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Science And Scientific Method

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Science And Scientific Method

  1. 1. Science An Introduction to Science and the Scientific Method
  2. 2. What is science? <ul><li>It is the knowledge covering truths or the operation of general laws obtained and tested through the scientific method . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This means it is about studying and testing stuff. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Branches of Science <ul><li>There are three branches of science. They all cover something different. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Earth and Space science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Life Science </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Physical Science <ul><li>Atoms, molecule, elements, and compounds </li></ul><ul><li>Energy, motion, forces, and work </li></ul><ul><li>Heat, light, sound, and electricity </li></ul>
  5. 5. Earth and Space Science <ul><li>Soil, rocks, and minerals </li></ul><ul><li>Fossils </li></ul><ul><li>Solar system </li></ul>
  6. 6. Life Science <ul><li>Plant, animals, and cells </li></ul><ul><li>Human body, diseases, and cures </li></ul><ul><li>Life, growth, and death </li></ul><ul><li>How all life is related to other life and to the whole planet </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Scientific Method <ul><li>Scientists use a certain series of steps in order to test something. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is called the scientific method. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Identify </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Observe </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hypothesis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Experiment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Identify a Problem <ul><li>The first step in the scientific method is identifying a problem. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask yourself a question about why something is like it is or what would happen if I did this. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Make an Observation <ul><li>What is happening or what is different? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is this happening or why is it different? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Form a Hypothesis <ul><li>A hypothesis is an educated guess. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is happening or this is different because… </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Test the Hypothesis <ul><li>This means do your experiment. </li></ul><ul><li>You experiment, then make your observations and collect your data. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Form a Conclusion <ul><li>Look at your data and observations and form a conclusion about your hypothesis. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>My hypothesis was correct or incorrect because… </li></ul></ul>

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