2. Monarch ( Ceremonial head of
state; succession by
( symbolically designates)
( Prime Minister and other ministers)
House of Commons House of Lords
(hereditary and life peers;
elect lords spiritual)
5. EXECUTIVE POWER
exercised by the United
Kingdom Government the
devolved governments of
Scotland and Wales, and the
Executive of Northern
6. A constitutional monarchy is a
form of government in which a
monarch acts as head of state
within the parameters of a
written (i.e., codified),
unwritten (i.e., uncodified) or
7. is the political leader of
the United Kingdom and
the Head of Her/his
8. is the statutory granting of
powers from the central
government of a sovereign
state to government at a sub-
national level, such as a
regional, local, or state level.
9. LEGISLATIVE POWER
vested in both the government
and the two chambers of
Parliament, the House of
Commons and the House of
Lords, as well as in the Scottish
parliament and Welsh and
Northern Ireland assemblies.
10. is the lower house of the Parliament of the
United Kingdom, which also comprises the
Sovereign and the House of Lords (the
upper house). Both Commons and Lords
meet in the Palace of Westminster. The
Commons is a democratically elected
body, consisting of 650 members (since 2010
General Election), who are known as
"Members of Parliament" (MPs). Members
are elected through the first-past-the-post
system by electoral districts known as
11. is the upper house of the
Parliament of the United
Kingdom, the United Kingdom's
membership of the House of
Lords is not attained by election
but is instead made up of the
Lords Spiritual and the Lords
is independent of the
executive and the
legislature, the highest
national court being the
Supreme Court of the United
13. Members of the House of
Conservative MPs- come predominantly
from professions and the business sector
Labour Delegation- includes a large
number of manual workers and teachers.
Representation of women and non-white
minorities has undergone slow
14. Commons: The Legislative Process
all bills must be passed by a majority of
those present and voting in both the House
of Commons and Lords.
both houses have the right to debate bills
proposed by the government and, within
certain limits, to propose legislations and
amendments of their own.
15. ELECTORAL SYSTEMS
Various electoral systems are used in the UK:
The First Past the Post system is used for UK general
elections, and also for some local government elections in
England and Wales.
The Bloc Vote system is also used for some local government
elections in England and Wales.
The Additional Member System is used for elections to the
Scottish Parliament, Welsh Assembly and London Assembly.
The Single Transferable Vote system is used in Northern Ireland
to elect the Assembly, local councils, and Members of the
European Parliament, and in Scotland to elect local councils.
The Party List System is used for European Parliament elections
in England, Scotland and Wales.
The Supplementary Vote is used to elect directly-elected mayors
in England, such as the Mayor of London.