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Micro teaching

  1. 1. Microteachhing Definition Micro means small ,microteaching simply means teaching in a small scale. “ A scale down teaching encounter in class size and class time”. (Allen 1996)
  2. 2. contd  A teacher education technique which allows teacher to apply well define teaching skill to a carefully prepared lesson in a planned series of 5-10 minutes encounter with small group of real class room student ,often with the opportunity to observe the performance an videotape.(Bush 1968)
  3. 3. Purpose  To help individual teacher to develop or modifying specific teaching skill under control teaching practice through immediate feed back.  To bring instructional improvement by developing effective teaching skill among teacher
  4. 4. Characterstics 1.It is real teaching that focus developing teaching skill. it includes  5-10 student  Duration of 5-10 minute  Small topic with few objectives  Limited number of teaching skill 2.It is highly individualized instruction. 3.It provides immediate feed back
  5. 5. contd 4.It provides opportunity to modifying the behavior by repeating the performance.
  6. 6. Prerequisites for microteaching1.Stimulus variation -maintain the learners attention in the class at high level. 2.Set induction- developing rapport between student and teacher that motivates student. 3.Fluency in questioning- use of higher cognitive level like comprehension, application ,analysis, synthesis etc. 4.Recognizing attending behavior- observing the students verbal and non verbal response to the learning situation.
  7. 7. contd 5.Lecturing – confident presentation and organized pattern with clear, simple and audible voice. 6.Non verbal cues- teacher behavior that encourage student active participation in learning eg giving smile and nodding of head as positive reward to students response. 7.Completing the communication- skill of following through the full cycle of communication
  8. 8. contd 8. Probing question-skill of asking question that invites student for further clarification by adding to the answer that they already have given. 9.Reinforcing learning- praising the student for correct response. 10.Illustrating use of example- giving sufficient example that are relevant to students experience
  9. 9. contd 11.Planned repetition- focusing and highlighting the main point and providing the progressive summary. 12.closure-those behavior that help learner to relate new knowledge with the old one.
  10. 10. Microteaching cycleMicro lesson (5 min teaching plan) Teaching session Discussion and feed back Re-plan lesson Re-teach another groupVideo or evaluation sheet
  11. 11. Teaching skill 1. Writing instructional objectives 2.Introducing a lesson 3.Fluencing in questioning 4.Probing question 5.Explaining 6.Illustrating with example 7.Stimulus variation 8.Reinforcement of learning
  12. 12. Teaching skill contd 8. Nonverbal clues 9.Increasing student participation 10.Using blackboard 11.Achieving closure 12.Recognizing attending behavior.
  13. 13. Step in micro teaching 1.Identifying teaching skill  Teaching skill is identified  The number of teaching skill to be developed or modifying.
  14. 14. Step in micro teaching contd 2.Planning for teaching  Write only few objectives that can be accomplished with in time limit (5-10 min)  Selection of appropriate content and teaching learning method and media.
  15. 15. Step in micro teaching contd 3.Implementing the plan or microteaching.  The teacher trainee teaches the lesson to small group of student which is observed by the teacher supervisor and ,peers.  If possible the teaching learning interaction is recorded on a video recorder.
  16. 16. Step in micro teaching contd 4.Playing back of recorded microteaching session  The recorded teaching act is played back and studied by the supervisor, peers and trainee himself or herself.  If there is no provision of recording video, recorded directly in evaluation tool.
  17. 17. Step in micro teaching contd 5.Discussion and feed back  Feedback should start with the strength that is observed  Description of situation, not the judgment should be given.
  18. 18. Step in micro teaching contd 6.Replanning of the lesson  Re-plan the lesson as identifying the teaching skill by incorporating the improvement considered necessary. 7.Repetition of teaching session  The teaching session is repeated as in implementing the plan or microteaching with improved teaching act.
  19. 19. Step in micro teaching contd 8.Replaying the recorded teaching act for discussion and feedback  The recorded microteaching session is replayed for observation and further criticisms in step 4and 5.
  20. 20. Microteaching session involve Involve around 5 R as follows 1.Recording 2.Reviewing 3.Responding 4.Refining 5.Redoing
  21. 21. Advantages 1.It is carried out in real classroom situation so teacher get confidence in such situation in future. 2.It helps competency in identified teaching skill. 3.Play back of the recording of the actual teaching help supervisor and peers not to depend on the recall but based their judgment on the review of the teaching act. thus assessment become more objective
  22. 22. contd5.The video recoding help to student teacher to asses own teaching. 6.The immediate feed back also help to carryout the re- planing and re teaching to bring necessary improvement in time. 7.It become economical, it takes comparatively short time and reduce the complexities of the normal class room teaching practice.
  23. 23. contd 8.It is more individualized it allows each trainee to progress at own pace. 9.It is useful in developing teaching efficiency in pre service as well as in-service teacher education programe.
  24. 24. Limitation of microteaching 1.The provision of video camera itself is an expensive learning resource. 2. The discussion and feed back, repetition of microteaching till the behavior of teacher comes to an acceptable level are very time consuming activities 3.It can not be used in all teaching method.

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