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Dean r berry america 1920 1950 challenges part one revised 6-10-18

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Dean r berry america 1920 1950 challenges part one revised 6-10-18

  1. 1. America 1920-1950: Challenges and Successes BY DEAN BERRY, ED. D. GREGG BERRY, B.A. .
  2. 2. Free PowerPoint at slideshare.com Type in PPT title or dean r berry
  3. 3. 1920-1930 The Roaring Twenties: Social Change, Inventions, and Prosperity Free PowerPoint Version at Slideshare.com by Dean R Berry
  4. 4. After World War I ended in 1918, the United States focused on developing a better life for its citizens. People were working, earning, and spending.
  5. 5. Class Discussion  What do you think life was like for women during the 1920’s?  How were women treated?  What kind of careers did most women have?  Did women have much political influence?
  6. 6. The decade from 1920 to 1929 became known as the “Roaring 20’s” The economy was good and times were booming.
  7. 7. During the twenties, automobiles replaced horse and buggies in the streets of most cities in America. *
  8. 8. Many products like bread, milk, and doughnuts were delivered directly to homes by trucks
  9. 9. After World War l, Americans were feeling very prosperous and social changes were helping women gain new freedoms to dress and dance in creative ways.
  10. 10. With the social changes of the 1920’s, women began to wear makeup.
  11. 11. Women’s hairstyles became short and modern looking.
  12. 12. Let’s Review The roaring twenties began as a prosperous, creative time of social change. Many new innovations made a significant impact on people’s lives.
  13. 13. Class Discussion  What new inventions contributed to the daily life of Americans during the 1920’s?  Did Americans enjoy television, microwaves, or passenger jets during the 1920’s?
  14. 14. * Prohibition of alcohol during the twenties resulted in “speak easies” and organized crime led by mob bosses. It was also an era of political corruption and scandal. Nonetheless, it was a period of rising income for most Americans.
  15. 15. Just when everything seemed to be going great, a financial disaster shocked the entire world.
  16. 16. By 1929 U.S. businesses had over borrowed on the value of stock. On October 24, 1929, the stock market crashed and companies became worthless overnight. Some wealthy people jumped out of high rise buildings committing suicide. The roaring 20’s had come to an end. *
  17. 17. Many large companies and investors lost everything when the value of stock plummeted in 1929. *
  18. 18. During the 1920’s, the economy continued to climb to an all time high. But the bubble burst in 1929, and America hit bottom in 1932.
  19. 19. Class Discussion How do you think the average person was affected when major companies and investors went broke?
  20. 20. 1920-1930 Let’s Review
  21. 21. 1930-1940 The Depression Years: From Riches to Rags
  22. 22. The decade known as the 1930’s began a period in American History that was so scary for most Americans that it was called the “ Great Depression”. Many people could not find work and lost everything they owned. *
  23. 23. The initial stock market decline was just the beginning of the financial meltdown. When people lost confidence in the banks, they pulled out their money, and the banks failed as billions of dollars evaporated from the economy. Many companies went broke. *
  24. 24. When companies go out of business, employees are laid off. New jobs become impossible to find.
  25. 25. Long lines of desperate men and women waited for any kind of job that might be offered.
  26. 26. Class Discussion  When people lost their jobs were they able to collect unemployment insurance checks?  Could people go to the social services department and get financial aid and food stamps(SNAPS)?
  27. 27. Since many people had no money, they had to get in long soup lines just to get a meal. *
  28. 28. For many families a free loaf of bread kept them from starvation.
  29. 29. The 1930’s was a time of sadness and desperation for many people. The government was not prepared to provide any kind of welfare or assistance. Social Security for the elderly did not exist. *
  30. 30. Discuss  Has our economy had any problems during the last few years?  Do you know any one who has been unable to find a full time job?  What happens to people who are unemployed for a long time?  Do we have a safety net for people who are having hard financial times?
