Lesson 5 topic 3 &4

26. Apr 2021

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Lesson 5 topic 3 &4

  3. MILLENNIALS also known as ‘Generation Y’ or the Net Generation’ 1970s to early 1980s as starting birthyears and mild 1990s to early 2000s as ending birth years.
  4. Seven Basic Traits of Millennials • Special • Centered • Confident • Team Oriented • Conventional • Pressured • Achieving
  5. CHARACTERISTICS OF MILLENIALS • Values meaningful motivation • challenges of heirarchy status quo • places importance on relationship with superiors • intuitive knowledge of technology • open and adaptive to change • places importance in tasks rather than time • passion for learning • openly receptive to feedback and recognition • free-thinking and creative • values social interactions in the workplace
  6. VALUES MEANINGFUL MOTIVATION They may be characterized as being motivated by creative work, shraing their gifts and making an impact on others and making an impact on others and within their communities. Oftentimes, these intrinsic motvators can be seen in a millennial’s approach to their careers. Many can frequently be found working towards helping others, imparting inspiration or working to improve on a community or worl wide issue. Additional, many millenials aim for goals thatoffer ways to further their meaningful work rather than monetary gains. While this generation’s professional drive often helps them advance in their careers, many seem to do so for reasons other than a salary increase or monetary bonuses.
  7. CHALLENGES THE HIERARCHY STATUS-QUO Millennials are known for their resolve in sharing thei opininons and ideas, as well as challenging thier superiors when they feel it is warranted. While this trait can seem as though millenials share contempt for authority on the whole, this characteristic actually comes from the idea that what is best for the company results from active listneing, collaboration and consideting all points as well. Additional, this generation seems to truly believe that approaches such as these are more beneficial to the workplace than merely following orders passed down from the top of the professional hierarchy.
  8. PLACE IMPORTANCE ON RELATIONSHIP WITH SUPERIORS More and more frequently, millennials have shown that when it comes to their careersm they prefer a supervisor or manager than they can connect to as a mentor. This generation has made a point to get comfortable working with their superiors and asking for advice and counsel about their career development. In addition to receiving advice and feedback, millennials place importance on building rapport as well as pathways for frequent communication with their managers.
  9. As many millennials grew from childhood to adulthood, they witnessed the expansive growth of technology. WIth that growth, millennials seem to have developed the ability to quickly adapt and change according to new and more modernized technology as it becomes available. Smartphones, virtual reality, interactive software and even artificial intelligence may continue to see the millennial generation adding to its development. In fact, the millenial generation may even be the first generation to be fully globalized online during adolescence and early adulthood. INTUITIVE KNOWLEDGE OF TECHNOLOGY
  10. OPEN AND ADAPTIVE TO CHANGE Not only are millenials described as adaptive to change, but many also embrace it. Oftentimes, this generation has been one of ushering in changes, in business, technology and economy/ Most seem to recognize that these industries are constantly changing and that the methods of working within the modern-day career filed must change with them. Being adaptive to the continuously changing atmosphere they live in also allows this generation to advance in and take on a variety of roles.
  11. PLACES IMPORTANCE ON TASKS RATHER THAN TIME Millennials seem to be very task-oriented rather than time-oriented. This can appear in the form of productivity with producing results, as well as placing a higher priority on the qaulity of a product, deliverable or otherwise task-related output. This generation places importance on working toward producing rather than being concerned with how many hours they can put ina job. MOre often, millennials may want to be flexible in their schedules, working outside of a traditional “9 to 5” career so they amy use more of their personal time to pursue things outside of work.
  12. PASSION FOR LEARNING Not only are millennials open to change and adaptive, but they also seem to possess an extraordinary passion for learning new things. This generation exhibits deep curiosity about the world and displays the desire to further develop skills and knowledge that can help them within their professional lives. Furthermore, millennials seem to understand the importance of setting and achieving goals, both for personal growth and their careers.
  13. OPENLY RECEPTIVE TO FEEDBACK AND RECOGNITION Rather than waiting to be reviewed on a biannual or annual basis, millennials also appreciate feedback. This generation values input, advice and mentorship from their managers and they seem to be extremely receptive to continuous feedback on a weekly or daily basis. Futhermore, performance management and development can often be priorities for Generation Y, resulting in the need to hear from their supervisors about how they are performing in their jobs. Additionally, this generation seems to thrive off of oepn recognition, so positive praise in the workplace is something that can benefit their motivaton. Millennials generally appreciate knowing that what they are doing is making a difference and that their talent are valued.
