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6 1 health reform ppt-cornerstone - march 30 20102

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6 1 health reform ppt-cornerstone - march 30 20102

  1. 1. Health Reform OverviewPrepared by Cornerstone Government Affairsfor the Association of Schools of Public Health Updated March 30, 2010
  2. 2. Disclaimer• This presentation attempts to provide an early overview of a large and complex piece of new legislation. It was based on Congressional and non-Congressional sources which are listed at the end. While every attempt was made to ensure accuracy, we are not responsible for statements which may be in error. As clarifications or additional information become available, a revised version of this presentation will be distributed. – Cornerstone Government Affairs (March 30, 2010)
  3. 3. Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (HR 3590, P.L. 111-148)• Approved by House of Representatives on Sunday, March 21st• Passed by a margin of 219-212 – All 178 Republicans and 34 Democrats voted “no”
  4. 4. Reconciliation Act (HR 4872)• House and Senate passed Reconciliation Act of 2010 containing fixes to reform legislation on Thursday, March 25th• House passed HR 4872 by a margin of 220-207• Senate passes bill 56-43, with 3 Democrats voting “no”
  5. 5. Health Reform Overview• Covers an additional 32 million people, mostly through premium subsidies and expansion of Medicaid• Costs approximately $938 billion over 10 years according to CBO – Will reduce federal deficits by $143 billion over that period – Will reduce deficits by $1.2 trillion over the following decade – Does NOT include the Medicare “doc fix” which is estimated to cost over $200 billion over 10 years.
  6. 6. Immediate Effects• Insurance companies can no longer drop people from coverage after getting sick• Bars insurance companies from discriminating against children under the age of 19 with pre- existing conditions• Young adults can stay on parents plan until the age of 26• Creates high-risk pool for adults with pre- existing conditions without coverage
  7. 7. Immediate Effects• Temporary reinsurance program created to cover early retirees aged 55-64 (expires in 2014)• $250 rebate given to seniors who fall into Medicare Part D “doughnut hole”• Tax credits become available for small businesses to cover employees• 10% tax is levied for tanning services
  8. 8. Individual Mandate• Requires all U.S. citizens to have health insurance• Exemptions granted for financial hardship, religious objections, American Indians, those without coverage for less than three months• Penalties take effect beginning in January 2014
  9. 9. Individual Mandate• Penalty is the greater of $695 per year (up to three times that amount for a family) or 2.5% of household income• Penalty phased in accordingly: – $95 in 2014 (or 1% taxable income) – $325 in 2015 (or 2% taxable income) – $695 in 2016 (or 2.5% taxable income)
  10. 10. Employer Requirements• Business with fewer than 50 employees exempt from any penalty• Employer with more than 200 employees must enroll each in a health insurance plan• Employers with more than 50 employees that offer coverage and have one full-time employee receiving a premium tax credit must pay the lesser of $3,000 for each employee receiving a premium credit or $2,000 per employee• Effective January 2014
  11. 11. Expansion of Medicaid• Expands Medicaid to cover all individuals under the age of 65 up to 133% of the federal poverty level (FPL)• States will receive 100% of funds for newly eligible enrollees from federal government from 2014-2016 – 95% in 2017, 94% in 2018, 93% in 2019, 90% in 2020 and thereafter
  12. 12. Childrens Health Insurance Program• States must maintain eligibility levels for CHIP through Sept. 30, 2019• Between 2014 and 2019 states will receive 23% increase in CHIP federal match
  13. 13. Premium and Cost-sharing Subsidies• Limits availability of premium credits and cost- sharing to legal US citizens purchasing in newly-created national exchange• Those between 133-400% FPL (about $88K for family of four) are eligible for premium credits• Cost-sharing subsidies available for those making 100-400% FPL
  14. 14. Premium Subsidies• Credits are calculated on sliding scale• Begin at 2% of income for those at 100% FPL• Credits cap at 9.8% of income for those at 300-400% FPL• Subsidies available beginning in January 2014
  15. 15. Limiting Out-of-Pocket Costs• Out of pocket maximums ($5,950 for individuals, $11,900 for families) reduced to one third for those with income between 100- 200% FPL• Reduced to one half for those earning between 200-300% FPL• Reduced to two thirds for those earning between 300-400% FPL
