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Power Point: The Bible: From God or Man?

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Power Point: The Bible: From God or Man?

  1. 1. The Bible, From God or ManThe Bible, From God or Man John OakesJohn Oakes Harvard UniversityHarvard University 10/16/0910/16/09
  2. 2. You are Invited! 2010 International Christian Evidence Conference Concordia University Irvine, CA Evolution: Four Views
  3. 3. Can Science and belief in God coexist?Can Science and belief in God coexist? The Language ofThe Language of GodGod
  4. 4. Reasons Collins believes in GodReasons Collins believes in God 1. There is something instead of nothing.1. There is something instead of nothing. 2. The unreasonable effectiveness of mathematics.2. The unreasonable effectiveness of mathematics. 3. The Big Bang.3. The Big Bang. 4. Nature does not solve the problem of why.4. Nature does not solve the problem of why. 5. The existence of time.5. The existence of time. 6. Fine tuning of the universe. The “Goldilocks6. Fine tuning of the universe. The “Goldilocks Paradox.”Paradox.” 7. Ockham’s Razor.7. Ockham’s Razor. 8. The existence of moral law.8. The existence of moral law. I would add… Because the Bible is inspiredI would add… Because the Bible is inspired
  5. 5. Accident or Design? The Anthropic Principle William Paley
  6. 6. The Teleological Argument Evidence for Design in Nature The Anthropic Principle Boeing 747 Design or Accident?
  7. 7. Physics: The Finely Tuned Universe
  8. 8. . 000000000000000000000 000000000000000000000 00000000000000000001 Fine Tuning of the Gravitational Constant
  9. 9. Fred Hoyle on Fine-TuningFred Hoyle on Fine-Tuning “… a super-intellect has monkeyed with physics, as well as with chemistry and biology.”
  10. 10. Antony Flew Considers GodAntony Flew Considers God Flew is increasingly persuaded thatFlew is increasingly persuaded that some sort of Deity brought aboutsome sort of Deity brought about this universe. He says he has inthis universe. He says he has in mind something like the God ofmind something like the God of Aristotle, a distant, impersonalAristotle, a distant, impersonal "prime mover." It might not even"prime mover." It might not even be conscious, but a mere force. Inbe conscious, but a mere force. In formal terms, he regards theformal terms, he regards the existence of this minimal God as aexistence of this minimal God as a hypothesis that, at present, ishypothesis that, at present, is perhaps the best explanation forperhaps the best explanation for why a universe exists that canwhy a universe exists that can produce complex lifeproduce complex life
  11. 11. Delos B. McKown: “Christianity is scientifically unsupported and probably insupportable, philosophically suspect at best and disreputable at worst, and historically fraudulent.”
  12. 12. Proposition #1Proposition #1 The Bible is scientifically unsupported andThe Bible is scientifically unsupported and probably insupportibleprobably insupportible
  13. 13. Papyrus EbersPapyrus Ebers
  14. 14. The Ebers PapyrusThe Ebers Papyrus:: ““To prevent hair from turning gray,To prevent hair from turning gray, anoint it with the blood of a calfanoint it with the blood of a calf which has been boiled in oil or withwhich has been boiled in oil or with the fat of a rattlesnake.”the fat of a rattlesnake.” ““A mixture of six fats, namely thoseA mixture of six fats, namely those of the horse, the hippopotamus, theof the horse, the hippopotamus, the crocodile, the cat, the snake andcrocodile, the cat, the snake and the ibex.... to prevent hair loss.”the ibex.... to prevent hair loss.”
  15. 15. Drugs of Choice included:Drugs of Choice included: Lizards bloodLizards blood Swine’s teethSwine’s teeth Putrid meatPutrid meat Moisture from Pigs’ earsMoisture from Pigs’ ears Excreta from animals including humanExcreta from animals including human beings, donkeys, antelope, dogs, catsbeings, donkeys, antelope, dogs, cats and fliesand flies
  16. 16. “I will not bring on you any of these diseases...” Exodus 15:26 “The pig... is unclean for you...those that walk on their paws...the weasel, the rat...are unclean for you.” Leviticus 11
  17. 17. “The sting of a hornet is healed by the house-fly, crushed and applied to the wound.” “The gnat, feeble creature, taking in food but never secreting it is a specific against the poison of the viper.” An ancient Hebrew medical manuscript.
