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Options for Building Public Health Resilience within Smart Cities - Dr. Mahesh Rajasekar

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Smart City Summit, Surat 2016 - Options for Building Public Health Resilience within Smart Cities - Dr. Mahesh Rajasekar

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Options for Building Public Health Resilience within Smart Cities - Dr. Mahesh Rajasekar

  1. 1. Options for Building Public Health Resilience within Smart Cities Dr. Mahesh Rajasekar 26th November 2016 Taru Leading Edge Smart City Summit Surat
  2. 2. Source: http://www.ugo.cn/photo/nn/en/48759.htm Complexity of Urban Areas
  3. 3. Cost of health Population of Surat (Even if) ~0.01% people affected every year by dengue or malaria or chikungunya, Days affected Per day wage Direct and Indirect Loss per year This is a very conservative estimate. This figure is much higher in many of the Indian cities Medicines and other social costs
  4. 4. Is it only the poor? Source: http://www.jeweltreefoundation.org/diamonds.html Vector & Water borne diseases impact beyond socio economic barriers. Even if certain segment of the population do get affect the impact will trickle down to city’s GDP
  5. 5. • Limited Volunteers • Limited data especially spatio-temporal data • Limited coordination between departments • Limited penetration of the Information Technology • Designs do not cater to Indian Administrative needs • Data are not analyzed in time • Possibility of Errors • Much time is spent on report generation • Data interoperability does not exist • Translation of policy to action is still a challenge • Very thin budget Status of Health Monitoring in Indian Cities
  6. 6. UrbanServiceMonitoringSystem(UrSMS) UrSMS: Data Interface
  7. 7. UrbanServiceMonitoringSystem(UrSMS) UrSMS: Maps
  8. 8. Key Statistics : One Year Number of Reports from Private clinics Reports from UHCs Reports from Public + Private Hospital Number of cases (line listing) Total number of cases reported January 8,540 1,010 945 3,342 55,318 February 7,676 1,204 882 3,322 53,889 March 7,939 1,011 762 3,186 46,739 April * * * * * May 9,072 1,053 1,444 4,309 61,782 June 8,578 993 1,480 4,065 63,944 July 9,398 1,077 1,764 5,907 75,158 August 9,029 916 1,457 5,319 70,671 September 8,114 1,038 1,608 4,556 59,508 October 9,255 1,078 1,861 4,917 69,660 November 6,036 957 1,288 2,988 46,673 December 8,461 999 1,807 4,157 61,147 Total 92,098 11,336 15,298 46,068 664,489
  9. 9. Patient ANM Doctor Lab P Form UHC L FormS FormX 7 to 15 Days Report to National Program Patient Probability of Error High
  10. 10. FLOOD PRONE SLUMS & INCIDENCES OF MALARIA (INDORE) Risks and Impacts
  11. 11. Visualization
  12. 12. Disease Surveillance System Monitoring • Health • Water logging • Solid waste • Other services Covered over 500 slums during 2013 and 2014.
  13. 13. Urban Climate Change Resilience • Identify climate change hazard risks which intend to threaten the city • Identification of major challenges which city currently faces • To identify the inter-relationship between risks and challenges • To have informed discussion over risks, vulnerability and arrive at possible actions that could be undertaken by different institutions with respect to their ongoing and future developmental plans
  14. 14. Conclusion Collective action is needed across IOT’s and other smart solutions. City solutions of the people (supported by the government) by the people (empowering people to be data providers) for the people (last mile connectivity) Technology has never been a problem but integrated and coordinated functioning should take the center stage (across sectors)
  15. 15. Over two decades of unique consulting to bridge Science, Institutions and Society Interface www.taru.co.in Organization Email: info@taru.org, My Email: mrajasekar@taru.org Delhi M6 Second Floor, Aurobindo Marg, New Delhi Ahmedabad No 406 Ganesh Meridian SG Road. Ahmedabad ◘ Natural Resource Management ◘Governance ◘ Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change ◘ Water Supply and Sanitation ◘ Urban Development ◘Social Development ◘ Scenario Planning and Strategy Development ◘ Communications Bhubaneshwar Indore Patna Surat Raipur Our Project Locations

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