IInf thte epigr isp drrawentation:
Toward the top of the paper, you are positive and optimistic.
Toward the middle, you are a realist.
Toward the bottom, you are pessimistic, and have a tendency to
Facing left, you believe in tradition, are friendly, and remember dates
Facing right, you are innovative and active, but don't have a strong
sense of family, nor do you remember dates.
Facing front (looking at you), you are direct, enjoy playing devil's
advocate and neither fear nor avoid discussions.
With less than 4 legs showing, you are insecure or
living through a period of major change.
With 4 legs showing, you are secure, stubborn, and
stick to your ideals.
The size of the ears indicates how good listener
The bigger the better.
How Others See Me
This lesson allows you to begin your journey into
understanding yourself which will hopefully lead you to
mastering yourself. You must aim to:
1. Use single word adjectives in describing yourself and your
2. Explain why your views about yourself may be different
from how others view you.
3. Narrate an incident in your life which is similar to the one
found in the selection.
4. Distinguish between figurative and literal language.
5. Unlock the meaning of words as used in sentences.
6. Differentiate a narrative text from other types of texts.
7. Use determiners correctly.
8. Write an anecdote following the features of narrative texts.
YOUR INITIAL TASKS
Task 1. How I View Myself (15 mins)
On a half-sheet of paper, complete the visual organizer
below by writing at five traits which you believe you have.
WHAT I THINK OF
Task 2. How Others View Me (10 mins)
For this activity, you will need a piece of paper, and
some tape. Write your name at the center of this
paper. It is advisable to encircle your name. Once I am
finished giving you instructions, you are to move
around the classroom, look for your classmates, and
write only one word on each of their respective
papers. That word must be an adjective which you
think best describes that classmate.
Take the piece of paper from your back and look at
how your classmates described you. Now compare the
descriptions that your classmates wrote for you with
those you wrote for yourself. How similar are they?
How different are they?
By: Ronnie V. Diaz
Write five questions about
the selection that you want
to be answered during
class discussion tomorrow.
YOUR DISCOVERY TASKS (10 mins)
Task 1. Using Context Clues in finding Synonyms
Encircle the letter of the option that best approximates the
underlined word in each sentence.
1. George could only stand in shock as Lilian tramped across the
field, her angry eyes latched on to him.
A. tread heavily B. walked slowly C. limped quickly D. darted
2. The vendor, hoping to finish selling his goods before noon,
ambled toward the group of clueless tourists.
A. crawled B. sold C. walked D. limped
3. While Jonathan escaped the accident with just a scratch on his
arm, his car was badly mangled.
A. spared B. scratched C. returned D. ruined
4. Lourdes watched the performance with apprehension; she felt
that anytime now, someone would make a mistake and the
audience would laugh at her class.
A. fascination B. dread C. rapture D. listlessness
5. The mayor denounced the kidnapping of the eight year old year,
and vowed that he would do everything in his power to get the girl
back and punish the kidnappers to the fullest extent of the law.
A. condemned B. criticized C. commented D. contorted
6. Kyla‘s lips started to quiver when she heard that her daughter had
A. close B. open C. shrink D. tremble
7. The prima ballerina snickered when she saw her main rival
stumbling over the new dance steps.
A. laughed derisively B. coughed politely C. commented D.
Task 2. Literal or Figurative? (10 mins)
Determine whether each statement below is literal or
figurative. Write L if the statement is literal (i.e. there is no
other meaning). Write F if the statement is figurative (i.e.
there is an underlying meaning).
1. Berto was tasked by Delia to kill Berto‘s adopted dog.
2. Centipedes often scare people because of how they look.
3. Delia‘s resentment toward Eddie could be traced back to
their mother‘s death.
4. Eddie saw his sister as a thorn on his side – something
which should be plucked.
5. Eddie‘s feelings toward his sister could be compared to
that of an overheated kettle.
6. Eddie‘s sister was stunned when she saw the centipede.
7. Even as a young boy, Eddie already had the instincts of a
8. For most of the story, Eddie and Delia were like oil and
9. Once, Eddie thought that Delia was extending the olive
branch to him.