  18. 18. “Whoever touches the dead body of anyone will be unclean for seven days. He must purify himself with the water on the third and seventh day...take some hyssop, dip it in the water and sprinkle the tent and furnishings and the people who were there.” Numbers 19
  19. 19. SemelweissSemelweiss
  20. 20. Vienna, 1847Vienna, 1847 In maternity wards one out ofIn maternity wards one out of every six women dies.every six women dies. Obstetricians ascribe deaths toObstetricians ascribe deaths to constipation, fear andconstipation, fear and poisonous air.poisonous air.
  21. 21. Death Rate fallsDeath Rate falls from 18% to 1%from 18% to 1%
  22. 22. Thymol (Oil of Hyssop)
  23. 23. “For the generations to come, every male among you who is eight days old must be circumcised...” Genesis 17:12 Vitamin K Prothrombrin: a clotting protein.
  24. 24. 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 days %ofnormal Clotting Protein Peaks on Day EightClotting Protein Peaks on Day Eight Available Prothrombin
  25. 25. DayDay CircumcisedCircumcised Number of HebrewNumber of Hebrew BoysBoys Number of DeathsNumber of Deaths 11 823823 44 33 759759 66 55 693693 88 77 855855 33 99 770770 22 1111 698698 44 Abraham’s Experiment
  26. 26. Proposition #1Proposition #1 The Bible is scientifically unsupported andThe Bible is scientifically unsupported and probably insupportibleprobably insupportible Genesis 1, Hebrews 11:3Genesis 1, Hebrews 11:3 Response: Oh really…Response: Oh really…
  27. 27. Proposition #2Proposition #2 ““Christianity isChristianity is philosophicallyphilosophically suspect at best”suspect at best” Delos McKownDelos McKown Socrates
  28. 28. Christian Philosophy/TheologyChristian Philosophy/Theology Christian Philosophy (theology) gives a moreChristian Philosophy (theology) gives a more realistic description of things as they are thanrealistic description of things as they are than materialism or postmodernism.materialism or postmodernism. Materialism denies the existence of truth, moralityMaterialism denies the existence of truth, morality and value.and value. Postmodernism says that all truth is relative. NoPostmodernism says that all truth is relative. No particular world view is preferred.particular world view is preferred.
  29. 29. Naturalism/Scientism/MaterialismNaturalism/Scientism/Materialism The belief that the only reliable or validThe belief that the only reliable or valid instrument to deciding the truth or even theinstrument to deciding the truth or even the value of any proposition is the scientific method.value of any proposition is the scientific method. No ethics, no morality, no supernatural, no God,No ethics, no morality, no supernatural, no God, no truth (except that found by science), nono truth (except that found by science), no consciousness, no “I.” Justice is a figment of ourconsciousness, no “I.” Justice is a figment of our imagination.imagination.
  30. 30. Richard DawkinsRichard Dawkins In the universe of blind physical forces and geneticIn the universe of blind physical forces and genetic replication, some people are going to get hurt andreplication, some people are going to get hurt and other people are going to get lucky: and you won’tother people are going to get lucky: and you won’t find any rhyme or reason to it, nor any justice. Thefind any rhyme or reason to it, nor any justice. The universe we observe has precisely the properties weuniverse we observe has precisely the properties we should expect if there is at the bottom, no design, noshould expect if there is at the bottom, no design, no purpose, no evil and no good. Nothing but blind,purpose, no evil and no good. Nothing but blind, pitiless indifference. DNA neither knows nor cares.pitiless indifference. DNA neither knows nor cares. DNA just is, and we dance to its music.DNA just is, and we dance to its music.
