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Consola 1

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Consola 1

  1. 1. DINAMIZADORES 2007 <ul><ul><li>CONSOLA </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Consola <ul><ul><li>¿Qué es una consola? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consola : Una consola es una aplicacion informatica en modo texto, en la que el usuario puede escribir comandos (lineas de texto), para que esta las interprete y ejecute. Es el medio mas basico para que la usuaria interactue con el sistema operativo. </li></ul><ul><li>Mediante la consola, podemos dar ordenes que interpreta el sistema operativo, de la misma manera que el sistema operativo interpreta las ordenes que le damos mediante clicks de raton. </li></ul><ul><li>Nombres varios : Consola, terminal, consola de comandos, interprete de comandos, shell ... </li></ul><ul><li>Hay diferentes tipos de consola. bash (la que usamos nosotros), sh, csh, ksh ... </li></ul>
  3. 3. Consola <ul><ul><li>Prompt </li></ul></ul>Prompt : Carácter o palabra que identifica una computadora/servicio en condiciones de recibir comandos del usuario. [ www.cafeonline.com.mx/computadores/glosario.html ] Bash : [email_address] :directorioActual$ nombreDeUsuario : nombre con el que nos logeamos en la maquina. nombreDeMaquina : nombre que se le pone a la maquina en la instalacion (en redes locales suele tener un sentido dentro de un contexto, pero no es determinante a la hora de trabajar) directorioActual : directorio donde nos encontramos. El caracter ~ es equivalente a la home. Si la usuaria es saregune -> ~ = /home/saregune Si la usuaria es nerea -> ~ = /home/nerea Si el usuario es root -> ~ = /root
  4. 4. Consola <ul><ul><li>Directorio Actual </li></ul></ul>De la misma manera que con el konqueror navegamos por la estructura/arbol de directorios, cuando trabajemos en consola, tambien “navegaremos” por el arbol de directorios, y la orden que ejecutemos lo hara teniendo en cuenta el directorio donde nos encontremos. pwd (Print Working Directory): Comando que nos muestra el directorio actual. [email_address] :~$pwd /home/saregune [email_address] :~$cd Desktop [email_address] :~/Desktop$pwd /home/saregune/Desktop [email_address] :~/Desktop$
  5. 5. Consola <ul><ul><li>Parametros </li></ul></ul>Parametros : Los comandos en consola, pueden realizar diferentes funciones. Para especificar las funciones a realizar, tenemos los parametros. Estos son secuencias de caracteres, que van seguidas del comando a ejecutar. [email_address] :~/comando [parametro1] [parametro2] ... [parametro n] Ejemplo: [email_address] :~$ls (nos muestra el contenido del directorio actual) [email_address] :~$ls -l (nos muestra el contenido del directorio actual de manera detallada, permisos, dueño, grupo, fecha ...) [email_address] :~$ls -la (contenido detallado y ficheros ocultos) [email_address] :~$cd Desktop [email_address] :~$ssh saregune@192.168.17.117
  6. 6. Consola <ul><ul><li>Parametros (2) </li></ul></ul>Los parametros siempre van despues de un espacio en blanco. Pueden ser opcionales u obligatorios. [email_address] :~$ls (sin parametros nos muestra el contenido del directorio actual) [email_address] :~$ls /home (nos muestra el contenido del directorio /home) [email_address] :~$ssh (sin parametros no hace nada, nos muestra el modo de uso) [email_address] :~$ssh saregune@192.168.0.133 (necesita un parametro como minimo) Para ver que parametros necesita o puede recibir un programa, modo de uso y funcion del programa : [email_address] :~$comando –help o [email_address] :~$man comando
  7. 7. Consola <ul><ul><li>Modo de uso de un comando </li></ul></ul>comando –help: grol@bazinho:~$ ssh --help usage: ssh [-1246AaCfgkMNnqsTtVvXxY] [-b bind_address] [-c cipher_spec] [-D port] [-e escape_char] [-F configfile] [-i identity_file] [-L [bind_address:]port:host:hostport] [-l login_name] [-m mac_spec] [-O ctl_cmd] [-o option] [-p port] [-R [bind_address:]port:host:hostport] [-S ctl_path] [user@]hostname [command]
  8. 8. Consola <ul><ul><li>Modo de uso de un comando(2) </li></ul></ul>man comando : NAME ssh - OpenSSH SSH client (remote login program) SYNOPSIS ssh [-1246AaCfgkMNnqsTtVvXxY] [-b bind_address] [-c cipher_spec] [-D port] [-e escape_char] [-F configfile] [-i identity_file] [-L [bind_address:]port:host:hostport] [-l login_name] [-m mac_spec] [-O ctl_cmd] [-o option] [-p port] [-R [bind_address:]port:host:hostport] [-S ctl_path] [user@]hostname [command] DESCRIPTION ssh (SSH client) is a program for logging into a remote machine and for executing commands on a remote machine. It is intended to replace rlogin and rsh, and provide secure encrypted communi‐ cations between two untrusted hosts over an insecure network. X11 connections and arbitrary TCP/IP ports can also be forwarded over the secure channel. ..............
  9. 9. Consola <ul><ul><li>Navegando por directorios </li></ul></ul>cd (change directory) : Comando para cambiar de directorio. Si ejecutamos cd sin parametros, estemos donde estemos, la nueva ubicacion sera el directorio home del usuario. Si queremos entrar en un directorio que esta dentro del directorio actual (direccion relativa) : cd directorio [email_address] :~$cd Desktop home saregune Desktop

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