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Definition: Plagiarism is the act of presenting the words, ideas, images, sounds, or the creative expression of others as your own.
How often does it happen?“A study of almost 4,500 students at 25 schools, suggestscheating is . . . a significant problem in high school - 74% of therespondents admitted to one or more instances of serious testcheating and 72% admitted to serious cheating on writtenassignments.Over half of the students admittedthey have engaged in some level ofplagiarism on written assignmentsusing the Internet.”Based on the research of Donald L. McCabe, Rutgers UniversitySource: “CIA Research.” Center for Academic Integrity, Duke University, 2003 <http://academicintegrity.org/cai_research.asp>.
Students, if you have… included the words and ideas of others in your work that you neglected to cite, had help you wouldn‟t want your teacher to know about,
Two types of plagiarism: Intentional Unintentional Copying a friend‟s work Careless paraphrasing Buying or borrowing Poor documentation papers Quoting excessively Cutting and pasting blocks of text from Failure to use your own electronic sources “voice” without documenting Taking work you‟ve Media “borrowing” (ex: created elsewhere and using a google image) turning it in again without documentation without changes Web publishing without permissions of creators
Excuses It’s just a picture It’s okay if I found online I don’t get caught!This assignment was BORING! I was too busy to write that paper! (Job, big game, too much homework!)Everyone I’ve got does it! to get into College! I and parents/ bosses expect “A”s! My teachers expect too much!
Is your academic reputationWhy choose valuable to you?academic integrity When you copy you cheat yourself. You limit your own learning. The consequences are not worth the risks! It is only right to give credit to authors whose ideas you use Citing gives authority to the information you present Citing makes it possible for your readers to locate your source Education is not an “us vs. them” game! It‟s about learning to learn! Cheating is unethical behavior
(Bartlett) Real Life Examples Two prominent historians caught: Stephen Ambrose and Doris Kearns Goodwin Damaged their reputations Kearns left television position and stepped down as Pulitzer Prize judge for “lifting” 50 passages for her 1987 book The Fitzgeralds and the Kennedys (Lewis)
Real Life Consequences New York Times senior reporter Jayson Blair forced to resign after being accused of plagiarism and fraud. “The newspaper said at least 36 of the 73 articles he had written had problems with accuracy, calling the deception a "low point" in the newspapers history.” (“New York Times Exposes Fraud of Own Reporter”) Students at UVA– face immediate expulsion / degrees revoked if found guilty of cheating (Epstein)
Possible Consequences: “0” on the assignment Referral to Disciplinary Committee Suspension or dismissal from school and/or activities Note on student record Loss of reputation among the school community
Hooray Nope! for common Facts that are widely known knowledge Information or judgments ! considered “common knowledge”Need no documentation!However, when in doubt,cite!
Common Knowledge Examples John Adams was our second president. The Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. If you see a fact in three or more sources, and you arefairly certain your readers already know this information, it is likely to be “common knowledge.” However, when in doubt, cite!
No need to document when: You are discussing your own experiences, observations, or reactions Compiling the results of original research, from science experiments, etc. You are using common knowledge
Paper Mills•give you papers on your topic•for a fee or for free
You can “borrow” from theworks of others in your own work! But you have to give the others credit.
This is why we cite our sources! at the end of a project/paper (Works Cited page) AND within the project/paper (parenthetical citations)
Use in-text / in-projectdocumentation when: You use an original idea from one of your sources, whether a quote or paraphrase You summarize original ideas from one of your sources You use factual information that is not common knowledge (Cite to be safe.) You quote directly from a source You use a date or fact that might be disputed
Test your skills The Cite is Right Quizhttp://library.camden.rutgers.edu/Educat ionalModule/Plagiarism/citeisright.html
In-text / in-project MLAdocumentation Purpose--to give immediate source information without interrupting the flow of paper or project. Brief information in in-text documentation should match full source information in Works Cited
How do I cite in my papers? Parenthetical citations are usually placed at the end of a sentence & before the period. Cite the authors last name and the page number (Meyer 33). In the absence of an author, cite the title and the page number (Breaking Dawn 134). If you are using more than one book by the same author, list the last name, comma, the title, and the page (Meyer, “Edwards Side” 4). If you identify the author and title in the text, just list the page number (65).
But, what about Websitesor Images? When citing any Web source (photos, art, text, videos) in your work, you are not likely to have page numbers. Just include the first part of the entry. (Smith) or (“Plagiarism and the Web”) or (Oodles of Noodletools)
For example: In paragraph: “The purpose for following up is that a student who drops out can return later, whereas a student found guilty by a student jury is banned for life. „The overall idea is that the strict honor committee enforces the overall community of trust that governs the university,‟ Hobbs said. ” (Epstein) In works cited: Epstein, David. “Cheating Scandal at Virginia.” Inside Higher Ed. 30 June 2005. 16 Jan 2009. <http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2005/06/30/u va>.
How to avoid plagairism Take notes and keep them organized Noodletools can help with this Give other people credit In-text and in-project credit For paraphrases and summaries too Cite the sources you use Images too! Use Noodletools for help Double check your sources & make sure you wrote down the information correctly
Yada, yada, yada… What if: Your architect cheated his way through math class. Will your new home be safe? Your lawyer paid for a copy of the bar exam to study. Will the contract she wrote for you stand up in court? The accountant who does your taxes hired someone to write his papers and paid a stand-in to take his major tests? Does he know enough to complete your tax forms properly? (Lathrop and Foss 87)
Works Cited Bartlett, Thomas. “Prominent U. of Florida Professor is Caught Plagiarizing His Books.” 28 Apr. 2008 News Blog for Chronicle of Higher Education. 16 Jan 2009. <http://chronicle.com/news/article/4390/prominent-u-of-florida-professor-is- caught-plagiarizing-in-his-books>. “Boston Columnist Resigns Amid New Plagiarism Charges.” CNN.com 19 Aug. 1998 3 March 2003 <http://www.cnn.com/US/9808/19/barnicle/>. Epstein, David. “Cheating Scandal at Virginia.” Inside Higher Ed. 30 June 2005. 16 Jan 2009. <http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2005/06/30/uva>. Example Essays.com 16 Jan 2009 <http://www.exampleessays.com/>. Fain, Margaret. “Internet Paper Mills.” Kimbal Library. 12 Feb. 2003. <http://www.coastal.edu/library/mills2.htm>. Lathrop, Ann and Kathleen Foss. Student Cheating and Plagiarism in the Internet Era. Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited, 2000. Lewis, Mark. “Doris Kearns Goodwin And The Credibility Gap.” Forbes.com 2 Feb. 2002. <http://www.forbes.com/2002/02/27/0227goodwin.html>. “New York Times Exposes Fraud of own Reporter.” ABC News Online. 12 May, 2003.
This slide show created by Joyce Valenza Media Specialist Springfield Township High SchoolModified by C. Tomlinson 4-2-05 http://www.slideshare.net/ctomlins/what-is-plagiarism WITCC Adjunct Modified by K. Covintree 1-16-09 BFHS Library Teacher