  31. 31. Questions Science Can AnswerQuestions Science Can Answer When?When? What?What? Where?Where? How many?How many? By what means?By what means?
  32. 32. Questions Science Cannot Answer:Questions Science Cannot Answer: (That the Bible Does Answer)(That the Bible Does Answer) – Why am I here?Why am I here? – Is that the right thing to do?Is that the right thing to do? – How valuable am I?How valuable am I? – Does God exist? Does God act (theism)?Does God exist? Does God act (theism)? – Will that God respond if I pray?Will that God respond if I pray? – Do supernatural events (miracles) happen?Do supernatural events (miracles) happen?
  33. 33. If the Materialist is right, then…If the Materialist is right, then… Religious thought is absolute nonsense. Prayer isReligious thought is absolute nonsense. Prayer is chemical moving around in your brain.chemical moving around in your brain. Art, Literature, Music have no intrinsic value.Art, Literature, Music have no intrinsic value. Justice is a meaningless word.Justice is a meaningless word. Human rights have no basis.Human rights have no basis. Etc….Etc….
  34. 34. Naturalism is a Dangerous (Evil?) PhilosophyNaturalism is a Dangerous (Evil?) Philosophy If the naturalist is right then:If the naturalist is right then: Good and evil are meaningless ideas.Good and evil are meaningless ideas. Stealing is not necessarily wrong.Stealing is not necessarily wrong. Any kind of sexual behavior is as right as any other.Any kind of sexual behavior is as right as any other. There is nothing inherently evil about genocide.There is nothing inherently evil about genocide. Racism is acceptable.Racism is acceptable.
  35. 35. Postmodernism: Cultural RelativismPostmodernism: Cultural Relativism Reality is a social construction.Reality is a social construction. Truth: It is true for you, but it is not true for me.Truth: It is true for you, but it is not true for me. All beliefs are theory-laden (Thomas Kuhn)All beliefs are theory-laden (Thomas Kuhn) Meaning, if it exists, lies in a community of believers.Meaning, if it exists, lies in a community of believers. Self is a construction of our society.Self is a construction of our society. No rational way to discover which is the best world view.No rational way to discover which is the best world view.
  36. 36. Challenge to a Postmodernist:Challenge to a Postmodernist: How do you know the postmodern view is theHow do you know the postmodern view is the correct one?correct one? If your culture does not believe in gravity tryIf your culture does not believe in gravity try throwing yourself off of a high buildingthrowing yourself off of a high building
  37. 37. The Impact of Christian Thinking on theThe Impact of Christian Thinking on the WorldWorld Women’s rightsWomen’s rights Human rightsHuman rights Abolition of SlaveryAbolition of Slavery Science was created due to the Christian view of theScience was created due to the Christian view of the worldworld
  38. 38. Predictions Based on Christian Theology: 1. The universe will follow a single, unchanging set of laws. 2. The universe will be understandable to human beings. 3. The universe will be describable by mathematics. 4. The universe will be designed so that we can observe it - (“The Priveleged Planet” Gonzalez and Richards)
  39. 39. Christian Philosophy/The Christian WorldChristian Philosophy/The Christian World ViewView Realism but not naturalismRealism but not naturalism Genesis 1:31 The world/creation is good (vsGenesis 1:31 The world/creation is good (vs Pythagoreanism, Platonism, neo-Platonism, Gnosticism,Pythagoreanism, Platonism, neo-Platonism, Gnosticism, etc.)etc.) Genesis 1:1 Defeats pantheism, atheism, dualism,Genesis 1:1 Defeats pantheism, atheism, dualism, materialism/scientism, humanism, animism, all in onematerialism/scientism, humanism, animism, all in one verse. (Hebrews 11:3)verse. (Hebrews 11:3)
  40. 40. Christian Philosophy (cont.)Christian Philosophy (cont.) Biblical theology solves the dual problems of sufferingBiblical theology solves the dual problems of suffering and evil.and evil. Evil the result of people with free will rebelling againstEvil the result of people with free will rebelling against God.God. Suffering is not evil. It is from God, but it should be dealtSuffering is not evil. It is from God, but it should be dealt with by compassion.with by compassion. Nearly all compassionate works in the world are done byNearly all compassionate works in the world are done by Bible believers.Bible believers.
