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TO CHOOSE, TO CHECK, TO VERIFY:
THE QUEST FOR OPEN AV STANDARDS
Validate Your Digital Assets 

PREFORMA, MediaConch & File Compliance
Erwin Verbruggen
Netherlands Institute for Sound And Vision
November 20th, 2015 #AMIA15 Portland, OR
Name Country ROLE
Riksarkivet Sweden
Project
Coordinator +
Memory
Promoter Srl Italy
Technical +
Communication
Coordinator
Packed Expertisecentrum Digitaal Erfgoed Vzw Belgium Technical Partner
Fraunhofer
Gesellschaft Zur Foerderung Der Angewandten
Forschung E.V
Germany Technical Partner
Hogskolan I Skovde
University Of Skovde
Sweden Technical Partner
Universita Degli Studi di Padova Italy Technical Partner
Stichting Nederlands Instituut voor Beeld En
Geluid
Netherlands Memory
InstitutionKoninklijk Instituut Voor Het Kunstpatrimonium Belgium Memory
InstitutionGreek Film Centre Ae Greece Memory
InstitutionLocal Government Management Agency
An Ghniomhaireacht Bainistiochta Rialtais
Aitiuil
Ireland
Memory
Institution
Stiftung Preussischer Kulturbesitz Germany Memory
InstitutionAyuntamiento De Girona Spain Memory
InstitutionEesti Vabariigi Kultuuriministeerium Estonia Memory
InstitutionKungliga Biblioteket Sweden Memory
Institution
QC AT S&V
STANDARDS IN USE
•Sound and Vision, Netherlands
•> MXF OP1a / D10 30/50
•> MXF OP1a / XDCAM HD
•> DPX
•Greek Film Centre, Greece
•> DCP
•Kungliga Biblioteket, Sweden
•MOV-AVI/MPEG2-MPEG4
•Ayuntament de Girona, Spain
•MOV-AVI/MPEG2-MPEG4
THE PREFORMA CHALLENGE
SIP DIP
AIP AIP
Descripti
ve info
Descripti
ve info
C
O
N
S
U
M
E
R
P
R
O
D
U
C
E
R
DATA STORAGE
DATA
MANAGEMENT
INGEST ACCESS
Queries
Result sets
Orders
PRESERVATION PLANNING
ADMINISTRATION
MANAGEMENT
European Commission
Digital Agenda 25 June 2012
“Open standards would 

save public sector €1 billion a year”
PUBLIC PROCUREMENT
•open-source toolset for conformance
checking
•should allow for deployment in
different infrastructures and
environments
•establish a network of common interest
•to gain control over the technical
properties of preservation files
John Caldwell
The Signal 17 November 2015
“is this the right tool for you?”
Content type Standard specifications
TEXT
ISO 32000-1:2008 (PDF 1.7)
ISO 19005-1:2005 (PDF/A-1)
ISO 19005-2:2011 (PDF/A-2)
ISO 19005-3:2012 (PDF/A-3)
IMAGE
ISO 12234-2:2001 (TIFF/EP)
ISO 12369:2004 (TIFF/IT)
MOVING IMAGE
Open standard:
• maintained by a not-for-profit
organization,
• available either freely or at
a nominal charge.
• IPR made irrevocably available
on a royalty-free basis.
AN OPEN STANDARD FOR AV
• Has the format been adopted by digital
preservationists?
• Has the format been adopted by PREFORMA
stakeholders?
• Has the format been adopted by service
providers?
• Does the license of the format allow for
developing open source software?
• Is the standard specification document
available either freely or at a nominal
charge?
SUSTAINABILITY ANALISIS
Open
standard?
AUDIOVISUAL
TEXT IMAGE
Broadcast Film Consumer
PREFORMA
stakeholders
MPEG-IMX

(MXF/MPEG2)
XDCAM HD422

(MXF/MPEG4)
DPX
DCP

(MXF/JPEG2000)
MOV/MPEG2
AVI/MPEG2
MPEG/
MPEG2
MPEG/
MPEG4-AVC
PDF 1.4
PDF/A1
TIFF 6.0
JPEG
JPEG2000
RAW
Industry
standards
AS|07 

(MXF/MPEG2)

(MXF/
JPEG2000)
FIMS

(MXF/MPEG2)
DCDM 

(TIFF 6.0)
DCP (MXF/
JPEG2000)
IMF (MXF/
MPEG4)
MPEG-AF PDF
JPEG2000
TIFF
Open
standards
MKV/FFV1
OGG/Dirac
PNG
WebM/VP8
OGG/
Theora
PDF/A1
PDF/A3
PDF/A3
PNG
PREFORMA
MKV (?) | OGG
JPEG2000 (?) | FFV1 | Dirac
LPCM (?)
PDF/A
TIFF 6.0
(?)
preforma-project.eu
Thank You.
everbruggen@beeldengeluid.nl
twitter: @erwinverb - @benglabs
Slides with thanks to:

Daniel Steinmeier, Emmanuel Lorrain

,Claudio Prandoni, Bert Lemmens.
preforma-project.eu
mediaarea.net/mediaconch
e-mail: info@preforma-project.eu
twitter: @ablwr - @erwinverb - @dericed

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To Choose, to Check, to Verify: The Quest for Open AV Standards

  • 1. TO CHOOSE, TO CHECK, TO VERIFY: THE QUEST FOR OPEN AV STANDARDS Validate Your Digital Assets 
 PREFORMA, MediaConch & File Compliance Erwin Verbruggen Netherlands Institute for Sound And Vision November 20th, 2015 #AMIA15 Portland, OR
  • 2. Name Country ROLE Riksarkivet Sweden Project Coordinator + Memory Promoter Srl Italy Technical + Communication Coordinator Packed Expertisecentrum Digitaal Erfgoed Vzw Belgium Technical Partner Fraunhofer Gesellschaft Zur Foerderung Der Angewandten Forschung E.V Germany Technical Partner Hogskolan I Skovde University Of Skovde Sweden Technical Partner Universita Degli Studi di Padova Italy Technical Partner Stichting Nederlands Instituut voor Beeld En Geluid Netherlands Memory InstitutionKoninklijk Instituut Voor Het Kunstpatrimonium Belgium Memory InstitutionGreek Film Centre Ae Greece Memory InstitutionLocal Government Management Agency An Ghniomhaireacht Bainistiochta Rialtais Aitiuil Ireland Memory Institution Stiftung Preussischer Kulturbesitz Germany Memory InstitutionAyuntamiento De Girona Spain Memory InstitutionEesti Vabariigi Kultuuriministeerium Estonia Memory InstitutionKungliga Biblioteket Sweden Memory Institution
  • 4. STANDARDS IN USE •Sound and Vision, Netherlands •> MXF OP1a / D10 30/50 •> MXF OP1a / XDCAM HD •> DPX •Greek Film Centre, Greece •> DCP •Kungliga Biblioteket, Sweden •MOV-AVI/MPEG2-MPEG4 •Ayuntament de Girona, Spain •MOV-AVI/MPEG2-MPEG4
  • 5. THE PREFORMA CHALLENGE SIP DIP AIP AIP Descripti ve info Descripti ve info C O N S U M E R P R O D U C E R DATA STORAGE DATA MANAGEMENT INGEST ACCESS Queries Result sets Orders PRESERVATION PLANNING ADMINISTRATION MANAGEMENT
  • 6. European Commission Digital Agenda 25 June 2012 “Open standards would 
 save public sector €1 billion a year”
  • 7. PUBLIC PROCUREMENT •open-source toolset for conformance checking •should allow for deployment in different infrastructures and environments •establish a network of common interest •to gain control over the technical properties of preservation files
  • 8. John Caldwell The Signal 17 November 2015 “is this the right tool for you?”
  • 9. Content type Standard specifications TEXT ISO 32000-1:2008 (PDF 1.7) ISO 19005-1:2005 (PDF/A-1) ISO 19005-2:2011 (PDF/A-2) ISO 19005-3:2012 (PDF/A-3) IMAGE ISO 12234-2:2001 (TIFF/EP) ISO 12369:2004 (TIFF/IT) MOVING IMAGE Open standard: • maintained by a not-for-profit organization, • available either freely or at a nominal charge. • IPR made irrevocably available on a royalty-free basis. AN OPEN STANDARD FOR AV
  • 10. • Has the format been adopted by digital preservationists? • Has the format been adopted by PREFORMA stakeholders? • Has the format been adopted by service providers? • Does the license of the format allow for developing open source software? • Is the standard specification document available either freely or at a nominal charge? SUSTAINABILITY ANALISIS
  • 11. Open standard? AUDIOVISUAL TEXT IMAGE Broadcast Film Consumer PREFORMA stakeholders MPEG-IMX
 (MXF/MPEG2) XDCAM HD422
 (MXF/MPEG4) DPX DCP
 (MXF/JPEG2000) MOV/MPEG2 AVI/MPEG2 MPEG/ MPEG2 MPEG/ MPEG4-AVC PDF 1.4 PDF/A1 TIFF 6.0 JPEG JPEG2000 RAW Industry standards AS|07 
 (MXF/MPEG2)
 (MXF/ JPEG2000) FIMS
 (MXF/MPEG2) DCDM 
 (TIFF 6.0) DCP (MXF/ JPEG2000) IMF (MXF/ MPEG4) MPEG-AF PDF JPEG2000 TIFF Open standards MKV/FFV1 OGG/Dirac PNG WebM/VP8 OGG/ Theora PDF/A1 PDF/A3 PDF/A3 PNG PREFORMA MKV (?) | OGG JPEG2000 (?) | FFV1 | Dirac LPCM (?) PDF/A TIFF 6.0 (?)
  • 13. Thank You. everbruggen@beeldengeluid.nl twitter: @erwinverb - @benglabs Slides with thanks to:
 Daniel Steinmeier, Emmanuel Lorrain
 ,Claudio Prandoni, Bert Lemmens.