  16. 16. Small Business Tax Credits• Tax credits provided for small businesses with fewer than 25 employees providing health insurance for workers with average income less than $50K• 2010-2013, federal government provides tax credit up to 35% of employer’s contribution if employer pays 50% of premium cost• 2014 and beyond, government provides tax credit of up to 50% of employer’s contribution if purchasing through the National Exchange
  17. 17. Small Business Tax Credits• Tax-exempt small businesses eligible for tax credits up to 25% of employer’s contribution towards insurance premium• Credits phased out as firm size and employee wages increase• Full credits available to businesses with fewer than 10 employees earning an average of less than $25K
  18. 18. Insurance Exchanges• Create state-based insurance exchanges called the American Health Benefit Exchanges and Small Businesses Health Options Programs• Exchange only available to small businesses with fewer than 100 employees. Businesses with more than 100 employees are eligible after 2017• Only legal U.S. citizens able to purchase in exchanges• Exchanges open in 2014• Federal support also offered for non-profit member run insurance cooperatives
  19. 19. Benefits Within National Exchange• Qualified health plans offered in National Exchange must provide essential health benefits which include cost sharing limits• Deductibles in small group market cannot exceed $2,000 for an individual and $4,000 for a family• Out-of-pocket requirements cannot exceed those in HSA ($5,950 for individual and $11,900 for family)
  20. 20. Benefits Within National Exchange• Coverage offered at four levels with actuarial value values defining how much insurers pay• Bronze plan provides essential health benefits and covers 60% of the benefit costs of the plan• Silver – 70%• Gold – 80%• Platinum – 90%
  21. 21. Disproportionate Share Hospital (DSH) Allotments• Starting in 2014, DSH payments reduced by 75%, but payments are increased based on rates of uninsured and amount of uncompensated care provided• Aggregate DSH allotments reduced by: – $500 million in 2014 – $600 million in 2015 – $600 million in 2016 – $1.8 billion in 2017 – $5 billion in 2018 – $5.6 billion in 2019 – $4 billion in 2020
  22. 22. Health Care Innovation• Creates a new Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation at CMS to develop and test innovative payment and delivery models• Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs), medical home models are eligible for receiving funds• Integrated delivery systems must achieve high quality of care and achieve savings• Pilot projects begin in 2012
  23. 23. Rural Protections• Extends floor on geographic adjustments to Medicare fee schedule to increase provider fees in rural areas• Boosts bonus payments for ground and air emergency services in rural areas• Expands eligibility and length of Rural Community Hospital Demonstration Program for two years• Extends outpatient hold harmless provision
  24. 24. Medicare Advantage Changes• Medicare Advantage (MA) plans in high-cost areas will receive 95% of Medicare fee-for- service rates• MA plans in lower-cost areas will see payments rise up to an additional 15% more than FFS rates• Phase in payment changes over three year period beginning in 2011• Bonuses given to MA plans receiving 4 or more start in current 5-star ranking system beginning in 2012
  25. 25. Fixing Medicare Part D “Doughnut Hole”• Seniors exceeding Part D coverage will receive a $250 rebate in 2010• Beginning in 2011, seniors receive 50% discount on brand-name drugs and biologics purchased when entering the coverage gap.• 50% of discount funded by pharmaceutical companies• Discount increases to 75% after 2011 and will apply to generics
  26. 26. Elimination of Pre-existing Conditions• Discrimination against children under the age of 19 with pre-existing conditions eliminated immediately• Creates in 2010 a high-risk pool for those adults with pre-existing conditions to receive federal subsidies• High-risk pool eliminated in 2014 when insurers can no longer discriminate against individuals with pre- existing conditions• Bans gender rating, eliminating higher premium costs for women in the individual market
  27. 27. Prevention and Wellness• Creates a National Prevention, Health Promotion, and Public Health Council to coordinate prevention and wellness practices on federal level• Establishes new mandatory spending in the form of a Prevention and Public Health Fund – $500 million in FY 10 – $750 million in FY 11 – $1 billion in FY 12 – $1.25 billion in FY 13 – $1.5 billion in FY 14 – $2 billion in FY 15 and each year thereafter
  28. 28. Prevention and PH Fund Uses• “For programs authorized by the Public Health Service Act, for prevention, wellness, and public health activities including prevention research and health screenings, such as the Community Transformation grant program, the Education and Outreach Campaign for Preventive Benefits, and immunization programs” (Section 4002)• The fund is directly appropriated by this legislation, not just authorized.