  41. 41. Proposition #3Proposition #3 Christianity is historically fraudulentChristianity is historically fraudulent
  42. 42. Ruins of Hattusha, capital of the Hittites
  43. 43. The Lion Gate in Hattusha
  44. 44. The Five City League, including Sodom and Gomorrah
  45. 45. The Tel Dan Inscription 820 BC 2 Kings 8:28-29 I Hazael killed Joram, son of Omri and I defeated Ahaziah of the House of David
  46. 46. Pilate Inscription Caesarea AD 30
  47. 47. Ziggurat in UrZiggurat in Ur
  48. 48. Proposition #4Proposition #4 The Bible is full of myths.The Bible is full of myths. This charge is true! The Bible contains true myths.This charge is true! The Bible contains true myths.
  49. 49. Myths Common to Nearly All CulturesMyths Common to Nearly All Cultures Creation mythsCreation myths – Gilgamesh (Akkadian/Sumerian)Gilgamesh (Akkadian/Sumerian) – Popol Vuh (Mayan)Popol Vuh (Mayan) – Sutras (Hindu) etc.Sutras (Hindu) etc. – vs. Genesis 1-3vs. Genesis 1-3 God/man mythsGod/man myths – Isis and OsirisIsis and Osiris – MithraMithra – KrishnaKrishna – Eleusian Rites, etc.Eleusian Rites, etc. – vs. Jesusvs. Jesus
  50. 50. Babylonian Creation Myth: Marduk kills Tiamat
  51. 51. Sutras: Hindu ScriptureSutras: Hindu Scripture The Earth sits on the back of four elephants, standing onThe Earth sits on the back of four elephants, standing on a turtle, encircled by a snake, swimming in a bowl ofa turtle, encircled by a snake, swimming in a bowl of milk.milk.
  52. 52. Egyptian Creation Myth
  53. 53. Iroquois Creation Myth: Enigorio and Enigohahetgea Battling the Ronnongwetowanca (Stone Giants)
  54. 54. Proposition #5Proposition #5 The Bible is full of contradictions.The Bible is full of contradictions. – Genesis 7:17 vs Genesis 8:3Genesis 7:17 vs Genesis 8:3 – Genesis 37:36 vs Genesis 39:1Genesis 37:36 vs Genesis 39:1 – Mathew 27:5 vs Acts 1:18Mathew 27:5 vs Acts 1:18 – John 19:17 vs Mark 15:21-23John 19:17 vs Mark 15:21-23 – More serious Exodus 20:4-5 vs Ezek 18:19-20More serious Exodus 20:4-5 vs Ezek 18:19-20
  55. 55. Proposition #6Proposition #6 You cannot trust the Bible because it has beenYou cannot trust the Bible because it has been changed.changed. Oh really….Oh really….
