JESUS EXPLAINED HIS MISSION Jesus explained that he was to die for the salvation of the world (Luke 12:32) and to share with us the divine life of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, “This is my body which is given for you” (Luke 22:19). His inaugurating of the Kingdom of God was shown by his victory over evil in forgiving sins, in casting out demons and by healing the sick, “I came that they may have life, and have it abundantly” (Jn 10:10).
  12. 12. Jesus’ ministry: doctrine and Church Christ Teaches his Disciples by Duccio di Buoninsegna
  13. 13. Jesus’ ministry: doctrine and Church JESUS TAUGHT HIS NEW DOCTRINE Jesus taught about the new life of grace through parables and especially the Sermon on the Mount (Mt 5). He showed that the greatest commandment of the law was love of God and neighbour (Mt 22:36-39). Before his death he gave his disciples a new commandment to “love one another; even as I have loved you” (Jn 13:34), a love made possible only by sharing in his own divine love.
  14. 14. Jesus’ ministry: doctrine and Church JESUS FOUNDED HIS CHURCH In choosing twelve apostles, Jesus established a visible Church, a new Israel (Mt 10:2; 19:28). He gave authority to Peter and the other apostles to govern and to teach, “Whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven” (Mt 16:19). He also gave them sacramental rites, “Do this in remembrance of me” (Lk 22:19). These superseded the ancient Jewish rites empowering us to be born again in Baptism and to live the new life of grace.
  15. 15. Summary Questions to reinforce key points Discussion questions Practical activities Presentation Part II Summary Activities I Please select an activity or go immediately to part II of the presentation
  16. 16. Summary Activities Menu Presentation Part II • The life of Christ is the life that the incarnate Son of God lived upon earth from the time of his conception until his Ascension. • The principal events of the life of Christ are his: conception and birth; hidden life; public ministry; death, Resurrection and Ascension. • In his public ministry, Jesus revealed his identity, explained his mission, taught his new doctrine and founded his Church. • The common timescale of all human history is now measured by the coming of Christ.
  17. 17. Questions to reinforce key points Conception and birth Hidden life Public ministry Death, Resurrection and Ascension What are the principal stages of the life of Christ? Activities Menu Presentation Part II 1 2 Click on a box to reveal one of the answers 3 4
  18. 18. Discussion questions Activities Menu Presentation Part II • Read Mark 2:1-12 or John 8:51- 59. Discuss what these passages tells us about Jesus’ identity and mission. • Discuss the importance of each of the stages of the life of Christ. Select one or more of the following:
  19. 19. Practical activities Activities Menu Presentation Part II • Read one of the parables of Jesus Christ or the account of one or more of his miracles in the gospels. • Read the Compendium of the Catechism questions 103-111. • Select one image of Jesus Christ in this course and note down how it expresses his identity and mission. Select one or more of the following:
  20. 20. Knowing Jesus Christ The Calling of Saint Matthew by Caravaggio
  21. 21. Knowing Jesus Christ The three senses in which we know Jesus Christ are through reason, faith and personally. KEY DEFINITION
  22. 22. Knowing Jesus Christ
  23. 23. Knowing Jesus Christ Matthew at his tax counting desk A light illuminates his face as Christ enters. He points to himself in disbelief. Jesus Peter The Hand of Christ the same shape as the hand of God in Michelangelo’s Creation of Adam. The picture emphasises the individual nature of conversion and how each one of us is called to know and follow Christ personally.
  24. 24. Knowing Jesus Christ through reason Saint Jerome in his Study by Antonello da Messina
  25. 25. Knowing Jesus Christ through reason We know Jesus Christ though reason, that is, we know of his existence, the world in which he lived, the events of his life and his teaching. We know these things principally by means of the twenty-seven documents known as the New Testament. These constitute the largest volume of written evidence in the ancient world about any one person. Non-Christian historians of that period also refer to him, in particular Josephus and Tacitus.
