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RepRap, open source
hardware and the future
       @ErikDeBruijn
Personal, domestic
fabrication

•   Science fiction or inevitable?
•   Why will it happen?
•   How fast will it happen?
• ...
Personal, domestic
fabrication

•   Science fiction or inevitable?
•   Why will it happen?
•   How fast will it happen?
• ...
fab@home
CC-SA-BY Webca




Founders: Adam, Zach and Bre. Photo: Courtesy of Makerbot Indutries.
CC-SA-BY Webca




Founders: Adam, Zach and Bre. Photo: Courtesy of Makerbot Indutries.
 
 
 
What's the
RepRap?

   A "3D printer"


              !
          or




          IN G
 "object fabricator"




       IP...
Nature

• Grows

• Regenerates
  (heals)

• Evolves
Adrian Bowyer   Vik Olliver
Not just copies of itself...




                          Video: From Darwin to Mini Mendel (YouTube)
CC-SA-BY Erik de Br...
version 1.0
CC-SA-BY Erik de Bruijn
- version 2.0
mini




CC-SA-BY Erik de Bruijn
RepRap
version 3.0?




      Video
Self assembly
Download: www.thingiverse.com/thing:978          Video

                                            RepRap
 ...
RepRap

 
Evolving mechanics




         Print yourself: 50 cents 
       vs. 88 euros commercially
Evolving electronics




                                     Integrated
                               Turn-key solution ...
Evolving software
Parametric design
    (OpenSCAD)
Evolving software
                                    Parametric design
                                        (OpenSCAD)...
Evolving software
        User s




Free 3D Modeling Software

-   Blender (GPL)
-   Art of Illusion (GPL)
-   OpenSCAD (...
Evolving output quality

 




        From my
    400 euro RepRap       From a 20,000+ euro
         Darwin       Stratas...
Evolving output quality

 



2006                      2008
New materials & scales

Pottery 2.0




         Grootschaliger printen
         Complete meubels
Digital pottery
Evolving infrastructure Thingiverse
Two categories
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g8SewJ2lyf4
The big picture


 - Many positive
   feedback loops
 - Leads to
   exponential
   growth...
Sampling the exponential
      growth rate
*



       Faster than Moore's Law:                      The community
       ...
Evolving infrastructure

Thingiverse
Content




     iPhone Dock            (Belt) buckle & strap   Tiny Open Source
                                         ...
Collaboration
"Physical content-reuse"
• Arduino
  Popular open source 
  microcontroller tool 
  chain

• Sanguino
  Arduino compatible...
Conventional Making
• Mostly inefficient.
• Quality is lacking! Non-replicable.
• Do's and Don't of Making!
Conventional Making
• Mostly inefficient.
• Quality is lacking! Non-replicable.
 
Do    Don't!
Do                  Don't!




     thing://1672
Spare parts
Threat or opportunity?
Making: Replacements or extensions

 
Replacement parts
   schaakstuk kwijt?
            
            
            
            
            
            
     ...
The commons repositories

Examples:
  • Wikipedia.org  > Knowledge
  • Youtube > Information and entertainment
  • Thingiv...
Content or innovations?
Toys (for all ages)
Content or innovations?

Coffee belt clip   iPhone tripod mount
Web 2.0 Mashups are soo 2006!
Content or innovations?
Robot modules or even complete robots




Micro 'factories' and complete 3D printers




         ...
Content or innovations?
Parts for self assembling systems that can be 3D printed
Open Source Fusion
       powered by 
    3D printed parts
• Online proposal for an open 
  source standard construction kit
• Extruded aluminium beam
• Suitable for mass production...
Thank you!
More info
                              www.Thingiverse.com
    Main project:
   www.RepRap.org
                          ...
References                                 My vCard:




• Discussion
• Further infomation 
   o My blog: http://erikdebru...
RepRap and personal fabrication at OpenCommunityCamp 2010
RepRap and personal fabrication at OpenCommunityCamp 2010
RepRap and personal fabrication at OpenCommunityCamp 2010
RepRap and personal fabrication at OpenCommunityCamp 2010
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RepRap and personal fabrication at OpenCommunityCamp 2010

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The RepRap project is a thriving community that develops an open source 3D printer that fabricates not only arbitrary objects, but also the parts to make more 3D printers. Besides being interesting in itself, the project provides valuable indications of the impact of affordable digital production tools. I will show how a distributed community is enabled to collaboratively develop not only the software but also physical innovations and content, independent of manufacturers. I will also show how a commons of open source 3D content can emerge and how this further lowers the barriers for individuals to innovate and express themselves. It is exciting to see more and more individuals empowered to participate in this expanded scope of open source. Possibly, projects like the RepRap will revolutionize "making" not entirely unlike the PC and Linux have done for computing.