  56. 56. Excerpt from DVCExcerpt from DVC ““Aha!’ Teabing burst in with enthusiasm.Aha!’ Teabing burst in with enthusiasm. ‘The fundamental irony of Christianity!‘The fundamental irony of Christianity! The Bible, as we know it today, wasThe Bible, as we know it today, was collated by the pagan Roman emperorcollated by the pagan Roman emperor Constantine the Great.” (page 251, DVC)Constantine the Great.” (page 251, DVC)
  57. 57. The Rylands Fragment John 18:31-33, 37 AD 125 Manuscript evidence for the canonical gospels
  58. 58. Codex Sinaiticus (350 AD) Codex Vaticanus (350 AD) Alexandrian Codex (350 AD) Codex Bezae (300 AD) Chester Beaty Papyrus (200 AD) John Rylands Papyrus (125 AD)
  59. 59. Author Date Oldest Copy Interval Copies Aristophanes 400 BC AD 900 1,300 years 45 Aristotle 340 BC AD 1100 1,450 years 5 Demosthenes 300 BC AD 1100 1,400 years 200 Julius Caesar 50 BC AD 900 950 years 10 Herodotus 435 BC AD 900 1,350 years 8 Homer 800 BC AD 100 900 years 643 Plato 360 BC AD 800 1,150 years 15 Sophocles 415 BC AD 1000 1,400 years 7 Thucydides 410 BC AD 900 1,300 years 8 Old Testament 1500 BC – 500 BC 200 BC 200-400 years 5,000 New Testament AD 50-90 AD 125 50 years 8,000 Textual Evidence for Ancient Manuscripts
  60. 60. Church Father QuotesChurch Father Quotes Ignatius d. AD 115 Quotes from Matthew, John and Luke.Ignatius d. AD 115 Quotes from Matthew, John and Luke. Polycarp, writing to the Philippians in AD 120 quotes from Matthew,Polycarp, writing to the Philippians in AD 120 quotes from Matthew, Mark, Luke, Acts, 1,2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians,Mark, Luke, Acts, 1,2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, 1,2 Thessalonians, 1,2 Timothy, Hebrews, 1 Peter, andPhilippians, 1,2 Thessalonians, 1,2 Timothy, Hebrews, 1 Peter, and 1,3 John1,3 John Clement of Rome AD 95 or 96 quotes from ten of the twenty-sevenClement of Rome AD 95 or 96 quotes from ten of the twenty-seven New Testament books.New Testament books. Nearly the entire New Testament can be reconstructed from quotesNearly the entire New Testament can be reconstructed from quotes of the church fathers in the 2of the church fathers in the 2ndnd and 3and 3rdrd centuries.centuries. None of these ever quoted from a Gnostic gospel, ever!None of these ever quoted from a Gnostic gospel, ever!
  61. 61. Development of the New Testament CanonDevelopment of the New Testament Canon Four gospels circulating and recognized as apostolic by AD 100 orFour gospels circulating and recognized as apostolic by AD 100 or even by AD 90.even by AD 90. A group of letters of Paul circulating together and recognized asA group of letters of Paul circulating together and recognized as apostolic by AD 100apostolic by AD 100 A still fluid, but developing complete list of canonical books by ADA still fluid, but developing complete list of canonical books by AD 150. (some doubt about Hebrews, 2,3 John, Revelation, 2 Peter,150. (some doubt about Hebrews, 2,3 John, Revelation, 2 Peter, Epistle of Barnabus, Didache).Epistle of Barnabus, Didache). By AD 200, the New Testament as we know it was canonized byBy AD 200, the New Testament as we know it was canonized by acclamation of the church. (The Muratorian Fragment, AD 175)acclamation of the church. (The Muratorian Fragment, AD 175)
  62. 62. SummarySummary The New Testament canon was selected by consensusThe New Testament canon was selected by consensus of the church in the second century as those books withof the church in the second century as those books with apostolic authority.apostolic authority. The evidence is conclusive that the Greek NewThe evidence is conclusive that the Greek New Testament we have is virtually identical to the originalTestament we have is virtually identical to the original writings of the inspired writers.writings of the inspired writers.
  63. 63. The Text and Canon of the Old TestamentThe Text and Canon of the Old Testament The Cairo Codex: The former and latter prophets AD 895The Cairo Codex: The former and latter prophets AD 895 The Leningrad Codex: Oldest Hebrew manuscript of theThe Leningrad Codex: Oldest Hebrew manuscript of the whole Old Testament AD 1008whole Old Testament AD 1008 The Masoretes and the Masoretic Text. These guysThe Masoretes and the Masoretic Text. These guys were fanatics!were fanatics! All this changed in 1949 with an Arab child in the hillsAll this changed in 1949 with an Arab child in the hills east of Jerusalem….east of Jerusalem….
