• The hypothalamus is a small important, part of the brain. It contains
several small nuclei with a variety of functions. It plays an important
role in the endocrine system. The hypothalamus is responsible for the
creation of many important hormones that affect your mood, hunger,
sex drive, body temperature and other factors. It is linked to another
small and vital gland called the pituitary gland which is also located in
• Located in the brain just below the hypothalamus. It produces
hormones that regulate the function of other endocrine glands. This
gland has two essential parts, the anterior lobe and the posterior
lobe. The pituitary gland controls the hormones that go to each of the
• The pancreas is an organ located in the abdomen. It plays an essential
role in converting the food we eat into fuel for the body's cells. It has
two functions, an exocrine function and an endocrine function. The
exocrine function helps digest the food. And the endocrine function
regulates sugar in the blood.
• The thyroid gland is a very important hormonal gland that plays a
major role in the metabolism, growth and maturation of the human
body. It helps to regulate many body functions by constantly releasing
a steady amount of hormones into the bloodstream. This gland
regulates, body weight, cholesterol, breathing, heart rate, menstrual
cycles, body temperature and other.
• The adrenal glands, located at the top of each kidney, produce
hormones that help the body control blood sugar, burn protein and
fat, react to stressors like a major illness or injury, and regulate blood
pressure. Two of the most important adrenal hormones are cortisol
and aldosterone. Theres two parts:
• The adrenal cortex—the outer part of the gland—produces hormones
that are vital to life, such as cortisol and aldosterone .
• The adrenal medulla—the inner part of the gland—produces
nonessential hormones, such as adrenaline.