  31. 31. During the early 1930’s there was no such thing as social security or welfare for needy families. Hungry people found themselves in long bread and soup lines.
  32. 32. Even children found themselves in soup lines for their daily meals.
  33. 33. Most Americans wanted jobs not handouts. But they had no choice. They had to find a way to feed their families.
  34. 34. Despite the tough times, Americans tried to enjoy what they had. Movies cost five cents and sports heroes and musicians could be admired.
  35. 35. As bad as times were, people spent the little money they had enjoying sports, movies, and music.
  36. 36. Times were so bad that President Franklin D. Roosevelt had to expand the power of the federal government to help banks, businesses, farmers, and the poor. Government public works projects helped provide jobs for the unemployed. By 1939 the U.S. economy was better, and a war in Europe was imminent. *
  37. 37. On December 7, 1941, Japan attacked the American Naval Base at Pearl Harbor and destroyed a large part of the American Naval Fleet. The U.S. quickly declared war on Japan and Germany. *
  38. 38. A large part of the American Naval Fleet was destroyed in the surprise Japanese attack.
  39. 39. Thousands of Americans died during the attack at Pearl Harbor. The United States declared war on Japan shortly after the attack.
  40. 40. Discuss When was the most recent attack against the United States here at home? What happened? Who was responsible? What did our government do?
  41. 41. After years of war and millions of deaths, the United States and its allies decided to retake France from the German Army by invading the coast of Normandy. D-Day became the most famous battle in World War ll and enabled the allies to defeat Hitler and the powerful German Army. *
  42. 42. D-Day was a critical battle to end the war in Europe. For the next year, the U.S. was able to concentrate its forces in the Pacific in an effort to defeat the powerful Japanese Navy.
  43. 43. In August of 1945, after the United States dropped two atomic bombs on Japanese cities, the Japanese surrendered and World War ll came to an abrupt end. *
  44. 44. Let’s Review the Challenges of the 1940’s
  45. 45. 1950-1960 Happy Days are Here Again
  46. 46. After years of fighting a horrible war with Germany and Japan, the United States was ready for a decade of growth and “happy days”. The 1950’s was ushered in with “rock and roll” and “drive-in movies”. *
  47. 47. The middle and later 1950’s were calm and prosperous for most Americans.
  48. 48. Drive- in movies were all the rage in the 1950’s. Drive-in fast food chains also thrived. *
  49. 49. The first freeways in the United States were built in California during the 1950’s. *
  50. 50. The concept of building large groups of similar looking homes began in the 1950’s. Tract homes helped create suburbs around major cities.
  51. 51. Civil rights got a huge boost when the Supreme Court issued Brown Verses the Board of Education and ended school segregation in 1954. *
  52. 52. Class Discussion  What was segregation? How did it affect African Americans?  Do you think that the civil rights of African Americans have changed much since 1954?
  53. 53. Let’s Review the Progress and Promise of the 1950’s.
  54. 54. Prepare to Research  Use technology to gather information about the 1930’s and the 1950’s. Explore how historical events affected the lives of people who lived during those periods of history. The next two slides will clarify how to conduct your research.  This will be a short research assignment and should generate two or three pages of notes. The notes will used during the next class discussion to review ideas and determine the favored decade. 60
  55. 55. Research Topic Number One Research and study the 1930’s and 1950’s. Identify the successes and failures of each period. Examine the way people lived , the inventions that affected their daily lives, and the entertainment available. Review the hardships and prosperity of each decade. If you were to live your life in an earlier period of time, which of these two decades would you choose? Provide clear arguments with supporting details.
  56. 56. Essential Questions to Guide Research  1. What happened to the economy during the 1930’s?  Which inventions or new ideas were introduced in the 1930’s and 1950’s?  What was daily life like for Americans during both decades?  Was the United States involved in any wars during the 1930’s or 1950’s?  Were people able to get jobs during the 1930’s and 1950’s?
  57. 57. The following slides provide sources for the research project.