  64. 64. Qumran Cave #4
  65. 65. Last OldLast Old TestamentTestament BookBook WrittenWritten AutographAutograph Dead Sea ScrollsDead Sea Scrolls WrittenWritten Oldest Old TestamentOldest Old Testament Manuscript BeforeManuscript Before Dead Sea ScrollsDead Sea Scrolls The Effect of the Dead Sea Scrolls
  66. 66. Inspiration of the Bible:Inspiration of the Bible: Messianic Prophecies FulfilledMessianic Prophecies Fulfilled He said to them, “This is what I told you while IHe said to them, “This is what I told you while I was still with you: Everything must be fulfilledwas still with you: Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, thethat is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms. Luke 24:44Prophets and the Psalms. Luke 24:44
  67. 67. Isaiah 53:1-13: He was despised and rejected by men, a man of sorrows, familiar with suffering. (v. 3) But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed. (v. 5) (John 19:31-37) He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth; he was led like a lamb to the slaughter and as a sheep before her shearers is silent, so he did not open his mouth. (v. 7)
  68. 68. Micah 5:2 But you, Bethlehem Ephrathrah, though you are small among the clans of Judah, out of you will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from old, from ancient times. Isaiah 9:1,6 In the past he humbled the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, but in the future he will honor Galilee of the Gentiles, by the way of the sea, along the Jordan…. For to us a child is born… And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
  69. 69. Psalm 22:16-18 Dogs have surrounded me; a band of evil men have encircled me, they have pierced my hands and my feet. I can count all my bones; (John 19:3-37) people stare and gloat over me. They divide my garments among them and cast lots for my clothing. (John 19:23,24)
  70. 70. Zechariah 11:12,13 I told them, “If you think it best, give me my pay; but if not, keep it.” so they paid me thirty pieces of silver. (Matthew 26:14-16) And the Lord said to me, “Throw it to the potter”— the handsome price at which they priced me! So I took the thirty pieces of silver and threw them into the house of the Lord, to the potter. (Matthew 27:3-8)
  71. 71. Daniel 9:24-26 Seventy ‘sevens’ are decreed for your people and your holy city to finish transgression, to put an end to sin, to atone for wickedness, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy. Know and understand this: From the issuing of the decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem, until the Anointed One, the ruler comes, there will be seven ‘sevens’ and sixty two ‘sevens’ Decree of Artaxerxes (Ezra 7:12-26) 458 BC 458 BC - 490 years = -32 (no zero BC)
  72. 72. Be born in BethlehemBe born in Bethlehem Be raised in Galilee near NazarethBe raised in Galilee near Nazareth Be despised and rejected by menBe despised and rejected by men Be meek and silent before his accusersBe meek and silent before his accusers Be “pierced”Be “pierced” Be crucifiedBe crucified Have his garments divided and gambled overHave his garments divided and gambled over Be betrayed for 30 pieces of silverBe betrayed for 30 pieces of silver Come to Jerusalem to make atonement for sin in about AD 33Come to Jerusalem to make atonement for sin in about AD 33 And many more….And many more…. Was all this an accident, or did God plan all along for the Passion of theWas all this an accident, or did God plan all along for the Passion of the Christ for forgiveness of sins? What do you think?Christ for forgiveness of sins? What do you think? Is the Bible the Word of God or the word of men?Is the Bible the Word of God or the word of men?
  73. 73. If The Bible is the Word of GodIf The Bible is the Word of God We Need to Put it Into PracticeWe Need to Put it Into Practice Hebrews 11:1 Faith in what is not seen.Hebrews 11:1 Faith in what is not seen. John 12:47-50 The Word will be our judgeJohn 12:47-50 The Word will be our judge James 1:22-25 Put it into practiceJames 1:22-25 Put it into practice 2 Tim 4:1-5 No sentimentality. Eternal life is2 Tim 4:1-5 No sentimentality. Eternal life is at stake.at stake.
  74. 74. www.evidenceforchristianity.org

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