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Detailed Lesson Plan on Active and Passive Voice

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Detailed Lesson Plan on Active and Passive Voice

  1. 1. 1 CENTRAL BICOL STATE UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE San Jose, Pili, Camarines Sur COLLEGE OF DEVELOPMENT EDUCATION AY 2013-2014 July 25, 2014 DETAILED LESSON PLAN I. Objectives: At the end of the 30 minute lesson, 7 5% of the students are expected to: 1. Determine whether the sentences are in active or passive voice. 2. Recognize the pattern in an active voice sentence and passive voice sentence. 3. Rewrite the passive voice sentence into as active v oice sentence and vice versa. II. Subject Matter 1. Topic: Voice of the Verb (Active and Passive Voices) 2. Reference: a. englishforeveryone.org b. Dalida, Elvira P. Grammar Enhancers III, p.26 c. Villados, Adeline V., Grammar Enhancers II, p. 132 d. http://www.stevespanglerscience.com/experiment/00000066 3. Materials: Projector, netbook, markers, manila papers, plate, milk, dishwashing liquid, food coloring, cotton buds 4. Skills to be developed: critical thinking, analyzing, decision making, time managing 5. Values Integration: cooperation, self-esteem, optimism, appreciation 6. Methodology: 4A ’s III. Procedure Time Frame Teach er ’s Hint Teach er ’s Activ ity Stu dent’s Activ ity IM’s (in minutes) 7 I. Routine A. Greetings B. Prayers C. Classroom Management D. Checking of Attendance E. Checking of Assignments F. Motivation Good morning class! Did you have a good night sleep? Does it mean that I can expect all of your active participation? Is that an agreement? Thank you! Before we begin the lesson this morning, let us ask the guidance of almighty God and let us enlighten our mind to completely understand the lesson this morning. Would you please lead the prayer? Class, kindly arrange your seats properly . I can see pieces of paper and plastic. How about you? Did you see it also? I think you are too few. Where are the others? Oh but tell them to come to class regularly. Class monitor kindly check the attendance. Thank you! Did I give you any assignment? And what is that? Did you prepare your assignment? Put out the two plates and will you please place those plates here in the two arm chairs in front. For this, we need to divide the class into two groups. Group 1 will work on the left side and the group 2 on the right side. Is that okay to you class? We will be doing an experiment. You just need to follow the instruction for you to achieve good results. Don’t worry because we will Good morning Sir! Yes Sir! Yes Sir! Of course! In the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. Amen (The student recites a prayer.) (The students will arrange their seats. It is a communication competence-sociolinguistic. The student should pick up the pieces of papers under the chair.) They are absent. Yes Sir. You told us to bring at least two plates and cotton buds as a class. Yes Sir. Yes Sir!
  2. 2. 2 G. Presentation of objectives not discuss the governing principles and theories behind that experiment. Aside from plate and cotton buds, we also need a bottle of milk, dishwashing liquid and food colorings. This is the instruction or procedure: 1. Pour the milk into the plate. 2. Add three drops of each of the colors of food coloring to the milk. 3. Place a drop of dishwashing liquid on the tip of the cotton bud. 4. Place the soapy end of the cotton bud in the middle of the milk. 5. Hold the cotton bud for 10 to 15 seconds. How do you find the activity? How about to you Aisa? Very good! These are our objectives for today ’s disc ussion; will y ou please read it Glenda? Who can now say what our topic is for today? Very good! It was interesting and amazing. I felt astonished. At the end of the 30 minute lesson, 7 5% of the students are expected to: 1. Determine whether the sentences are in active or passive voice. 2. Recognize the pattern in an active voice sentence and passive voice sentence. 3. Rewrite the passive voice sentence into as active voice sentence and vice versa. Our topic for today is ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE. Ppt. presentation, milk, plate, food colors and dishwashing liquid 5 II. Lesson Proper 1. Activity Go to your group then, using the manila paper and marker, you need to write down the instruction given a while ago but you need to construct another form of sentences adding pronoun as the subject or the object of the preposition in the past simple. Let us have a short review of how to form past simple. Who wants to share any idea about past simple? Is that clear? This is an example. 1. He poured the milk into the plate. HE functions as the subject or the doer of the action POURED and THE MILK as the object of the verb. By the way this is criteria for this activity. We need to agree on certain score who meet all the criteria.  Sentences should be well-constructed with strong and varied structure which adheres to accepted format, usage, spelling, punctuation and capitalization in the developmental level. To form past simple in a sentence, you just need to use the past tense of the verb. In another case, “be” as helping verb is added on the past participle of the verb. Yes Sir. Visual aid
  3. 3. 3 5 2. Analysis  There must be five sentences.  Cooperation and display maximum effort in doing the activity.  Time consciousness  Exceptional discipline. 5 criteria= 4 criteria= 3 criteria= 2 criteria= 1 criteria= You just have 3 minutes. Your time starts now. Any volunteer to read the work of the group? Let us have the group 1 first. Thank you! Group 2 please? Great job everyone! Let us check the works of each group. (The teacher will announce the winner.) Using your examples, let us dig deeper on how it relates to the topic for today. Again, what is our topic? Let us scrutinize the following sentences? 1. He poured the milk into the plate. 2. A drop of dishwashing liquid was placed by him on the tip of the cotton bud. What did you observed in the sentences? How does the subject, the verb and the object of the verb functions in the sentences? Very good! How about the second sentence? So if we will classify these sentences if in active or passive voice, the first sentence falls under what voice? Are you sure? Possible answer of the students: 1. The milk was poured into the plate. 2. He added three drops of each of the colors of food coloring to the milk. / Three drops of each of the colors of food coloring were added by him to the milk. 3. He placed a drop of dishwashing liquid on the tip of cotton bud. / A drop of dishwashing liquid was placed by him on the tip of the cotton bud. 4. He placed the soapy end of the cotton bud in the middle of the middle of the milk. / The soapy end of the cotton bud was placed by him in the middle of the milk. 5. He held the cotton bud for 10 to 15 seconds. / The cotton bud was held for 10 to 15 seconds. (The volunteer will read their work.) (The volunteer will read their work.) Our topic for today is the voices of the verb which are active and passive voice. In the first sentence, the subject he is the doer, poured is the transitive verb and the milk is the object of the verb. The subject in the second sentence is now the object of action which is the A drop of dishwashing liquid. Him become the receiver of the action with a by. And it is observable that the sentence uses be-verb was with the past participle of the verb which is placed. The first sentence is an active voice sentence. Yes Sir.
