3. The global seaborne trade during 2008 reached
8.17 billion tonnes (total cargo loaded). During the
past three decades, the annual average growth rate
of world seaborne trade is estimated to have been
3.1% per annum.
At this rate of growth, UNCTAD expects global
seaborne trade to increase by 44% by 2020 and
double by 2031. Potentially reaching 11.5 billion
tonnes and 16.04 billion tonnes, respectively.
Accordingly, the Indian shipping should aspire to
reach a level of 130 million GT by 2020.
4. INDIA’s GROWTH STORY – EXIM TRADE
At the EXIM trade of 598.7 million tonnes, the Indian seaborne trade constitutes about 3.66% of the global
Based on the above assumptions of Indian seaborne trade growing at 12.25% p.a. and global seaborne
trade growing at 3.1% p.a., by the year 2020 India's share in the world trade can reach a significant 9.3%
from the current level of 3.66%.
5. • OIL
• IRON ORE
• CONTAINERISED CARGO
• OTHER MISC. GENERAL CARGO
INDIA’s GROWTH STORY - IMPORT & EXPORT
8. TRADE PATTERN
MARITIME TRAFFIC – Driver of EXIM Trade
( 90% of world’s cargo move by marine transportation + Coastal trade)
GATEWAY – 12 major ports and number of intermediary & non major ports
PROXIMITY OF PORTS ON THE INDIAN COAST – causing cross movement of
INCREASE IN MARITIME TRAFFIC
Only 7% is carried on Indian bottom
Remaining 93% is other international flags
Also increase in the size of ships and Types of cargo,
including carriage of Petro Chemicals, NLS, LPG, HS etc.
13. • OFF-SHORE
DEVELOPMENTS in EEZ
activities such as
mining, oil drilling, off
shore installations up to
• FISHERY ACTIVITIES in
the 50NM narrow
EXPOLRATION of MARINE RESOURCES - EEZ
Congested and Eco-sensitive waters on the Indian coast
Limited resources for contingency
Impact on the Eco-sensitivity of GOK, Lakshadweep, Andaman & Nicobar islands
where there are live coral reefs.
15. GROWTH IS WELCOME AND WE ARE PROUD
MONITORING TRAFFIC IS ESSENTIAL
ELSE DISASTER IS AWAITING ROUND THE
21. • Laneing on a Pan-India basis with linkages to Gateway ports
22. • VTMS – use of modern technology for tracing and monitoring the movement,
including tracking by satellite
23. GUIDING PRINCIPLES
The background of our thought process to a large extent is inspired from the basis principles
adhered to by the airline industry.
Our Sea lanes, VTIMS, IMO for better comprehension can be compared similar to their air lanes,
ATC’s and ICAO principles.
International Legislations – IMO
IMO's Maritime Safety Committee meeting in March 1971 recommended that observance of all traffic
separation schemes be made mandatory and this recommendation was adopted by the IMO Assembly
later the same year
• MSC/Circ.1060 Guidance Note on the Preparation of Proposals on Ships' Routeing Systems and Ship
• IMO resolution on VTS :RESOLUTION A.857(20) adopted on 27 November 1997 GUIDELINES FOR
VESSEL TRAFFIC SERVICES
IALA requirements on Navmarks, VTMS etc.
25. Need for Traffic Laneing
The excessive congestion of maritime traffic, fishing vessels and the oil
exploration industry within the 50 mile corridor has led to several incidents of
breach of security, collisions and loss of lives of fishermen, also collision and
grounding leading to environmental pollution of the coast.
The maritime activity including fishing, oil exploration around the coast, is
bound to increase in the coming years and therefore in order to ensure that
the causes of such casualties are avoided, it is essential that the maritime
traffic is controlled to move in designated traffic lanes and they may be
guided and monitored electronically.
For the said purpose, traffic lanes around the coast of India is required to be
drawn up, seamlessly integrating into the ports incoming/outbound traffic, oil
exploration industry’s activity and giving due credence to the fishing interests
In accordance with the established practice and the requirements under the
IMO procedures, such TSS has to be approved by the IMO to have
effectiveness, concurrently be brought under the national legislations under
the Merchant Shipping Safety of navigation Rules.