  29. 29. Prevention and Wellness• Expands role of Community Health Centers to implement wellness programs for Medicare beneficiaries• Expands scope of Community and Clinical Preventive Services Task Forces• Creates grant program for school-based health centers• Expands oral health programs
  30. 30. Prevention and Wellness• Establishes community transformation grant program for State and local government agencies• Establishes demonstration program to provide recommended vaccines to more children, adolescents, and adults.• Reauthorizes section 317 immunization program• Establishes labeling requirements for restaurants, retail food establishments, and vending machines
  31. 31. Prevention and Wellness• Mandates the Secretary of HHS collect data on health disparities• Incentivizes employer-based wellness programs• Provides epidemiology and laboratory capacity grants for responding to public health emergencies• Funds a childhood obesity program• Fully covers proven preventive services and eliminates cost-sharing for preventive services in Medicare and Medicaid
  32. 32. Health Care Workforce• Creates a National Healthcare Workforce Commission to disseminate information on health care workforce supply and demand, as well as training and retention best practices• Establishes National Center for Workforce Analysis• Creates competitive health care workforce development grant program under HRSA to shore up workforce and state and local levels
  33. 33. Health Care Workforce• Establishes loan repayment program for pediatric specialists who commit to work in underserved areas• Creates a public health workforce recruitment and retention program offering loan repayments in exchange for service at a state, local, or tribal health department• Expands Public Health Service Corps• Provides mid-career training for public health workers• Loan repayment offered for allied health professionals employed at public health agencies
  34. 34. Health Care Workforce• Increases funding for National Health Service Corps• Expands nurse retention and student loan programs• Establishes Regular Corps and a Ready Reserve Corps for service in time of national emergency• Creates grant programs to grow numbers of primary care, geriatric, oral health, and psychiatric workforce
  35. 35. Health Care Workforce• Authorizes advanced nursing education grants for midwifery• Expands loan repayment programs for people from disadvantaged backgrounds• Establishes a grant program aimed at promoting innovations in interdisciplinary care training• Establishes a new state grant program for early childhood home visitation under HRSA
  36. 36. Increased Transparency• Physician-owned hospitals that do not have a provider agreement will not be able to participate in Medicare• Drug, device, biological and medical supply manufacturers must report gifts to physicians, medical practices, or teaching hospitals• Physicians providing imaging services must offer in writing an alternative provider for that same service
  37. 37. Increased Transparency• Establishes Patient-Centered Outcome Research Institute to compile comparative clinical outcomes research• Secretary will establish procedures for monitoring and screening CHIP, Medicaid, and Medicare providers
  38. 38. Making Medicines Affordable forChildren in Underserved Communities• Expands scope of existing 340B drug discount program• Allows more Americans to have greater access to cheaper medicines
  39. 39. Revenue Provisions• Tax on “Cadillac Plans” that cost $10,200 annually for an individual, $27,500 for families effective January 1, 2018• Limits Flexible Spending Account contributions to $2,500 annually effective in 2013• Levies excise taxes on Pharmaceutical manufacturers beginning in 2011 in the amount of $2.5 billion annually. Manufacturers pay based on market share• Levies excise tax on device manufacturers in the amount of $2 billion from 2011 – 2017, and $3 billion annually thereafter. A 2.3% sales tax on devices is also enacted effective in 2013
  40. 40. Revenue Provisions• Includes additional 0.9% Hospital Insurance tax on earned income for households earning over $200K for individuals and $250K for jointly-filing couples• Includes a 3.8% Unearned Income Medicare Contribution to unearned income including interest, dividends, annuities, royalties, and rents for households earning over $200K for individuals and $250K for jointly-filing couples
  41. 41. Sources and Additional InfoDemocratic Policy Committee: http://dpc.senate.gov/dpcdoc-sen_health_care_bill.cfm http://dpc.senate.gov/dpcdoc-sen_health_care_bill_archive.cfmKaiser Family Foundation, “Focus on Health Reform: Summary of New Health Reform Law”: http://www.kff.org/healthreform/upload/finalhcr.pdfCornerstone Government Affairs Public Health and Workforce Side-by-side: http://www.cgagroup.com/_healthcarefiles/HR_Side-by-side.pdfHouse Ways and Means Committee: http://waysandmeans.house.gov/press/PRArticle.aspx?NewsID=10416Department of Health and Human Services http://www.healthreform.gov/White House Reform Plan: http://www.whitehouse.gov/health-care-meeting/proposal