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Micro teaching
Micro teaching
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Microteaching

  1. 1. SKILL DEVELOPMENT
  2. 2. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND  Term coined by Dwight Allen of Stanford University in 1963  Used for training of secondary school teachers  In India, D.D.Tiwari take up this work in 1967  In 1974 at Technical Teachers Training Institute, Chandigarh started this concept for training by Dr. N.L.Dosajh.  In 1976 it has been introduced as a part of student teacher training
  3. 3. CONCEPT OF MT  MT provides teachers with a practice setting for instruction in which the normal complexities of a classroom are reduced and in which the teacher receives a great deal of feedback on his/ her performance.  According to Bush MT is “teacher education technique which allows teachers to apply well defined teaching skills to a carefully prepared lesson in a planned series of five to ten minutes, encounters with a small group of real classroom students, often with an opportunity to observe the performance on video-tape.”
  4. 4.  According to Jangira & Ajit Singh- “ Micro-teaching is a training setting for the student teacher where the complexities of a normal classroom teaching are reduced by: * Practicing one component skill at a time, * Limiting the content to a single concept, * Reducing the size to 5-10 pupils * Reducing the duration of the lesson to 5-10 minutes.”
  5. 5. ASSUMPTIONS OF MT  Real teaching  Reducing complexities  Focus on training  Increased control of practice  Expanding knowledge of results
  6. 6. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN MT AND TRADITIONAL TEACHING  Simple versus complex teaching  Providing feedback  Size of class  Duration  Pattern of classroom interaction  Practising skills  Role of supervisor  Awareness  Score
  7. 7. MT CYCLE PLAN TEACH DISCUSS & FEEDBACK REFEEDBACK RETEACH REPLAN REDISCUSS
  8. 8.  Defining the skill  Demonstrating the skills  Planning the lesson  Teaching the lesson  Discussion  Replanning  Reteaching  Rediscussion  Repeating the cycle
  9. 9. MT PROCEDURE  Knowledge acquisition phase * to observe demonstration skills * to analyze and discuss demonstration Skill acquisition phase * to prepare micro lesson * to practice teaching skill * to evaluate the performance Transfer phase
  10. 10. INDIAN MT CYCLE  Teach 6 minutes  Feedback 6 minutes  Replan 12 minutes  Reteach 6 minutes  Refeedback 6 minutes Total 36 minutes
  11. 11. PRINCIPLES OF MT  Principle of practice  Principle of reinforcement  Principle of experimentation  Principle of evaluation  Principle of precise supervision  Principle of continuity
  12. 12. ADVANTAGES  Modification of teacher behaviour  Knowledge of teaching skills  Developing teaching skills  Developing teaching efficiency  Improving teaching practice  Individualised training  Regulating teaching practice  Real teaching  Reducing complexities  Focus on teaching  Continuous reinforcement
  13. 13. LIMITATIONS  Costly  Narrow scope  Disturbs existing time table  Presentation in parts  Difficulty in actually practice

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