  58. 58. History of the 1930’s http://www.history.com/topics/1930s
  59. 59. Cultural History oh the 1930’s Excellent Resource and Hyperlinks to Primary Documents http://kclibrary.lonestar.edu/decade3 0.html
  60. 60. Daily Life in the 1930’s Excellent Resource http://www.thepeoplehistory.com/1930s. html
  61. 61. Life in the 1950’s  http://learningenglish.voanews.com/content/a merica-nineteen-fifties-family- life/1263187.html
  62. 62. Rewind: Life in the Fifties http://www.loti.com/fifties_history/lif e_in_the_1950s.htm
  63. 63. History Review of the 1950’s http://www.history.com/topics/1950s
  64. 64. Family Life in the 1950’s http://www.buzzle.com/articles/fa mily-life-in-the-1950s.html
  65. 65. Detailed Timeline of the Great Depression http://www.hyperhistory.com/onli ne_n2/connections_n2/great_depr ession.html
  66. 66. Over Fifty Video Clips of Life During the Great Depression http://www.bing.com/videos/search? q=Life+during+Great+Depression&q pvt=Life+during+Great+Depression &FORM=VDRE
  67. 67. Over Fifty Video Clips of Life During the 1950’s  http://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=life+du ring+the+1950s+in+america&qs=PA&sk=OS1 &FORM=QBVR&pq=life%20during%20the%2 01950's&sc=3-22&sp=2&qs=PA&sk=OS1
  68. 68. Write an Essay to Compare and Contrast the 1930’s and the 1950’s Use your notes to write a two page essay comparing and contrasting the 1930’s with the 1950’s. Provide specific facts to highlight the successes and failures of each decade. Would you rather have lived in the 1930’s or the 1950’s? Support your choice with clear arguments supported by examples and evidence. 74
  69. 69. Your Essay  Review the positives and negatives for each decade  Outline the details of your argument  Cite supporting examples and evidence  Determine which decade you would choose 75
  70. 70. Develop a Writing Plan  Determine what your main point will be, and write a topic sentence that provides focus for your essay.  Choose several main ideas that support your topic sentence.  Sort your information into supporting details with facts and examples. 76
  71. 71. Use the five paragraph essay to write your paper. 77
  72. 72. Details Must Support the Main Ideas Provide specific facts, examples, and reasons for each main idea in the body of your essay
  73. 73. Prepare to Write  Use your outline and write a five paragraph essay on your topic.  As you write your rough draft, it will be very important to use special words that enable you to transition smoothly from one idea to the next. 79
  74. 74. Transition Words As you view these words, select the words that help you make transitions smoothly from one idea to the next.  as a result  such as  for example  nevertheless  for that reason  finally  at this time  therefore  furthermore  in addition  in conclusion  as well as 80
  75. 75. Review, Edit, and Rewrite 1. Re-read your essay several times. 2. How can you improve your sentences to communicate more clearly? 3. Are your main ideas supported by examples and details? 4. Exchange papers with another student and read each other’s essay out loud. 5. Make final corrections and write the final draft of your polished essay. 81
  76. 76. Explore the Issue Does history tend to repeat itself? Analyze the economic collapse during the Great Depression, and compare it to the Great Recession of 2008. Are these completely different situations or examples of history repeating itself? Be prepared to construct two columns of information about both the Great Depression and the Great Recession listing major differences and major similarities. 82
  77. 77. Take a Pro or Con Position  In order to make a convincing argument, it is very important to evaluate the facts and see if they support your position regarding history repeating itself.  The first step is to ask relevant questions that will guide your investigation of the evidence. 83
  78. 78. Inquiring Minds want to Know Essential Questions  Were there similarities in the causes of the Great Depression and the Great Recession of 2008?  Were the actions of the federal government similar in both economic collapses?  What happened to the financial institutions during both economic downturns.  Did both economic downturns affect Americans in similar ways?  How long did these events last? 84
  79. 79. Conduct the Research  Identify specific questions about the issue to guide your investigation of the facts.  Determine if the evidence is credible and supports your main arguments.  Use internet and book sources to gather credible information. 85
  80. 80. The Proof is in the Pudding  The Issue: Does history repeat itself? Compare the Great Depression with the Great Recession of 2008.  Your assignment is to research this issue, take a position, support your arguments with sufficient evidence, and write a report to convince others of your point of view. 86
  81. 81. The following slides provide sources for the research project.
