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Poetry_Writing supplementary materi

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Poetry_Writing supplementary materi

  1. 1. SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL FOR POETRY WRITING ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY - CENTRAL BRANCH Developed by : (siavash.khademii@gmail.com) Forouzan Dehbashi sharif (Ph.D.) Siavash Khademi Advisor:
  2. 2. POETRY WRITING Although we all may hear of poetry in our life as it’s as universal as language and almost as ancient, it may be interesting to know that even primitive people have used it, and the most civilized have cultivated it. People have read it, listened to it, or recited it because they liked it--- because it gave them enjoyment. Initially, poetry might be defined as a kind of language that says more and says it more intensely than ordinary language. So, here comes the question, how do we write a poem? to understand this fully, we need to understand what poetry “says and consists of.” Hello? (hello? hello? hello?) Is there anybody in there? Just nod if you can hear me Is there anyone home? 2
  3. 3. HOW TO START? • First and easiest way to start is to read a lot of English poetry so you get the idea how a poem is written.You can then start by imitating the form and style of poets you like.This task below would help you to take the first step toward a beautiful road. Let’s start by the poem 3
  4. 4. TASK 1 "fire and ice" is a popular poem by American poet Robert Frost (1874-1963). it was written and published in 1920, shortly after WWI, and weighs up the probability of two differing apocalyptic scenarios represented by the elements of the poem's title. Fire and Ice by Robert Frost I. Some say the world will end in fire, II. Some say in ice. III. From what I’ve tasted of desire IV. I hold with those who favor fire. V. But if it had to perish twice, VI. I think I know enough of hate VII. To say that for destruction ice VIII. Is also great IX. And would suffice. 4
  5. 5. QUESTIONS 1. Which part of the poem indicates an apocalyptic scenario by fire? The poet tries to build two different pictures of the world ending in them. Let’s analyze them carefully, shall we? Look at the first two stanzas again. 1. Some say the world will end in fire 2. Some say in ice. 2.The speaker weighs two different scenarios for the end of the world by using the word ‘Some’ at the beginning of the first two stanzas.What are the two ways that the world will end in his idea? 5
  6. 6. Look at stanzas 3 and 4 again • In this section poet is trying to talk about his wanting or his desire of how he wants the world to end.What is his desire? How does he like the world to end? 3.From what I’ve tasted of desire 4.I hold with those who favor fire. 6
  7. 7. Look at stanzas 5,6,7,8,9 together 5.But if it had to perish twice, 6.I think I know enough of hate 7.To say that for destruction ice 8.Is also great 9.And would suffice • If the world were to end twice, however, the speaker feels that, based on his or her knowledge of human hatred, ice would be an equally powerful method of destruction—and would do the job sufficiently MEANING 7
  8. 8. QUESTION TIME 1. In stanza 5, the Word perish refers to him or the world? 2. When the poet says “enough of hate” what does he mean? 3. Atthe end, how Robert Frost describes the destruction by ice? 4. What is the stanza, you may think? How would you write a poem yourself Like Robert frost? Let’s play some games to understand that ;) 8
  9. 9. LYRIC POETRY • Have you ever listened to a song by Frank Sinatra? Yes, they are poetry too, lyrical Poetry they are called. • Modern lyric poetry is a formal type of poetry that expresses personal emotions or feelings, typically spoken in the first person. • Let’s first listen to “Fly Me to the moon by Frank Sinatra” • Fly me to the moon Let me play among the stars Let me see what spring is like on A-Jupiter and Mars In other words, hold my hand In other words, baby, kiss me • Fill my heart with song and let me sing forevermore You are all I long for All I worship and adore In other words, please be true In other words, I love you • Fill my heart with song Let me sing forevermore You are all I long for, all I worship and adore In other words, please be true In other words In other words I love you 9
  10. 10. TASK Now it’s your turn, pick up a pen and write down anything that comes to your mind with your emotions. Start with this: Drive me to the mall let me shop everything I want let me see how much money we got! Come on, think about anything and start to write it down . 10
