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Some thoughts onSome thoughts on
GangaGangaGangaGanga
RejuvenationRejuvenation
Concept:
D K Singhal
deveshksinghal@gmail.c...
RiverRiver GangaGanga….….
Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation,
October 2014
& its Problems…& its Problems…
Foreign waste (polythene, wood, used
items etc.
Effluents from various industries
◦ BOD◦ BO...
Foreign WasteForeign Waste
Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation,
October 2014
Foreign WasteForeign Waste
The best way to tackle this problem is to
discourage throwing of garbage etc. in
Ganga.
The not...
Sewage & Industrial EffluentSewage & Industrial Effluent
The biggest problem is from sewage,
municipal waste and effluent ...
GangaGanga! Not just a River.! Not just a River.
Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation,
October 2014
GangaGanga in Natural Flowin Natural Flow
Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation,
October 2014
Natural FlowNatural Flow
As the natural flow path is partly
obstructed by rocks, boulders etc,. a
strong turbulence is cre...
Natural FlowNatural Flow
For centuries, the situation had been the
same, but with time, pollutants increased in
number.
Sl...
Less Turbulence!Less Turbulence!
Due to less turbulence, dissolved oxygen levels fall rapidly,Due to less turbulence, diss...
What Can be Done?What Can be Done?
If we are able to (artificially) induce
oxygen to water, this will result in
increased ...
Adding OxygenAdding Oxygen
When we add air to water, DO
(Dissolved Oxygen) content in the water
rises. Good (aerobic) bact...
Adding AirAdding Air
For this purpose, I suggest installation of
fine bubble air diffusers at different
locations.
Fine bu...
Diffusers in ActionDiffusers in Action
Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation,
October 2014
Operation of Diffuser StationOperation of Diffuser Station
Well, to supply air to these diffusers, we
need blowers/compres...
DonationsDonations
Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation,
October 2014
DonationsDonations
Today, a lot of people are feeling ‘sad’ over
increased money with the temples
collected by them as don...
GangaGanga DonationsDonations
My idea is to set up such one station (as
trial station) with the donations obtained
from so...
The FirstThe First GangaGanga TempleTemple
The first station, may even be named as
‘GangaTemple’, may be set up entirely
f...
Donate Online!Donate Online!
There will be a system that the prepaid
meter present reading, and money
deposited shall be d...
For DevoteesFor Devotees
Seeing the performance is really an
important aspect. Many devotees like to
see their name for th...
Evaluating PerformanceEvaluating Performance
Performance evaluation includes the
followings
◦ A dedicated platform where d...
ScalingScaling
One can understand only one station will
not be sufficient for the 2500 Km stretch
of Ganga.
We shall need ...
ScalingScaling
Location of initial ‘Oxygen Charger’
station can be chosen where the DO
level is minimum.After successful
p...
My ContributionMy Contribution
While working on the idea, and preparing
this presentation, I have decided that I
shall don...
A RequestA Request
Please do share this presentation if
you really feel that it is a good idea
and you are ready to donate...
ThankYou.ThankYou.
Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation,
October 2014
About the Author:
Born in 1968, D K Singhal is B.E., M.E. (Pulp & Paper, 1993) from Deptt. of Paper
Technology, University...
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Some thoughts on ganga rejuvenation

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Another thought on how we together can help in rejuvenate River Ganga,

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Some thoughts on ganga rejuvenation