  82. 82. The Great Depression  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VpKmfjf5tUk
  83. 83. The Great Depression video  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S4aPi0ZgN0E
  84. 84. Comparing the Great Depression and Recession of 2008 Excellent Source http://www.thegreatdepressioncauses.co m/then-and-now.html
  85. 85. Causes of the Great Depression http://www.thegreatdepressioncauses.co m/causes.html
  86. 86. Causes of the Great Depression Video Clip  http://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=causes+of+the+great+depression +powerpoint&qs=AS&sk=VI1AS2&FORM=QBVR&pq=causes%20of%20th e%20great%20depression&sc=8- 30&sp=4&qs=AS&sk=VI1AS2#view=detail&mid=CE94D6F38431C5A6714 CCE94D6F38431C5A6714C
  87. 87. Causes of the Recession of 2008 Many Video Clips http://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=c auses+of+the+American+recession+of+ 2008&go=&qs=n&form=QBVR&pq=cau ses+of+the+american+recession+of+20 08&sc=0-33&sp=-1&sk=
  88. 88. Causes of the Great Recession http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great _Recession
  89. 89. A Brief Overview of the Great Recession of 2008 http://stateofworkingamerica.org/ great-recession/
  90. 90. Develop a Writing Plan  Determine what your main point will be, and write a topic sentence that provides focus for your essay.  Choose several main ideas that support your topic sentence.  Sort your information into supporting details with facts and examples. 96
  91. 91. Use the five paragraph essay format to write your paper about history repeating itself. 97
  92. 92. Details Must Support the Main Ideas Provide specific facts, examples, and reasons for each main idea in the body of your essay
  93. 93. Prepare to Write Use your outline and write a five paragraph essay on your topic. As you write your rough draft, it will be very important to use special words that enable you to transition smoothly from one idea to the next. 99
  94. 94. Transition Words As you view these words, select the words that help you make transitions smoothly from one idea to the next.  as a result  such as  for example  nevertheless  for that reason  finally  at this time  therefore  furthermore  in addition  in conclusion  as well as 100
  95. 95. Relevance to the Real World The final conclusion of your paper should explain why your point of view on the issue is important for the future. Answer these questions as you write your conclusion. 1. Why is your issue important to our world? 2. Why should anyone care about it? 3. What would be the negative results if your recommendations are not followed?
  96. 96. Review, Edit, and Rewrite 1. Re-read your essay several times. 2. How can you improve your sentences to communicate more clearly? 3. Are your main ideas supported by examples and details? 4. Exchange papers with another student and read each other’s essay out loud. 5. Make final corrections and write the final draft of your polished essay. 102
  97. 97. Conducting Your Research Choose a decade of American history that you would like to investigate. Gather information about the people and events that helped shape the successes and failures of the period. Explore those areas you find most interesting.
  98. 98. Essential Questions to Guide Your Research  Think about the decade you selected and consider these questions:  1. Was this a decade of prosperity or recession?  Were the political leaders held in high esteem or was there discontent with their leadership?  Was this a decade of peace or war?  What kind of social or cultural changes were occurring during this period?  What technology or innovative ideas had an impact on people’s lives?