  11. 11. NARRATIVE POETRY • As its name implies, narrative poetry is concerned with storytelling. Just as in a prose story, a narrative poem will most likely follow the conventions of the plot including elements such as conflict, rising action, climax, resolution, etc. Again, as in prose stories, narrative poems will most likely be peopled with characters to perform the actions of the tale. • As you can see here, Narrative Poetry is storytelling, now you in a group of 2, first tell a story to each other, one listens, one writes it down.Then together try to make it a poem. Just like the poem we have here. TASK 11
  12. 12. DESCRIPTIVE POETRY • The definition of a descriptive poem is a poem that uses detailed words to create imagery of a person, animal, or inanimate object Task • Now, Listen to the poem,” I Think My Dad Is Dracula” from the book,” My Hippo Has the Hiccups” first. • Now start to write a descriptive poem about whatever you like, maybe last night’s dinner? Just remember to use the details and create an image for your friends. • I think my dad is Dracula. I know that sounds insane, but listen for a moment and allow me to explain. • We don’t live in a castle, and we never sleep in caves. But, still, there’s something weird about the way my dad behaves. • I never see him go out in the daytime when it’s light. He sleeps all day till evening, then he leaves the house at night. • He comes home in the morning saying, “Man, I’m really dead!” He kisses us goodnight, and then by sunrise he’s in bed. • My mom heard my suspicion and she said, “You’re not too swift. Your father’s not a vampire. He just works the graveyard shift.” 12
  13. 13. RHYTHM • The word rhythm is derived from the Greek rhythmos, meaning "to flow." In poetry, this flowing quality refers to the movement of words in the poem. Poets use rhythm for four specific purposes:(1) To increase the enjoyment of hearing the language. (2) To highlight and emphasize specific words. (3) To create dramatic effects. (4) To suggest mood Task First, read the poem, then try to write a poem like this one and pay attention to the rhythm of it. 13
  14. 14. IMAGERY • Imagery is a primary element in poetry. It encourages children to see, hear, feel, taste, smell, and touches the worlds created by poets. Poets use figurative language to clarify, add vividness, and encourage readers to experience things in new ways. The Path on the Sea The moon this night is like a silver sickle Mowing a field of stars. It has spread a golden runner Over the rippling waves. With its winking shimmer This magic carpet lures me To fly to the moon on it. Task • Notice the use of the word like in the first line. What are the commonalities between a silver sickle and a new moon? • Where poet uses a metaphor here? 14
  15. 15. METAPHOR AND SIMILE • Metaphors make comparisons between things by stating that one thing literally is something else. Metaphors are used to bring clarity to ideas by forming connections. Often, metaphors reveal implicit similarities between two things or concepts Examples She’s an old flame Time is money Life is a rollercoaster • Simile: Unlike metaphors that make comparisons by saying one thing is something else, similes work by saying something is similar to something else.They commonly come in two forms.Those that make a comparison using ‘as’ and those that make a comparison using ‘like’ Examples She is as strong as an ox She sings like a nightingale 15
  16. 16. TASK 1. Write down 5 metaphors that we use in everyday life 2. Write down 5 similes that you have heard 3. Now, with these metaphors and similes, first put words and sentences together without any rhyme and write them down on a paper 4. Now try to remove words to make it a poem like 5. So what is your poem like? Read it for your friend 16
  17. 17. ANSWER KEYS Slide 5 1. The first stanza indicates the apocalyptic scenario 2. two ways: one is the world will burn in fire, and Another way is the world freeze. 3. Ice and Fire indicates two apocalypses Slide 6 In stanzas 3 and 4 poet tries to say that Based on the speaker's experiences with desire, he tends to agree with those who believe a fire is a more likely scenario.  Slide 8 1. The world 4. In poetry, a stanza is a group of lines within a poem, usually set off from others by a blank line or indentation.  Slide 13 The sea is presented as large and dangerous. The author describes the sea as “giant and grey”. The use of the adjective “giant” makes the reader think of danger and something overpowering, showing that the sea is strong and harmful. The sea's sound is presented as loud through the metaphor of the dog.
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