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Fast food and its effect on society

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Fast food and its effect on society

  1. 1. Fast Food and Its Effect on Society GroupB Eman AL-Zawwad Eun-sang Lee
  2. 2. Page  2 Contents  Introduction Group Members  Topic introduction  Main Idea – Health Effects by fast food – Effects of Included GMOs in fast food  Conclusion  Work cites
  3. 3. Page  3 Introduction Group Members  Eman AL-Zawwad – I am from Saudi Arabia - I have been in united states for one year. - I am a wife and a mother of beautiful girl . – I like reading novels , using internet and playing basket ball . – Also, like shopping and watching thrill movies .
  4. 4. Page  4  Eun-sang Lee – I’m interested in environmental problems and computer science. Those interests were made me to decide my major. As your guess, my major is environmental engineering, and I was received a bachelor’s degree in my major. In order to introduce my personality, first of all, I’m not an outgoing person, but I really enjoy to make new friends the reason for having new experiences. Please, come to me and be my friend and let me know if you have any question about me. At last, I’m going to cover GMOs part of our presentation and conclusion too. Thank you for your attention. Introduction Group Members
  5. 5. Page  5 Topic introduction About Fast Food:- - It's fast , easy, cheap meals that and fills you up. - You could easily eat all the calories you need in a day in one meal at a fast food restaurant. - Americans eat a lot of fast food.
  6. 6. Page  6
  7. 7. Page  7
  8. 8. Page  8 Nutrition and content  Fast food contain high sodium.  High percentage of cholesterol and fats  Protein.  High % of carbohydrates and extra sugar.
  9. 9. Page  9 Comparison between fast food and non-fast food.
  10. 10. Page  10 Fast food video  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OLQBOAjVJWU
  11. 11. Page  11
  12. 12. Page  12 Extra nutrition by eating fast food  When the body satisfy with all nutrition content , the extra nutrition will be saved in the muscle and liver. Also, it will go through vessels to the heart . What will happen then? Diseases ! Such as: obesity heart disease stroke many different diseases.
  13. 13. Page  13 One of the major Effects of fast food  Obesity .
  14. 14. Page  14 Obesity  Obesity is an excess proportion of total body fat.  A person is considered obese when his or her weight is 20% or more above normal weight.  The most common measure of obesity is the body mass index or BMI.  a person is considered obese if his or her BMI is over 30.
  15. 15. Page  15 What Causes Obesity?  Many major factors that lead to obesity such as:  Psychological factors.  Environmental factors.  Genetics.  Illness.
  16. 16. Page  16 The Health Effects of Overweight and Obesity  Coronary heart disease  Type 2 diabetes  Cancers (endometrial, breast, and colon)  Hypertension (high blood pressure)  Dyslipidemia (for example, high total cholesterol or high levels of triglycerides)  Stroke  Liver and Gallbladder disease  Sleep apnea and respiratory problems  Osteoarthritis (a degeneration of cartilage and its underlying bone within a joint)  Gynecological problems (abnormal menses, infertility)  *Overweight is defined as a body mass index (BMI) of 25 or higher; obesity is defined as a BMI of 30 or higher.
  17. 17. Page  17 Effect of fast food on society Health insurance
  18. 18. Page  18 Genetically Modified Organisms  What are GMOs? – Genetically modified organisms – Plants or animals created through the gene splicing techniques of biotechnology – Called as Frankenfood  Why are GMOs used in Fast food, and What is problem? – For example, GMO sweet corn is genetically engineered to be herbicide resistant and to produce its own insecticide – As a result, don’t need to spend money for using herbicide or pesticide – However, GMOs haven’t been demonstrated safety yet Cheap and effective, but can’t trust for our health
  19. 19. Page  19  The usage of GMOs in fast food – Corn (approx. 88% of U.S. crop in 2011) – Soy (approx. 94% of U.S. crop in 2011) – Animal products (milk, meat, eggs, honey, etc.) because of contamination in feed  The yield of GMOs in the world – In 2003, countries that grew 99% of the global transgenic crops were: The United States (64%) Argentina (21%) Canada (6%) Brazil (4%) China (4%) South Africa (1%); see the graph below, listing the acreage in millions for the countries indicated. The yield of GMOs in the world and USA
  20. 20. Page  20 How are the potential risks to human health determined by using GMOs? The potential risks to human – Direct health effects (toxicity) – Tendencies to provoke allergic reaction (allergenicity) – Nutritional effects associated with genetic modification – Any unintended effects which could result from the gene insertion.
  21. 21. Page  21 Conclusion Using fast food may cause Health problem – The most serious problem is an Obesity • An excess proportion of total body fat • Also, obesity causes chronic diseases – Coronary heart disease – Type 2 diabetes – Cancers (endometrial, breast, and colon) – Hypertension (high blood pressure) These problems can lead to rise the charge of government’s health insurance
  22. 22. Page  22 Conclusion  The safety of GMOs, which are included in fast food, hasn’t been proved yet – USA is the largest country making GMOs in the world – Moreover, the corn and soy, which we are eating as fast food, are GMOs – The potential risks by using GMOs are unforeseeable and critical No cheap products without reason
  23. 23. Page  23 Work cites 1. "A Collaborative Initiative Working to Ensure the Sustained Availability of Non-GMO Options." The NonGMO Project RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. 2. Dharmananda, Subhuti. "Issues Surrounding Genetically Modified (GM) Products." Biological and Environmental Research Information System (BERIS) (2005): n. pag. Web. 3. Smith, Jeffrey M. "Permaculture Forums, Permaculture Courses, Permaculture Information & News." Permaculture Forums, Permaculture Courses, Permaculture Information & News. N.p., 7 Dec. 2011. Web. 13 Feb. 2013.  http://www.fastfoodmarketing.org/media/FastFoodFACTS_Report_Summar y.pdf  http://fast-food-nutrition.findthebest.com/  http://www0.health.nsw.gov.au/publichealth/surveys/hss/05/r_eating2/r_eati ng2_barresp.pdf  http://www.webmd.com/diet/what-is-obesity  http://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/effects/index.html
  24. 24. Page  24 Thank you

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