  26. 26. Knowing Jesus Christ through reason The New Testament documents were all written some twenty to seventy years after the public ministry of Jesus Christ. They were commonly accepted in the early Church as having been written under the authority of the apostles. The four gospels provide mutual corroboration of the events of Jesus’ life. While they use a variety of styles, details and arrangements, a single clear personality emerges from the texts. He who saw it has borne witness, his testimony is true, and he knows that he tells the truth, that you also may believe. Jn 19:35
  27. 27. Knowing Jesus Christ through faith Saint Matthew writing his Gospel by Caravaggio
  28. 28. Knowing Jesus Christ through faith We also know Jesus Christ through the gift of faith. This gift is like an illumination of the mind that God gives us. This gift enables us to recognise and trust in Christ and to accept everything he has revealed. No one can say “Jesus is Lord” except by the Holy Spirit. 1 Cor 12:3
  29. 29. Knowing Jesus Christ through faith Faith enables us to know that Jesus Christ is truly: • God, the second person of the Trinity, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God” (Mt 16:16). • The ‘Lamb of God’ (Jn 1:36), the sacrifice that takes away the sins of the world. • The only way to our salvation, “I am the way, the truth and the life” (Jn 14:6).
  30. 30. Knowing Jesus Christ through faith We can give a human assent to these teachings if we judge Jesus Christ to be trustworthy. Indeed, given the perfection of Jesus’ moral character, the depth of his teaching and the evidence of his miracles, his claims have a strong rational credibility. It is only with the supernatural gift and assent of faith, however, that we can know Jesus and all that he has revealed with a kind of inner illumination of mind and heart.
  31. 31. Knowing Jesus Christ personally The Light of the World by Holman Hunt Christ knocks personally at the door of the soul.
  32. 32. Knowing Jesus Christ personally By personal knowledge, we are enabled to encounter Jesus, not merely as an historical figure to be studied or agreed with, but rather as the living Lord who said “I am with you always” (Mt 28:20). This encounter is made possible through prayer, the sacraments and by conforming our lives to the pattern of his life.
  33. 33. Knowing Jesus Christ personally The Christian is part of Christ’s own mystical body through grace, which means being united spiritually to Christ. In all the sacraments we come to know Jesus intimately. Through the Eucharist, in particular, we receive him, body, blood, soul and divinity. In reading the Scriptures we meet the character of Jesus and are led into conversation with him. In prayer we speak directly to Jesus as a friend and come to an awareness of his presence.
  34. 34. Knowing Jesus Christ personally “No longer do I call you servants, for the servant does not know what his master is doing; but I have called you friends, for all that I have heard from my Father I have made known to you.” Jn 15:15
  35. 35. Summary Questions to reinforce key points Discussion questions Practical activities Summary Activities II Please select an activity or go immediately to the concluding prayer Concluding Prayer
  36. 36. Summary Activities Menu • The three senses in which we know Jesus Christ are through reason, faith and personally. • We know Jesus Christ though reason, in that we know of his existence, the world in which he lived, the events of his life and his teaching. • We know Jesus Christ though faith, in that, by means of this gift, we recognise and trust in him and accept everything he has revealed. • We also know Jesus Christ personally through prayer, the sacraments and by conforming our lives to the pattern of his life. Concluding Prayer
  37. 37. Questions to reinforce key points Through reason Through faith Personally What are the three ways in which we can know Jesus Christ? Activities Menu Concluding Prayer 1 2 Click on a box to reveal one of the answers 3
  38. 38. Discussion questions Activities Menu • Discuss how we can grow in our knowledge of Jesus Christ in each of the three ways: reason, faith and personally. • Discuss some personal experiences of knowing Jesus Christ in one’s own life. Select one or more of the following: Concluding Prayer
  39. 39. Practical activities Activities Menu Concluding Prayer • Choose one chapter from one of the gospels about the public ministry of Jesus Christ. Read out the passage and think prayerfully about how it reveals Jesus to us. • Pray one decade from the ‘Mysteries of Light’ of the Rosary, which cover the public ministry of Jesus Christ. • Pray to Jesus personally by visiting the Blessed Sacrament in a church. Select one or more of the following:
  40. 40. Final Prayer From ‘St Patrick’s Breastplate’ Christ be with me, Christ within me, Christ behind me, Christ before me, Christ beside me, Christ to win me, Christ to comfort and restore me. Christ beneath me, Christ above me, Christ in quiet, Christ in danger, Christ in hearts of all that love me, Christ in mouth of friend and stranger. I bind unto myself the name, the strong name of the Trinity, by invocation of the same, the Three in One and One in Three. By whom all nature hath creation, Eternal Father, Spirit, Word: praise to the Lord of my salvation, salvation is of Christ the Lord. Amen.

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