  1. 1. Some thoughts onSome thoughts on GangaGangaGangaGanga RejuvenationRejuvenation Concept: D K Singhal deveshksinghal@gmail.com
  2. 2. RiverRiver GangaGanga….…. Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation, October 2014
  3. 3. & its Problems…& its Problems… Foreign waste (polythene, wood, used items etc. Effluents from various industries ◦ BOD◦ BOD ◦ COD ◦ Color Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation, October 2014
  4. 4. Foreign WasteForeign Waste Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation, October 2014
  5. 5. Foreign WasteForeign Waste The best way to tackle this problem is to discourage throwing of garbage etc. in Ganga. The not so bad part for foreign waste isThe not so bad part for foreign waste is that it is generally of bigger size, and hence, it is very easy to remove it using good screening systems. Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation, October 2014
  6. 6. Sewage & Industrial EffluentSewage & Industrial Effluent The biggest problem is from sewage, municipal waste and effluent from different industries. This effluent contains pollutants whichThis effluent contains pollutants which result in increase in BOD, COD. Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation, October 2014
  7. 7. GangaGanga! Not just a River.! Not just a River. Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation, October 2014
  8. 8. GangaGanga in Natural Flowin Natural Flow Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation, October 2014
  9. 9. Natural FlowNatural Flow As the natural flow path is partly obstructed by rocks, boulders etc,. a strong turbulence is created, which results in increased dissolved oxygen inresults in increased dissolved oxygen in water. Water of river Ganga is said to contain good bacteria which, with the help of this dissolved oxygen, help in removing impurities of water. Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation, October 2014
  10. 10. Natural FlowNatural Flow For centuries, the situation had been the same, but with time, pollutants increased in number. Slowly and slowly, the flow is also being stabilized, and the process of oxygenstabilized, and the process of oxygen dissolving is reduced. This, clubbed with, increased pollution load from municipal waste, different industries and inadequate sewage treatment plants, has further increased the problem. Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation, October 2014
  11. 11. Less Turbulence!Less Turbulence! Due to less turbulence, dissolved oxygen levels fall rapidly,Due to less turbulence, dissolved oxygen levels fall rapidly, which can be seen in different reports.which can be seen in different reports. Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation, October 2014
  12. 12. What Can be Done?What Can be Done? If we are able to (artificially) induce oxygen to water, this will result in increased availability of oxygen for the bacteria, and BOD and COD can bebacteria, and BOD and COD can be dropped down. The whole river acts as an aeration basin on a conventional ETP with ‘Activated Sludge Process’. Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation, October 2014
  13. 13. Adding OxygenAdding Oxygen When we add air to water, DO (Dissolved Oxygen) content in the water rises. Good (aerobic) bacteria with the help of this dissolved oxygen, reducehelp of this dissolved oxygen, reduce BOD and COD, thus purifying water. Here, the idea is to increase DO levels. Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation, October 2014
  14. 14. Adding AirAdding Air For this purpose, I suggest installation of fine bubble air diffusers at different locations. Fine bubbles help in two ways-Fine bubbles help in two ways- ◦ The bubble comes up slowly, thus resulting in more residence time in water. ◦ The bubbles have much more specific surface This way, the oxygen transfer efficiency of fine bubble diffuser is high. Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation, October 2014
  15. 15. Diffusers in ActionDiffusers in Action Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation, October 2014
  16. 16. Operation of Diffuser StationOperation of Diffuser Station Well, to supply air to these diffusers, we need blowers/compressors and these need electricity to run. This way, mere installation of such units isThis way, mere installation of such units is not sufficient, we need to continuously monitor the performance and invest regularly. From where, we can get the money for this? Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation, October 2014
  17. 17. DonationsDonations Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation, October 2014
  18. 18. DonationsDonations Today, a lot of people are feeling ‘sad’ over increased money with the temples collected by them as donation. Often we hear voices that this moneyOften we hear voices that this money should be used for charity purpose. No, I am not talking of getting money from temples. Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation, October 2014
  19. 19. GangaGanga DonationsDonations My idea is to set up such one station (as trial station) with the donations obtained from some well wisher of Ganga, who can jointly fund the entire investment for ajointly fund the entire investment for a single station. The electricity shall be supplied at normal prevailing rates by the state electricity board, but through a prepaid meter. Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation, October 2014
  20. 20. The FirstThe First GangaGanga TempleTemple The first station, may even be named as ‘GangaTemple’, may be set up entirely from a corporate donar who wishes to fund entire investment for the same, withfund entire investment for the same, with one year electricity and operational expenses. After it becomes functional, devotees may donate for further operations. Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation, October 2014
  21. 21. Donate Online!Donate Online! There will be a system that the prepaid meter present reading, and money deposited shall be displayed online. Devotees may see the balance on internet. If they wish, they may donateinternet. If they wish, they may donate money for this purpose also. To see the system working a real time view shall be uploaded to internet. Every body knows that his donation is directly going for good for our Mother Ganga. Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation, October 2014
  22. 22. For DevoteesFor Devotees Seeing the performance is really an important aspect. Many devotees like to see their name for the donations they have made. When a devotee donates money,When a devotee donates money, depending on the amount donated and hourly charges of electricity, a time slot is allotted to him, which is displayed on the respective webpage and on an electronic sign board near the station. Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation, October 2014
  23. 23. Evaluating PerformanceEvaluating Performance Performance evaluation includes the followings ◦ A dedicated platform where devotees can go and see rising air bubbles themselves. ◦ Online display of DO levels at inlet and outlet◦ Online display of DO levels at inlet and outlet streams to the station. ◦ Display of total oxygen supplied so far to river Ganga. After successful performance, these stations may be developed further as “Ganga Temple”. Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation, October 2014
  24. 24. ScalingScaling One can understand only one station will not be sufficient for the 2500 Km stretch of Ganga. We shall need to develop many such stations.stations. Development of a single such station may cost around Rs. 30-40 L or so., with almost similar amount for annual electricity cum operating/maintenance charges. Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation, October 2014
  25. 25. ScalingScaling Location of initial ‘Oxygen Charger’ station can be chosen where the DO level is minimum.After successful performance of the same, more stationsperformance of the same, more stations may be added. Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation, October 2014
  26. 26. My ContributionMy Contribution While working on the idea, and preparing this presentation, I have decided that I shall donate at one day of my annual income for this work, if work is done onincome for this work, if work is done on this project. Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation, October 2014
  27. 27. A RequestA Request Please do share this presentation if you really feel that it is a good idea and you are ready to donate at least one day of your income for this holyone day of your income for this holy cause of River Ganga rejuvenation. Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation, October 2014
  28. 28. ThankYou.ThankYou. Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation, October 2014
  29. 29. About the Author: Born in 1968, D K Singhal is B.E., M.E. (Pulp & Paper, 1993) from Deptt. of Paper Technology, University of Roorkee (now IIT, Roorkee). He is a Certified Energy Auditor and Chartered Engineer also. With nearly 7 dozen publications, he has emphasized on development of low cost technologies and management practices for quality and profitability improvement. With publications on slideshare.net, energymanagertraining.com, IPPTA and paperonweb.com, he is also serving IPPTA as a member of Editorial Board. An initiative by D K Singhal, a cyber campaign initiated against unjustified targetingAn initiative by D K Singhal, a cyber campaign initiated against unjustified targeting of paper industry by “Idea” mobile, in their “Sirjee” advertisement campaign, after which this advertisement was taken off air. He also moderated aYahoo group,“PaperTechnology” with nearly 360 members from India and abroad to discuss problems related to pulp & paper making for five years.The group now is on facebook platform with nearly 800 members. He can be contacted at deveshksinghal@gmail.com Some Thoughts on Ganga Rejuvenation, October 2014

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