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Martin Weller: The Battle for Open - #EDEN15

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Martin Weller is Professor of Educational Technology at The Open University, UK. His keynote at the #EDEN2015 Annual Conference is captured on video and will be published on on EDEN's Youtube channel. Read about EDEN: http://www.eden-online.org

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Martin Weller: The Battle for Open - #EDEN15

  1. 1. So, I’ve written this book… Bit.ly/battle4open
  2. 2. Openness has been victorious https://flic.kr/p/nLotCV
  3. 3. But now the real direction is to be decided
  4. 4. This talk Why a battle? The roots of open ed The victories The battles MOOCs & the silicon valley narrative Conclusions
  5. 5. http://www.flickr.com/photos/clydeorama/5099069820/ Why call it “a battle”?
  6. 6. There are real areas of conflict Sign the CC- BY license!
  7. 7. There is real value to be won
  8. 8. The victor writes history – a battle for narrative
  9. 9. Where did open education come from?
  10. 10. Open universities – open access, entry. Focus on methods, removing barriers, not free
  11. 11. https://flic.kr/p/9Qqr3k Free software – emphasis on rights Open source – emphasis on efficiency
  12. 12. https://flic.kr/p/a1V3bz Web 2.0 - culture of sharing, open practice
  13. 13. Open ed is a set of coalescing principles
  14. 14. Common themes Belief in openness as public good Becomes mainstream Gets adopted and adapted Resisted – unworkable, low quality,
  15. 15. https://flic.kr/p/75LVJi Victories
  16. 16. Open access
  17. 17. Gold & Green route to OA
  18. 18. Major policies in many countries
  19. 19. https://flic.kr/p/8ezjoA Wiley survey - More than 50% have published OA
  20. 20. Laakso M, Welling P, Bukvova H, Nyman L, Björk B-C, et al. (2011) The Development of Open Access Journal Publishing from 1993 to 2009. PLoS ONE 6(6): e20961. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0020961 Growth of OA
  21. 21. OERS
  22. 22. Major OER initiatives in many countries
  23. 23. https://flic.kr/p/9rnT2E Open textbooks
  24. 24. Saylor: Increased enthusiasm for study (59%). Increased interest in subject (58%), Gaining confidence (50%) Over 30% of students reported studying their subject via OER before joining their course 60% CCCOER identified reduced cost of materials as a driver of student retention OpenStax downloads 120K times, leading to an estimated $3 million savings for students (Green 2013) Feldstein et al. (2013) 47% of students purchased the paper textbooks, 93% of students reading the free online textbook Impact findings
  25. 25. The battles https://flic.kr/p/aGe6WK
  26. 26. Hijacking ‘open’ https://flic.kr/p/aFgBVu
  27. 27. Udacity has an exclusive relationship, so Georgia Tech cannot offer its own content elsewhere. Udacity can, however, offer that content to other learners outside of the Masters Open as in…
  28. 28. Owning ‘open’
  29. 29. https://flic.kr/p/nczqTb The hybrid route swindle
  30. 30. Wellcome trust - 2012 – 2013, academics spent £3.88 million to publish articles in OA journals– of which £3.17M was paying for publications that Universities would then be charged again for (http://access.okfn.org/2014/03/24/scale-hybrid-journals- publishing/) 5-year mean: £1,164 – OA journals £1,849 – hybrid journals (Pinfield, S., Salter, J. and Bath, P.A. 2015) https://flic.kr/p/8chgS3 Double dipping
  31. 31. MOOCs & The silicon valley narrative
  32. 32. Education is broken. Face it. It is so broken at so many ends, it requires a little bit of Silicon Valley magic Thrun The models of higher education that marched triumphantly across the globe in the second half of the 20th century are broken (Avalanche report) The education space is massive, very broken” (Shirky) Education is broken. Someone should do something degreed.com “Education is broken”
  33. 33. disruption is a necessary and overdue chapter in our public schools. (Christensen) elements of the traditional university are threatened by the coming avalanche. In Clayton Christensen’s terms, universities are ripe for disruption (Avalanche report) OERs have not noticeably disrupted the traditional business model of higher education . (Korteyemer) A disruption obsession
  34. 34. Education is broken! Education is ripe for disruption! MOOCs are technological solution! Outsiders with new ideas! Irresistible MOOC story for media
  35. 35. “The failure of MOOCs to disrupt higher education has nothing to do with the quality of the courses themselves, many of which are quite good and getting better. Colleges are holding technology at bay because the only thing MOOCs provide is access to world-class professors at an unbeatable price.” A new narrative about MOOC failure…
  36. 36. Terms became taken over
  37. 37. SPOCs VOOCs DOCCs SMOCs Micro- MOOCs Massive Open Online Content Stick a MOOC on it
  38. 38. Creates false dichotomies Open vs Closed MOOCs as revolution vs MOOCs as irrelevant cMOOCs vs xMOOCs Commercial vs State Online vs Face to Face
  39. 39. A lesson from recent history
  40. 40. Lessons from the VLE Rapid adoption & mainstreaming Outsourcing & sedimentation
  41. 41. https://flic.kr/p/dNxyCd The charges Systems - privileges a technology management mindset Silos – does not allow for the benefits of openness Missed opportunities – learners use a system unlike anything outside of education Costs – drain the financial and also the human resources, Confidence – ed techs are required to manage the system (Groom J & Lamb B (2014) ‘Reclaiming Innovation’. EDUCAUSE Review, vol. 49, no. 3
  42. 42. https://flic.kr/p/fLj2C2 The cultural surrender of what openness allows
  43. 43. Remember those common themes? Belief in openness as public good Becomes mainstream Gets adopted and adapted Resisted – unworkable, low quality, You are here
  44. 44. The longue duree old attitudes of thought and action, resistant frameworks dying hard, at times against all logic