More info:
http://www.RepRap.org
http://www.opencommunitycamp.org/site/?q=node/19
http://www.erikdebruijn.nl

Veröffentlicht in: Technologie
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RepRap and personal fabrication at OpenCommunityCamp 2010

  1. 1. RepRap, open source hardware and the future @ErikDeBruijn
  2. 2. Personal, domestic fabrication • Science fiction or inevitable? • Why will it happen? • How fast will it happen? • Tension between ease of copying and obsolete but powerful industries?
  3. 3. Personal, domestic fabrication • Science fiction or inevitable? • Why will it happen? • How fast will it happen? • Tension between ease of copying and obsolete but powerful industries?
  4. 4. fab@home
  5. 5. CC-SA-BY Webca Founders: Adam, Zach and Bre. Photo: Courtesy of Makerbot Indutries.
  6. 6. CC-SA-BY Webca Founders: Adam, Zach and Bre. Photo: Courtesy of Makerbot Indutries.
  7. 7.  
  8. 8.  
  9. 9.  
  10. 10. What's the RepRap? A "3D printer" ! or IN G "object fabricator" IPP Prints in (bio)plastics K (currently)  S Makes objects on- demand of arbitrary  shape.     Movie / Demo  
  11. 11. Nature • Grows • Regenerates (heals) • Evolves
  12. 12. Adrian Bowyer Vik Olliver
  13. 13. Not just copies of itself... Video: From Darwin to Mini Mendel (YouTube) CC-SA-BY Erik de Bruijn
  14. 14. version 1.0 CC-SA-BY Erik de Bruijn
  15. 15. - version 2.0
  16. 16. mini CC-SA-BY Erik de Bruijn
  17. 17. RepRap version 3.0? Video
  18. 18. Self assembly Download: www.thingiverse.com/thing:978 Video RepRap version 4.0?
  19. 19. RepRap  
  20. 20. Evolving mechanics Print yourself: 50 cents  vs. 88 euros commercially
  21. 21. Evolving electronics Integrated Turn-key solution  Modular Useful for experimentation  and custom setups 
  22. 22. Evolving software Parametric design (OpenSCAD)
  23. 23. Evolving software Parametric design (OpenSCAD) thingiverse.com/thing:591
  24. 24. Evolving software User s Free 3D Modeling Software - Blender (GPL) - Art of Illusion (GPL) - OpenSCAD (GPL) - HeeksCAD (BSD) - TopMod3D (GPL) - Wings3D (GPL) From: SketchUp Keynote speech - StructureSynth (GPL) http://vimeo.com/11322333 - Google SketchUp
  25. 25. Evolving output quality   From my 400 euro RepRap From a 20,000+ euro Darwin Stratasys Dimension 1200SST
  26. 26. Evolving output quality   2006 2008
  27. 27. New materials & scales Pottery 2.0 Grootschaliger printen Complete meubels
  28. 28. Digital pottery
  29. 29. Evolving infrastructure Thingiverse
  30. 30. Two categories http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g8SewJ2lyf4
  31. 31. The big picture - Many positive feedback loops - Leads to exponential growth...
  32. 32. Sampling the exponential growth rate * Faster than Moore's Law: The community is doubling every * transistors double in ~ 2 years 6 months and increasing 10- fold in 20 months! *Actual number of operators is an order of a magnitude higher, sample is 1/10 of population. Printer operator joined n years ago -->
  33. 33. Evolving infrastructure Thingiverse
  34. 34. Content iPhone Dock (Belt) buckle & strap Tiny Open Source Violin Working whistle Art and gifts LED candle covers (with pea printed inside)
  35. 35. Collaboration
  36. 36. "Physical content-reuse" • Arduino Popular open source  microcontroller tool  chain • Sanguino Arduino compatible system created for  the RepRap project • Now used in dozens  of other projects!
  37. 37. Conventional Making • Mostly inefficient. • Quality is lacking! Non-replicable. • Do's and Don't of Making!
  38. 38. Conventional Making • Mostly inefficient. • Quality is lacking! Non-replicable.
  39. 39.   Do Don't!
  40. 40. Do Don't! thing://1672
  41. 41. Spare parts Threat or opportunity?
  42. 42. Making: Replacements or extensions  
  43. 43. Replacement parts schaakstuk kwijt?                 onderdeel stuk?
  44. 44. The commons repositories Examples: • Wikipedia.org  > Knowledge • Youtube > Information and entertainment • Thingiverse.com > Things   Features: • User-generated  • Consolidation and codification of knowledge • Reduces duplication of effort • Non-restrictive nature maximizes value creation
  45. 45. Content or innovations?
  46. 46. Toys (for all ages)
  47. 47. Content or innovations? Coffee belt clip iPhone tripod mount
  48. 48. Web 2.0 Mashups are soo 2006!
  49. 49. Content or innovations? Robot modules or even complete robots Micro 'factories' and complete 3D printers Personal 3D Printer
  50. 50. Content or innovations? Parts for self assembling systems that can be 3D printed
  51. 51. Open Source Fusion powered by  3D printed parts
  52. 52. • Online proposal for an open  source standard construction kit • Extruded aluminium beam • Suitable for mass production: high up-front costs • Crowdfunded by 132 people • > 17k in pledges received in  months
  53. 53. Thank you!
  54. 54. More info www.Thingiverse.com Main project: www.RepRap.org Videos: www.youtube.com/erikdb Companies: , www.Makerbot.com Twitter: www.BitsFromBytes.com http://twitter.com/ErikDeBruijn My Company: Other projects: www.BudgetDedicated.com www.makerbeam.com
  55. 55. References My vCard: • Discussion • Further infomation  o My blog: http://erikdebruijn.nl o p2pfoundation.org o RepRap project: www.RepRap.org o RepLab.org - creating open replicable FabLab's o Democratizing Innovation (By Eric von Hippel) and user  innovation literature o Kerstin Balka - On the open design of tangible goods  o Thingiverse objects:  Personal 3D printer (thing:815)   mail-me@ErikDeBruijn.nl 

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