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Deforestation & conservation efforts farrukh

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Deforestation & conservation efforts farrukh

  1. 1. PRESENTATION OF PHYSIOLOGY-1 PRESENTED TO; MAM RABIA LIAQAT PRESENTED BY; FARRUKH JAMIL ROLL NO; 1131506-001 SEMESTER; 6th , B.S BOTANY UNIVERSITY OF GUJRAT
  2. 2.  About 11000 ago, before Man learnt to cultivate land for growing his own food, a large part of the Earth was covered with forests.  Today, six out of ten forests have been cleared, so that they now cover little more than one-fifth of the land on Earth.  Destruction of forested land is called deforestation.
  3. 3.  Deforestation occurs for many reasons; trees are derived charcoal are used as,or sold. for fuel or as a commodity cleared land is used as pasture for livestock,plantationsof commodities,and settelment
  4. 4.  The removal of trees without sufficient reforestation has resulted  Damage to habitat, biodiversity loss and aridity.  Deforested regions typically incur significant adverse soil erosion and frequently degrade into wasteland.  Currently, 12 million hectares of forests are cleared anually. .
  5. 5.  Biosequestration is the capture and storage of the atmospheric greenhouse gas carbon dioxide by biological processes  . It has adverse impacts on biosequestration of atmospheric carbon dioxide.  Because of this, merely replanting trees may not help in solving the problem caused by deforestation, for by the time the trees mature, the soil will be totally devoid of essential nutrients.
  6. 6.  . Ultimately, cultivation in this land will also become impossible, resulting in the land becoming useless.
  7. 7.  When forest areas are cleared, the soil is exposed to the sun, making it very dry and eventually, infertile, due to volatile nutrients being lost. In addition, when there is erosion, rainfall washes awaythe rest of the nutrients, which flow with the rainwater into waterways.
  8. 8.  Trees contribute in a large way in maintaining the water cycle. They take in water via their roots, which is then released into the atmosphere. A large part of the water that circulates in the ecosystem of rainforests,for instance remains inside the plants. When these trees are cut down it results in the climate getting drier in that area.
  9. 9.  The unique biodiversity of various geographical areas is being lost on a scale that is quite unprecedented.  Even though tropical rainforests make up just 6 percent of the surface area of the Earth, about 85 percent of the entire species of the world exist here.  Due to massive deforestation, about 50 to 100 species of animals are being lost each day. This puts the extinction of animals and plants on a massive scale.
  10. 10.  One of the vital functions of forests is to absorb and store great amounts of water quickly when there are heavy rains. When forests are cut down, this regulation of the flow of water is disrupted, which leads to alternating periods of flood and then drought in the affected area.
  11. 11.  : It is well known that global warming is being caused largely due to emissions of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Trees act as a major storage depot for carbon, since they absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere to photosynthesis to produce glucose which makes up trees. When deforestation occurs, many of the trees are burnt or are left to rot, which results in releasing the carbon that is stored in them as carbon dioxide. This in turn leads to Greaterconcentrations of carbon dioxide in the atmospher.
  12. 12.  1-Recycling :  we should recycle all the thing that are made of tree ex. Paper, bags, furniture, etc. because it lead to the less cutting of tree and also the products of trees will be used wisely. 2- Wood factories: we should stop or lessen the production in those factories that cut down trees to make their products ex. paper, furniture, etc
  13. 13.  we all know that the colossal cause of deforestation is people's needs from the forests. Even though we depend on the forests, we should learn to lessen our dependency on the forests and their environment.  So we need to use a little of them as possible and wisely.
  14. 14. Paper: paper is one of the most important things in the world without it we can't do almost anything. We can't study, write, learn and a lot of stuff which is impossible to do without paper, but many of the forests are destroyed just to make paper out of them. So lessen your dependency on the paper and try to use as less as possible and recycle them.
  15. 15.  After cutting down a tree we should plant two because this way there will be a balance of ecosystem and the rate of deforestation will diminish. Enhance ecosystem.  This method is followed for timberland wood where trees grown for paper making.
  16. 16.  The area around the Outdoor Classroom at SBWR showcased the diverse habitats of the Wetland Reserve, namely the mangrove, back mangrove, secondary forest and freshwater pond. Each of these habitats had its own uniqueness, which supported diversities of flora and fauna. A small spice garden was also planted to help the visitor link his new experiences of the Reserve’s plants to something he is likely to be familiar with.
  17. 17. “For in the true nature of things, if we rightly consider, every green tree is far more glorious than if it were made of gold or silver.” -Martin Luther 1483~1546
  18. 18. Wilderness and forests around the globe are being depleted rapidly, and are becoming confined primarily to islands, parks and reserves. The health of our planet’s forests will depend on how well we manage and protect the few remaining areas we have left. Forests are not only sanctuaries of wildlife, but of the human spirit. Every tree adds vibrancy, colour, magnitude, and they are vessels of health and vigour. Please, for the sake of man’s future, do contribute.
  19. 19.  Furniture prepration  Industralization for cash crops  Building material prepration  Housing management
  20. 20.  Disturb biodiversity  Ecosystem disruption  Causes erosion  Disturb hydrological cycles  Reduction of oxygen

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