Summery - X - Striving for better Environment Part II
Striving For Better Environment Part – II
Eco-efficiency can be achieved by
1. Use of alternative raw material
2. Shifting to renewable sources of energy
3. Technology that reduces pollution
4. Reusing and recycling waste
Advantages of recycling are
a. It conserves energy and raw materials.
b. It saves space used in landfills.
c. It protects environment by effective
handling of waste materials.
d. It reduces the cost of production.
5. Durable goods
Sustainable use of Resources
The world today is talking about the
medicines, housing, etc. True development
is one in which we achieve growth and rise
in the standards of living without harming
our environment. So the development and
environment conservation should go hand in
hand to achieve sustainable development.
Sustainable use of resources is possible
at all level i.e. at individual level, village as
well as international level.
At individual level all of us can control
usage of resources like –
Objectives of sustainable development
1. Reduce pollution by using eco-friendly
2. Restrain the use of natural resources to
ensure availability for the future generation.
3. Protection of environment
4. Social equality in accessing resources.
5. Continuous economic growth.
To achieve the objectives of sustainable
development, we should follow some simple
Conservation of energy
Conservation of water
Conservation of Biological Resources
Reduction in pollution
Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle approach
Enforcement of Acts, Laws and Policies
Environment (UNCHE) was held in
Stockholm, Sweden from 5th June to
16th June 1972.
In this conference, an organization
Programme (UNEP) was launched.
Vedic period. People used to worship
Sun, Moon, Agni, Vayu, some animals
industrialization and indiscriminate use
of forests for fuel, power generation and
irrigation resulted in large scale
degradation of environment. India is the
first country in the world that has
Provided constitutional provisions for the
protection and preservation of the
Parliament in 1981 for the control of air
pollution and preservation of quality of air.
The Environment (Protection) Act 1986
The Environment (Protection) Act 1986
came into force soon after the Bhopal Gas
tragedy. Thereafter which a large number of
laws came into existence as the problems
Hazardous Waste (Handing and Silence
zone Management) Rules, 1989
In order to manage hazardous waste,
mainly solids, semi-solids and other
wastes which are not covered by the Water and
Air Acts. Ministry of Environment and forests,
Government of India notified the Hazardous
Waste (Management and Handling) Rules on
July 28, 1989.
Control) Rules 2000
The increasing ambient noise levels in
public places from various sources, industrial
activity, construction activity, generator sets,
loud speakers, public address systems, music
systems, vehicular horns and other mechanical
devices have serious effect on human health
and the psychological well being of the people.
Silence Zones –
A silence zone is defined by competent
authorities as an area comparing not less than
institutions and courts.
Consequences of any violation in silence
Whoever commits any of the following in the
silence zones, shall be liable to be panelized
under the provisions of the act.
Handling) Rules, 1998
properly is a potent source of diseases like
AIDS, TB, Hepatitis and other bacterial disease
Therefore this waste needs prime attention for
its safe and proper disposal.
Biomedical waste (Management and Handling)
Rules on July 27, 1998
E-waste (Management and Handling) Rules
The E-waste rules are applicable to all
producers and consumers who manufacture,
purchase, process, mobile phones, TVs, ACs,
machines, etc. This rule came into
effect in May 2011 and specifies that it is the
manufactures of electrical and electronic goods.
The environment is a key subject that
affects us all. Protection of the environment and
the move towards sustainable development
remains a responsibility that must be shared
between the public, governments and the
animals and microorganisms. The reasons for
depletion of biological resources are:
To meet the increasing demands of growing
population, there is a pressure on land for
Increasing industries bring more land under
settlements, roads and allied infrastructure.
This causes environmental degradation.
Forests are cut down for urbanization.
It should be the duty of every citizen of India
to protect and improve the natural environment
including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife and
to have compassion for living creatures.
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