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Everything You Need to Know about Chronic Kidney Disease

  1. Everything You Need to Know about Chronic Kidney Disease
  2. Kidneys are a pair of bean shaped organs located near the middle of your back, at the posterior wall of your abdomen. They perform the function of filtering out waste and extra fluid out of our body in the form of urine. Our kidneys do other important jobs too. These include: Controlling chemicals and fluid in your body The Kidneys Controlling your blood pressure by releasing hormone renin Keeping your bones healthy by producing activated form of Vitamin D Stimulating the production of red blood cells by releasing hormone erythropoietin
  3. Kidneys are the vital organs of our body, just like our lungs and the heart. How Important are Kidneys? Most people have two kidneys, one on each side. However, you need at least one kidney to live a healthy life. Every 30 minutes your kidneys filter all the blood of your body. The filtered blood goes into the veins and back into the circulation. The filtered out waste and extra fluid from the blood is converted into urine, which is then excreted from the kidneys and is passed down to the bladder by a thin tube called a ureter.
  4. Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) At times, due to some external factors or genetic mutations, your kidneys can get damaged and cannot perform all the functions that they should. Chronic Kidney Disease doesn’t happen overnight! Known as Chronic Kidney Disease, the damage has lasting effect on your kidneys that can get worse over time and lead to complete kidney failure and even death. Chronic kidney disease can affect anyone— young or old! In fact, 1 in 7 American adults suffer from kidney disease — and most do not know it. It happens SLOWLY and in STAGES. Most people with early kidney disease may not know that something is wrong before some of the kidney functions are lost. The only way to detect and prevent the disease is through regular screenings and kidney function tests.
  5. Risk Factors for Chronic Kidney Disease You may be at an increased risk for CKD if you: have long standing, uncontrolled diabetes. suffer from high blood pressure. have a family history of kidney failure. are 60 years or older. are African American, Hispanic, Asian, Pacific Islander, or American Indian origin. are obese.
  6. Stages of Chronic Kidney Disease There are 5 stages of kidney infection. In every stage, the functioning of your kidneys diminishes and they do not function as they were in the stage before. The stages of CKD are determined by the level of kidney function through a test called glomerular filtration rate, or GFR. The number in the test tells how well the glomeruli are filtering waste and extra fluid. GRF Stage Kidney Function 90 or higher Stage 1 Kidney damage with normal kidney function 60-89 Stage 2 Kidney damage with mild loss of kidney function 30-59 Stage 3 Moderate loss of kidney function 15-29 Stage 4 Severe loss of kidney function Less than 15 Stage 5 Complete kidney failure When kidneys fail, a person needs a kidney transplant or dialysis to stay alive. While dialysis helps in the filtration of the blood through machines, a kidney transplant replaces a failed kidney with a healthy kidney from a donor.
  7. 1 2 Common Causes of Kidney Damage Diabetes Uncontrolled Diabetes is the most common cause of chronic kidney disease. A high sugar level in the blood damages glomeruli – the filters in the kidneys, which eventually lose their function and do not filter impurities well. In fact, they start filtering tiny amounts of albumin into the urine - a type of protein needed by the body. Having protein in the urine is a clear sign of kidney damage. To stay protected, you must keep your blood sugar under control. High blood pressure is the second most common cause of chronic kidney disease. It makes the kidneys work harder and can damage its filters. People with high blood pressure also release protein in the urine, which indicates kidney damage. High Blood Pressure
  8. Common Causes of Kidney Damage HIV, Hepatitis C virus and other viral and bacterial infections can also lead to kidney damage. Diseases of the uterus, urinary bladder or urinary tract infections can also affect your kidneys and disrupt their normal functioning. Similarly, accidents, trauma and exposure to environmental pollutants and toxic chemicals can cause kidney diseases. Smoking, excessive drinking and obesity also lead to CKD. Certain Medicines 3 4 Certain bowel cleaning laxatives can also cause kidney damage. Certain drugs or dyes used during x-rays and scans also increase your predisposition to kidney ailments. Antibiotics, diuretics, supplements, and protein pump inhibitors also affect your kidneys and make it difficult for them to function in normal way. Health Ailments, Injuries & External Factors Increased use of non-steroidal anti- inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs for pain or fever management can also lead to kidney damage. These include ibuprofen and naproxen.
  9. Signs of Chronic Kidney Disease Itchy skin Kidney diseases show no initial signs or symptoms. It is only in the later stages that people start to notice some of the most common signs of kidney damage, which include: Swelling in your feet and ankles Nausea and vomiting Muscle cramps Too much or not enough urine Reduced hunger Trouble sleeping Trouble catching your breath
  10. How is Chronic Kidney Diseases Detected & Treated? Since early kidney infection has no symptoms, people may not know if anything is wrong with them. Therefore, if you are at risk, you must speak with your healthcare physician and regularly get these following two tests done: A Blood Test for Creatinine This test is done to get your GRF number – the easiest and the most effective way to know how well your kidneys are working. A Urine Test The urine test will help determine the presence and amount of proteins in the urine – again a clear cut indicator of kidney damage. The treatment of kidney disease completely depends on the stage at which it is detected along with other associated health problems. Usually, the treatment consists of measures that can help control the signs and symptoms, minimize complications, and slow down the progression of the disease.
  11. How to Prevent Chronic Kidney Diseases? Chronic kidney disease cannot be cured. It can either be prevented or treated if detected in the initial stages. The best way to prevent chronic kidney disease is by taking charge of your health. For this, Keep your blood sugar and blood pressure under control. Take your medicines on time, as prescribed by the doctor. Follow a low-fat, low-salt diet. Include green veggies in your diet. Avoid processed and junk food products. Say no to carbonated beverages and sugary drinks. Quit smoking and drinking alcohol. Exercise regularly; include at least 30 minutes of brisk walk in your routine. Get your kidney function tests done at regular interval. Be careful while taking over-the-counter pain medicines and laxatives too often. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
  12. How to Prevent Chronic Kidney Diseases? At EPIC Health, we offer comprehensive assistance for the early detection and prevention of chronic kidney disease. Our expert urologists study your symptoms and associated heath conditions to score out your risk of developing the disease. Through rigorous tests and kidney screenings, they find out your glomerular filtration rate and/or the presence of proteins in your urine to evaluate the condition and functioning of your kidneys. Our in-house dieticians and exercise physiologists work with you to help you improve your lifestyle habits and inculcate regular exercise and healthy eating practices for your absolute health and well-being. Request an online appointment with our healthcare experts for kidney infection detection and prevention. We can help you live happy, healthy, and better!
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