26. Pollution of Coast around Chennai due to oil leakage after
collision between LPG BW Mable & M/T Dawn Kanchipuram
27. Understanding the need of such measures and from the SECURITY
point of view, various measure have been taken by the Ministry of
Shipping through the DGLL, DGS such as:
• Establishment of AIS Chain and radar monitoring systems around the coast
• Vessel traffic monitoring system has been established by a committee
comprising of Kandla Port trust-DGLL and the GMB in the Gulf of Kutch
• VTMS is also understood to have been made by the GMB in the Gulf of
• VTMS around all the major ports
• Establishment of Safety corridors, fairways, recommended routes and
traffic separation schemes off Mumbai harbour, through the Merchant
Safety notice promulgated by the Directorate General of Shipping.
28. Safety of Navigation
With continued development under the present government
and the thrust on our SagarMala Project, while the impetus
is to reduce the logistic cost through the modal shift of
freight from road and rail to sea, the development of safe
sea routes cannot be undermined.
30. VTMS & AIS chain on the Indian Coast
• Understanding the need for costal security, it is praise worthy that the
DGLL of Ministry of shipping has already incurred over a thousand crores in
establishing the VTMS in Kutch and the AIS Chain around the coast of India.
• It is given to understand that the AIS chain and monitoring system is due
for expansion with considerable investments of over a thousand crores of
rupees, which is praiseworthy.
• In order to ensure that the efforts and expenditure meet the objectives
have the International recognition, beside legal sanctity, such efforts need
to be complemented with an approved traffic separation schemes around
the coast of India amalgamating the above needs.
31. National Navtex Network
DGLL has established National Navtex Network to provide seamless coverage through 7 transmitting stations along the coast line of India at
Veraval, Vengurla Point, Muttom Point, Portnovo, Valakpudi, Balasore, Keating Point. Information is collected from NHO, IMD, ICG and DG
Shipping regarding NavArea warning, weather information, Search & Rescue and safety related messages respectively. The Network is presently
working on trial basis.
32. WAY AHEAD
Pan – India TSS along the coast merging with gateway ports and with the TSS
south of Sri Lanka (Dondra head)…… insert pic
Prioritise with TSS and at certain places establishment of VTMS
Make explicit provisions in MS Nav rules.
Prepare country paper for submission to IMO in the next NCSR for approval &
Depict in navigational charts through NHO, IHO
Regularise VTMS in GOK for international acceptance so as to avoid any
litigation in future.
Aim to achieve TSS, VTMS services without ant cost implication to ship owners,
however final decision left to the policy makers
33. TOURISM AND COASTAL SHIPPING
In the 47th Report of the Parliamentary Standing Committee it was suggested “To explore the
possibility of development of Lighthouses with a view to attract tourist”. In compliance to that
DGLL is harnessing the hidden attributes of lighthouses and developing heritage lighthouses at
places of tourist interest revealing them to the general public. In pursuance of the above
Directorate General has earmarked 78 lighthouses for Promotion of Tourism of which 44 are in
main land and 34 are on islands.
The basic theme of the project are as below:
• Enhance and develop the existing lighthouses and its premises into a unique tourism
• Conserve and protect the heritage character of Lighthouses hence contributing to the art,
architecture & cultural values of the country.
• Create awareness & educate the public on the significance of the lighthouses, its history, and
• Develop allied Maritime infrastructure like heritage museum, technical museum, National
• Create employment opportunities & to enhance the socio economy of the local village &
The Sagarmala Programme has been launched by the Government of India to
promote port-led development in the country. The ‘Sagarmala- Concept and
Implementation’ was approved by the Union Cabinet on 25th March, 2015.
As part of the National Perspective Plan of SAGARMALA, more than 150
projects have been identified, at an estimated infrastructure investment of Rs. 4
lakh crore, across the areas of
• Port Modernization & New Port Development,
• Port Connectivity Enhancement,
• Port-led Industrial Development and
• Coastal Community Development.
37. Future Objectives as per our NMDP
1. Projected traffic in the next 20 years to stream line the growing congestion
2. Need for systematic traffic laning on the coast of India
3. Establish TSS at all major ports of India and have them approved/ recognised
4. To establish an effective VTMS and ship reporting system for all ships in Indian
territorial waters, contiguous zone.
5. To foster security on the coast of India
6. To encourage maritime tourism and water sports
7. To monitor and regulate fishery
8. Protection of Environment along the Indian coast
9. Promote activities in our EEZ as per international norms.
38. Co-ordination for achieving objectives
1. DGS (as the lead agency)
5. Deptt. of Fisheries
PORTS / PVT. BODIES
2. GMB, MMB, TNMB, KMB etc..
39. WE HAVE COME MANY A MILES
BUT STILL MANY A MILES TO GO,
IN A SAFE & MONITORED LANE
SAFETY OF NAVIGATION
PRTECTION OF ENVIRONMENT