  99. 99. The Great Depression http://www.youtube.com/watc h?v=VpKmfjf5tUk
  100. 100. The Great Depression http://www.youtube.com/watch?v =S4aPi0ZgN0E
  101. 101. 1950’s Happy Days? :Weigh the evidence http://docsteach.org/activit ies/12689
  102. 102. Japanese Internment Camps:Weigh the Evidence  http://docsteach.org/activities/9514/detail?mode=browse&menu=closed& type%5B%5D=weighing-the-evidence&sortBy=title&page=6
  103. 103. The New Deal and the Depression: Weighing the Evidence http://docsteach.org/activities/10424/det ail?mode=browse&menu=closed&type% 5B%5D=weighing-the- evidence&sortBy=title&page=6
  104. 104. The Changing Role of women: Making Connections http://docsteach.org/activities/89 44/detail?mode=browse&menu= closed&type%5B%5D=making- connections&sortBy=title&page= 2
  105. 105. Research Websites for History With Hyperlinks 1. http://britannica.com 2. http://theusaonline.com 3. http://americanhistory.about.com 4. http://infoplease.com 5. http://enwikipedia.org
  106. 106. Research Websites for History With Hyperlinks 6. http://history.com 7. http://pbs.org 8. http://bbc.co.uk/history
  107. 107. America’s Library of History Resources http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/index.ph p
  108. 108. History of the 1930’s http://www.history.com/topics/1930s
  109. 109. Cultural History oh the 1930’s Excellent Resource and Hyperlinks to Primary Documents http://kclibrary.lonestar.edu/decade3 0.html
  110. 110. Daily Life in the 1930’s Excellent Resource http://www.thepeoplehistory.com/1930s. html
  111. 111. Life in the 1950’s  http://learningenglish.voanews.com/content/a merica-nineteen-fifties-family- life/1263187.html
  112. 112. Rewind: Life in the Fifties http://www.loti.com/fifties_history/lif e_in_the_1950s.htm
  113. 113. History Review of the 1950’s http://www.history.com/topics/1950s
  114. 114. Family Life in the 1950’s http://www.buzzle.com/articles/family- life-in-the-1950s.html
  115. 115. Over Fifty Video Clips of Life During the Great Depression http://www.bing.com/videos/search? q=Life+during+Great+Depression&q pvt=Life+during+Great+Depression &FORM=VDRE
  116. 116. Over Fifty Video Clips of Life During the 1950’s  http://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=life+du ring+the+1950s+in+america&qs=PA&sk=OS1 &FORM=QBVR&pq=life%20during%20the%2 01950's&sc=3-22&sp=2&qs=PA&sk=OS1
  117. 117. Over Fifty Video Clips of Life During The 1940’s http://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=lif e+during+the+1940s&qs=OS&sk=&FOR M=QBVR&pq=life%20during%20the%20 1940's&sc=2-22&sp=1&qs=OS&sk=
  118. 118. Top Ten Events of the 1940s http://www.examiner.com/article/ top-10-historical-events-of-the- 1940s
  119. 119. The 1940’s http://kclibrary.lonestar.edu/deca de40.html
  120. 120. Overview of the 1940s http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1940 s
  121. 121. Cultural History of the 1920s http://kclibrary.lonestar.edu/deca de20.html
  122. 122. The Roaring Twenties: 1920-1929 http://www.history.com/topics/ro aring-twenties
  123. 123. Great Web Sites for the 1920s http://www.besthistorysites.net/in dex.php/american- history/1900/roaring-20s
  124. 124. Student Info for the 1920s http://www.kidinfo.com/american _history/roaring_twenties.html
  125. 125. Prohibition During the 1920s http://history.howstuffworks.com/ historical-events/prohibition4.htm
  126. 126. Ku Klux Klan During the 1920s http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americ anexperience/features/general- article/flood-klan/
  127. 127. Facts of World War ll: 1940s http://www.cnn.com/2013/07/09/ world/world-war-ii-fast-facts/
  128. 128. Final Unit Test Modern History Decades 1920-1950  1. Compare and contrast the 1930’s with the 1950’s. Describe the successes and problems that shaped each decade. Decide which decade created the most hardships for the average person. Support your answer with clearly stated arguments. 134
  129. 129.  2. During the Great Depression and the Great recession of 2008 the U.S. economy was in a downward spiral. Compare the two events and explain how they were similar and how they were different. Could this be an example of history repeating itself? Defend your position with evidence.  3. Select one decade between 1920 and 1950 and describe the social or cultural changes that occurred. Explain how the lives of people were affected by events like war or economic problems. How did technology and innovation change people’s lives?
