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Water management, open data and open science

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Presentation given at Sulaymaniya University, Kurdistan: April 23-24 2019 on the challenge of open data and open science intrans-boundary water issues.

Veröffentlicht in: Umweltschutz
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Water management, open data and open science

  1. 1. Karl Donert, EUROGEO, Consultant: Director: European Centre of Excellence: digital-earth.eu eurogeomail@yahoo.co.uk Fifth Scientific Conference, Sulaymanuya University 23-24 April 2019 Open Information, Open Science – Water Management
  2. 2. • ss
  3. 3. Open Science
  4. 4. Open Science
  5. 5. Open Education
  6. 6. Open Street Map and Nepal https://np.okfn.org/
  7. 7. http://odimpact.org/case-battling-ebola-in-sierra-leone.html
  8. 8. http://blog.datascience.com/eliminating-traffic-fatalities-with-data-science/
  9. 9. Climate Change
  10. 10. Penn, Open Data Philly and Azavea are working to protect climate data before Trump becomes president, http://technical.ly/philly/2016/12/19/public-data-trump-era/
  11. 11. http://cci.esa.int/content/climate-space-ipad-app-launched
  12. 12. Maps and interactive visualisations helps cities decode their toughest challenges https://t.co/3Jmbc0ZMJC
  13. 13. http://www.atlasofurbanexpansion.org/cities/view/Baghdad
  14. 14. Aqueduct Project: Current Water Risk
  15. 15. Aqueduct Project: Mapping Water Stress 2020
  16. 16. Aqueduct Project: Mapping Water Stress 2030
  17. 17. Aqueduct Project: Mapping Water Stress 2040
  18. 18. Open Data and Sustainable Development
  19. 19. Open Data and Sustainable Development A key engine for achieving UN SDGs Four types of benefit • economic growth and job creation • efficiency and effectiveness of public services • more government transparency, accountability, and citizen participation • better information sharing World Bank https://t.co/ipZrpcWIYV
  20. 20. Uneven Geographies Of Openness https://t.co/bIXhhCo4Ps Uneven Information Openness Graham, M., De Sabbata, S. and Zook, M.A., 2015. Towards a study of information geographies:(im) mutable augmentations and a mapping of the geographies of information. Geo: Geography and environment, 2(1), pp.88-105.
  21. 21. Economic Value of Geo-Data (Arup Dasgupta, 2013) Dusgupta A (2013), Economic Value of Geospatial Data: The great enabler http://tinyurl.com/nj9fbj2
  22. 22. http://eryica.org/page/principles-online-youth-information
  23. 23. Data & Policy Making • better-informed policy decisions • collective decision-making processes • understanding what is relevant to the public • monitor and assess the policy effectiveness • complex skills required • public need to take control of their own data
  24. 24. An open knowledge system • Promote open access to data and data literacy • European Knowledge Space, knowledge pool • on-line framework open to all citizens for research, analysis, debate and sharing • integrated framework of policies, incentives and ICT tools for sharing • rethink intellectual property
  25. 25. Benefits of the Geospatial Industry http://opendatabarometer.org/
  26. 26. Open Data Barometer http://opendatabarometer.org/
  27. 27. http://opendatabarometer.org/ Open Data in Europe 2018
  28. 28. https://www.europeandataportal.eu/sites/default/files/country-factsheet_france_2017.pdf Open Data in Europe
  29. 29. Climate-Water-Food Nexus • Climate Change manifests itself primarily through water and food • Admiral Titley, USN (ret): “It’s all about the water” – Variability • Too much • Too little • Wrong place, wrong time • Wet where it was dry • Dry where it was wet • Drier where it was dry • Salty where it was fresh • Change in chemistry • And the food: Increased water insecurity due to climate variability, both globally and in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), has a significant effect on food security in the region
  30. 30. http://www.digitalseed.eu/
  31. 31. Data Needs and SDGs
  32. 32. Data Needs and SDGs
  33. 33. DeFries, R. and Nagendra, H., 2017. Ecosystem management as a wicked problem. Science, 356(6335), pp.265-270. Grafton, R.Q., 2017. Responding to the ‘wicked problem’ of water insecurity. Water resources management, 31(10), pp.3023-3041. A Wicked Problem
  34. 34. A Wicked Problem DeFries, R. and Nagendra, H., 2017. Ecosystem management as a wicked problem. Science, 356(6335), pp.265-270. Grafton, R.Q., 2017. Responding to the ‘wicked problem’ of water insecurity. Water resources management, 31(10), pp.3023-3041.

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