  4. 4. 4 5 3 3. Abstraction 4. Application Let’s see. How about the second sentence? Are you sure? You are correct! The first sentence is an active voice sentence and the second sentence is a passive voice sentence. Base from the example given, who would like to define an active voice? How about the passive voice? So can you say that there is a pattern or formula? Do you recognize the attern? Can you make your pattern in active voice? Very good! How about for passive voice? Great! Do you already have a clear image in mind of the pattern on how to construct an active voice sentence and a passive voice sentence? Leave a space before each number. Determine whether the sentence is in active voice or in passive voice. Write A for active voice sentence and P for passive voice sentences. Then, rewrite the following sentences to passive voice if the sentence is in active voice and active voice if the sentence is passive voice, and add a subject if necessary. Answer this in your notebook. 1. The building has been left by Elvis. 2. When I was prosecuted by Ned, I felt very foolish. 3. A superb dinner was prepared by the famous chef. 4. Ned will prosecute trespassers. 5. Thomas feeds his dog. Yes Sir! The second sentence is a passive voice sentence. Yes Sir! In the active voice, the subject performs the action expressed and the focus is on the agent that does the action. In the passive voice the subject receives the action expressed in the verb. The object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive voice. You can recognize passive-voice expressions because the verb phrase will always include a form of be such as am, is, was, were, are, or been. The presence of a be-verb, however, does not necessarily mean that the sentence is in passive voice. Another way to recognize passive-voice sentences is that they may include a "by the..." phrase after the verb; the agent performing the action, if named, is the object of the preposition in this phrase. Yes Sir! Yes Sir! Is the instruction clear? You can now start. Answers on the Application activity.
  5. 5. 5 III. Generalization IV. Evaluation Have you learned something? Can you cite the general idea of today ’s lesson? Very good! Again, what is our topic for this morning? Can you give the distinct patterns on how to determine if a sentence is in active voice or in passive voice? Awesome! From that note, kindly get ½ crosswise sheet of paper. P 1. Elvis left the building. P 2. When Ned prosecuted me, I felt very foolish. P 3. The famous chef prepared a superb dinner. A 4. Trespassers will be prosecuted by Ned. A 5. The dog is fed by Thomas. Sir, there’s a lot of new thing we’d gained from today ’s lesson. Today, we had the voices of the verb- active voice and passive voice. In the active voice The subject performs the action expressed and the focus is on the agent that does the action. In the passive voice the subject receives the action expressed in the verb. The object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence. We use a passive verb to say what happens to the subject. The focus of the sentence is on the subject that receives the action. Our topic for this morning is the voices of the verb- active voice and passive voice. In active voice, the subject comes first plus the transitive verb to be followed by the object. In passive voice, the subject plus the be-verb plus the past participle of the verb plus the by-actor. Leave a space before each number. Determine whether the sentence is in active voice or in passive voice. Write A for active voice sentence and P for passive voice sentences. Then, rewrite the following sentences to passive voice if the sentence is in active voice and active voice if the sentence is passive voice, and add a subject if necessary. 1. The dog was given a bath, and the cat was rescued from the tree. 2. The story of the albatross will be told many times by the ancient mariner. 3. The sentiments of the speaker were applauded. 4. It was proven by Atticus that the crime was not committed by the accused. 5. Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone. 6. The dog was hit by the car. 7 . Bob’s girlfriend threw his baseball memorabilia out the window. 8. The researchers compared the behavior of the two groups of children. 9. Beautiful models wore fancy dresses. 10. A bad tooth kept him awake all night. Answers: P 1. He gave the dog a bath and he rescued the cat from the tree. P 2. The ancient mariner told the story of the albatross many times. P 3. The audience applauded the sentiments of the speaker. P4. Atticus proved that the accused did not commit the crime. A 5. The telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell. P 6. The car hit the dog. A 7 . Bob’s baseball memorabilia was thrown by his girlfriend out the window. A 8. The behavior of the two groups of children was compared (the researchers can be omitted.) A 9. The fancy dresses were worn by beautiful models. A 10. He was kept awake by a bad tooth all night. V. Assignment A. Below is a transcoded information on how cassava flour is produced. Study the flow chart and use the past passive verb to complete the process description that follows.
  6. 6. The processing of cassava roots into dried cassava grates involve the following: The cassava roots __________. 6 Then, they __________. After it was cleaned and peeled, the cassava roots __________ and __________ to produce chips. When we are ready, they __________ in the sun or dryer. After it was dried, they __________ in a pulverizer; and finally, they __________ and ___________ in suitable plastic bags. Prepared by: SENTILLAS, DARWIN O. BSE 4A2 STEP 1 Processing the cassava roots STEP 2 Drying the chips in the sun or dryer STEP 2 Milling the dried chips on the pulvirizer Clean them. Peel them. Grate them. Press them. Sieve the dried chips. Pack the dried chips in plastic bags.

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