  130. 130. Roaring Twenties: Pop Culture https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=l-wIdv70II4
  131. 131. Prohibition in the 1920’s 3 min Animated https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_ uU9GMJ8a5w
  132. 132. Roaring Twenties 3 min captioned/ Music Great from Notes  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eoy9ih8Be QE
  133. 133. The Great Depression Animated 2 min https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S v7IP2qL0gg
  134. 134. The Great Depression Rap 4 min Excellent!!!  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fFu7us6b NSQ
  135. 135. What Caused the Great Depression: A Lesson in Economics 7 min Excellent for note taking(captioned https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fdCs 804DJnY
  136. 136. The Great Depression 4 min History Channel Very Good https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f 8k0jJdqKP0
  137. 137. Hard Times Come Again No More 4 min Pics Song/Lyrics Excellent https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=KZsO348BOW0
  138. 138. The Forties: The Decade 9 min Excellent https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lx8is 6lR6NU
  139. 139. The Fabulous Forties 7 Min Excellent Pics Music Great for Notes https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lHAnS S_5MhE
  140. 140. Women in the 1940’s and 1950’s 11 min Excellent!!! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nRSa MKNi6Do
  141. 141. A Brief Overview of World War ll 3 min animated Excellent https://www.youtube.com/watch?v= HUqy-OQvVtI
  142. 142. Atomic Bomb Dropped on Japan 3 min Excellent https://www.youtube.com/watch?v= Hgp6ZH-by-E
  143. 143. Snapshot the Decades 1950’s 9 min excellent!!! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gmg HezfGq7U
  144. 144. Snapshot of the Decades 1930’s 9 min Excellent https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=XLISr0lVTuM
  145. 145. Snapshot The Decades 1920’s 9 min Excellent!!! https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=AnCVV3Xr6qE
  146. 146. Snapshot of the Decades 1940’s 9 min Excellent!!!  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lx8is6lR6 NU
  147. 147. Happy Days the 1950’s 2 min Excellent Overview Music Easy for Notetaking https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dv3C a3Ece5A
  148. 148. Korean War 1950-1953 4 min animated https://www.youtube.com/wat ch?v=yxaegqvl4aE
  149. 149. Atomic Bombs in Japan 4 min excellent https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=v5OI9xrJ8Zw
  150. 150. World War ll Intense Combat 6 min of live film footage https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c PJFwkuAuNs
  151. 151. Class Check-up and Review RAISE YOUR GREEN CARD IF YOU BELIEVE THE STATEMENT IS TRUE OR YOUR RED CARD IF YOU THINK IT IS FALSE.
  152. 152. True or False-1 During the Great Depression most families did not make much money, but 95% of the people were employed.
  153. 153. False-1
  154. 154. True or False-2 The 1950’s was a decade that introduced freeways, suburbs, drive-in movies, and fast food.
  155. 155. True-2
  156. 156. True or False-3 After the Stock Market Crash of 1929, the country went through a very prosperous period for the next decade.
  157. 157. False-3
  158. 158. True or False-4 The 1940’s was a decade of peace throughout the world and was highlighted by a festive gathering of countries at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
  159. 159. False-4
  160. 160. True or False-5 After World War I ended, the 1920’s became a prosperous period known for “speakeasies,” jazz, fast dancing, gangsters, and automobiles.
  161. 161. True-5
  162. 162. True or False-6 During the 1950’s, President Bush was elected, cell phones became popular, and the internet became available.
  163. 163. False-6

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  • giusigualtieri54

    Mar. 14, 2021

Great PPT for students

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