10. Their father often told Eddie and Delia to keep the
Task 3. Locate, Reflect, Evaluate! (30 mins)
Locate information in the selection to complete the table
below. Make sure you can defend your answers.
Once you have finished with the table above, answer the
following questions in your notebook. Be prepared to
share your answers with the rest of the class.
1. Do you think Eddie‘s actions at the end of the story were
justified? Why or why not?
2. Had you been in the same situation, would you have
done what Eddie did? Why or why not?
3. Why is the story entitled as such? What is the title‘s
significance to the developments in the story?
i. the articles (a, an, the)
ii. possessive nouns
iii. possessive pronouns
v. indefinite pronouns
vi demonstrative pronouns
Definition of Terms
Adjective- is a word that modifies
(describe) a noun. Ex. Beautiful
Noun-the part of speech that is used
to name a person, place, thing, quality,
or action. Ex. Bag
Pronoun- replaces a noun or another
pronoun to make a sentence less
cumbersome and less repetitive.(I, you,
he, mine, yours, his, etc)
A word that introduces a noun.
Indicates reference to something
specific or something of a
DETERMINERS VS. PRONOUNS
FOLLOWED BY A
CAN NEVER BE
FOLLOWED BY A NOUN
My car is white. The white car is mine.
Both signals that a noun will follow but;
Adjectives may add its comparative (er-)
and superlative (-est) form while
determiners cannot add these inflectional
morphemes because they don’t have other
forms or synonyms.
Determiner + noun tea
the tea some tea our tea this tea
Adjective + noun tea
Good tea tasty tea delicious tea
Types of determiners
Definite article- the
Examples: Close the door, please.
The man is walking.
I walked to the market.
Indefinite article- a (used before a
consonant sound) or an (used
before a vowel sound)
a. I have a friend in Canada.
b. Maria saw an unidentified flying
object (UFO) last night.
c. Datu Ben heard a foot steps coming
from the kitchen but nobody was there.
2. DEMONSTRATIVES – this, that,
these and those. They can also be used
as a pronoun.
Demonstrative as a determiner
a. This camera is mine.
b. That bag is yours.
Demonstrative as a pronoun
a. This is my camera.
b. That is your bag.
Possessive pronouns (mine,
his, hers, yours, ours, their) can
stand alone and are not
followed by nouns.
Possessive determiners (my,
your, his, her, its, our, your,
their) , on the other hand, are
followed by nouns.
a. This is my house. (my is a
possessive determiner. It is
followed by the noun house
which it modifies.)
b. Is that house yours? (yours is a
possessive pronoun. It is not
followed by a noun.)
4. QUANTIFIERS- some, any,
few, little, more, much, many,
each, every, both, all, enough,
half, little, whole, less etc.
Examples: There were many
people in the street.
Little knowledge is a dangerous
Select the correct determiner for
1. Lisa saw (a, an) shooting star.
2. This is (mine, my) car.
3. The (more, whole) pie is for me.
4. (These, This) cell phone is big.
5. (That, Those) flowers are pretty.
6. (The, An) door is lock.
7. Mario brings (a, an) empty bag.
8. (Their, Its) Grade Point Average is
9. (Each, Half ) students will clean a
10. (Her, Hers) hair is very shiny.
a. Each group will write 10 sentences using determiners
b. The group will exchange their work to the other group.
c. The group will underline all the determiners used in
A. Study the following sentences. Choose the determiner that will best
complete each sentence.
1. ____ stolen cart was returned to the farmer the following day by the
policemen.(an, the, their)
2. . My father gave me ____ watch before I left for Manila. (these, this, an)
3. Liza tried to retrieve _____ cap, but she was afraid to climb the tree. (this,
4. The branch manager told his staff to make sure that _____ important
documents should be sent to the main office by the end of the day. (a, an,
5. Mr. Reyes told the restless crowd that everyone had to wait for ____ hour
for the guest speaker. (a, an, the)