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Library research skills slideshare version-classroomedition

A Basic Introduction to Researching Using Basic Tools Available at a local public library and in your home! Designed for the great Grade 10 class at Father Michael McGivney Academy in Markham, Ontario.

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Library research skills slideshare version-classroomedition

  1. 1. Basic Research Skills
  2. 2. What We’ll Learn Before you Start your Research  Basic Resources  Using a Library Catalogue  Using a Database  Using the Internet  Tips on Putting it All Together  Apply/Demonstrate What We’ve Learned 
  3. 3. First a Few Questions Who has a library card?  How many use their library card? Or have used it in the past year?  How many of you have a smart phone – either Android or Iphone?  How many have Internet access @ home?  How many are scared by this assignment? 
  4. 4. Where Do We Begin? A Few Things to Consider
  5. 5. Before You Start Your Research Have assignment sheet/project sheet  Know the topic (Preliminary Research)  Have all questions you want/need to answer written ahead of time  Ask questions - your teachers, your instructors, your librarians  Track EVERYTHING!  What do you have to hand in? 
  6. 6. The Three Basic Tools: What Are They?
  7. 7. The Tools  Catalogues – directory of what a library has e.g. books, DVDs, magazines,  Databases – electronic resources with current/historical info; controlled and scholarly-reviewed  Internet – e-universe of everything/anything; not entirely controlled, massive, but useful
  8. 8. How The Resources Work Library Catalogue Information Databases Internet
  9. 9. Library Catalogue Easy to use  Simple and Advanced Search  First place you should go to find material for your assignment  Need a library card to borrow anything from the library  Example: http://markham.bibliocommons.com 
  10. 10. The Database A little more difficult to use  Open 24/7, can use ANYTIME  Subject specific or general but can always find something on your topic  Full-text articles, or partial-content  Free to use, IF you have a library card  Example: http://www.markhampubliclibrary.ca click on >> online databases << 
  11. 11. But I don’t Want to Use Those…  Who uses those resources first?  Who uses the Internet first?  Who knows anything about Internet PowerSearching? Advanced Google Searching? Filtering Internet Results? Evaluating Internet Sites?
  12. 12. The Internet      Sometimes first and last source Can find useful AND useless information Easy to use; dozens of unknown, unused and powerful search features Always offer advanced search tips & search tricks Google is king of search engines, though there are a few others…
  13. 13. Evaluating Your Sources  What are you looking at when noting usefulness of a resource?  Origin :: Purpose :: Value :: Limitation A more in-depth explanation of evaluting sources can be found in your assignment sheets…  Other important things to think about:  Current? Validate another source? Filled with inaccuracies? Presents list of sources referred to in creating document? Are the sources OWN sources peer-reviewed and/or valid?
  14. 14. What’s Next? Breaking Down Your Assignment Question…
  15. 15. A Simple but Useful System Get topic(s)/subject  Get important terms/break down terms (note ALL synonyms or similar terms)  Terms + Catalogue+Database+Search Engine = Information  Jot down ALL search strings/phrases used  Create bibliography while researching 
  16. 16. Simple Rules/Strategy  Simple Rules:       This process can be broken down into 5 common steps known as SKILL: Summarise your topic in one or two sentences Keywords and phrases need to be highlighted Identify synonyms/ alternate terms and variant spellings Link your keywords and phrases Locate your information  @ http://www.library.uq.edu.au/how-to-guides/createsearch-strategy
  17. 17. The Last Stages: Taking All You Have and Putting It All Together
  18. 18. Putting It All Together       Have checklist of requirements; shape final work based on requirements Map final assignment Track EVERYTHING/evaluate resources Write/produce assignment (2 rough copies minimum) Review work (you or someone else) Looks weak? Re-write/Do more research
  19. 19. Sample and Demonstration: Applying What We Know!
  20. 20. Let’s Begin Searching  Library Catalogue e.g. Markham Public Library @ http://markham.bibliocommons.com   Database Searching e.g. MPL E-Resources @ http://www.markhampubliclibrary.ca   Internet Search Engine  e.g. Google (scholar & books) & PDF Search Engine – http://www.google.com
  21. 21. Extras  Mobile Site and Apps (for Iphone and Android) Markham Public Library App – What’s available, reserve items, library card barcode JUST IN CASE you forget your card  CAMScanner App – Can take pictures of print documents (e.g. book covers, specific pages in a book) & convert them (PDFs) & can email  In-depth Presentation found @ http://theinformationsepulchre.wordpress.co m/ 
  22. 22. A Side Note:  Expectations of Colleges/Universities:       Critical thinking skills Research skills Writing skills Using all (as they are interdependent) Most important is critical thinking Critical Thinking:  The kind of thinking which seeks to explore questions about existing knowledge for issues which are not clearly defined and for which there are no clear-cut answers.
  23. 23. Why is Critical Thinking Important?  In general, students who develop critical thinking skills are more able to: achieve better marks  become less dependent on teachers and textbooks  create knowledge (or a logical point of view)  evaluate, challenge and change the structures in society  Source: Orientation Lecture Series LEARNING TO LEARN: Developing critical thinking skills
  24. 24. Questions?