  14. FREE-THINKING AND CREATIVE It could be from the vast availability of technological mediums, or the fact that millenials grew up during the time of transition from conventional methods to modernized and technologically advanced ways of working. Because of this innovation, millennials may tend to be more native in their thinking. If problems arise in the workplace, millennials typically have the ability to come up with creative solutions to fix them.
  15. VALUES TEAMWORK AND SOCIAL INTERACTIONS IN THE WORKPLACE This generation also places a great degree of importance on working within a team environment. Collaboration on projects, problem- solving with different points of view and creating new and innovatice approaches to working in their fields may be cooperative endeavors that millennials undertake while working on a team. In addition to productivity and quality results on their teams, it may seem that many millennials also deisre a social atmosphere in the workplace. Qualities like fun, relaxed and comfortable can be used to describe most millennials’ idea of a fitting and optimal workplace.
  16. Tips for highlighting your millennial characteristics ON A RESUME Consider highlighting your accomplishments in past roles where you relied on your adaptibility, creative problem-solving or expert technical skills. Be sure to include a quantifiable result that you played a reole in producing to allow employers to see how your past performance or productivity may beefit their organization.
  17. IN A COVER LETTER After your initial introductory paragraph to a potential employer, you might include a section to describe how your characteristics can benefit their compay, as well as relating your traits to required skills outlined in the job description. Additionally, you can relate your core strengths to how you can see yourself providing spcific results for their business. Tips for highlighting your millennial characteristics
  18. Tips for highlighting your millennial characteristics DURING AN INTERVIEW You might consider focusing on a few key traits that specifically apply to general interview questions, such as “What are your strengths?” and “Why do you want to work ehre?” For example, if a candidate is interviewinfg for a role in digital marking, they might describe how their natural curiosity and motivation for learning new skills helped them develop an innovative approach to building a new content management system for their pasr employer.
  19. FILINNIALS term to use to denote the Filipino Millennials They are called as “selfie generation”, being generally characterized as social media dependent. They are massive multi-taskers, and are constantly connected to their handheld devices.
  20. TOP 10 TRAITS OF A TYPICAL FILINNIAL  They value authenticity  They want to be rewd for their loyalty They favor word-of-mouth recommendation They are Tech-savvy They will pay for experience They are socially conscious They carefully consider prices They love good content They have a selective attention span They go at their own pace
  21. INTEREST OF FILINNIALS Existing literature on the Millennisl Generation in the Philippines is still VERY LIMITED. In fact, there hasn’t been any extensive research conducted in order to study and come up with a general cultural description of the Filipino millennials. Nonetheless, there have been some articles and studies published which are intended to provide a general description of the characteristics of the Filipino millennials.
  22. THEY VALUE AUTHENTICITY Hard selling your brand and product is about the best way to lose a Filennial customer. They avoid brands that scream how great an item is or how a product is such a steal. Filennials want to make the purchasing decision themselves and they want authenticity from brands
  23. THEY WANT TO BE REWARDED FOR THEIR LOYALTY Older generations are loyal to brands for the sake of loyaty but this is not the case for millennials. Filennials want to make sure that the brands they are loyal to are also loyal to them. Eighty per cent of millennials subscribe to loyalty program and 55% said some kind reward card would keep them engaged with the brand. They also prefer digital rewards more than boomers, with 66% saying that they are more likely to shop from the store where they are part of loyalty program.
  24. THEY ARE TECH-SAVVY Millennials spend 5 to 10 hours a day consumin numerous online content-and that’s a mode estimate. As digital natives, they are a highly mobile generation who rely on technology to help them perform their jobs better. With smartphones, laptops, tablets and other gadgets, millennials are often plugged in and online-ready for communication, shopping, entertainment, and everything in- between. Millennials don’t just love consuming content but also sharing it within their circles. Whether it’s eating, drinking out ot watching films, they like documenting their experiences and letting other
  25. Millennials want to experience life the best way possible with their friends and they are willing to pay for it. They like travelling and even view it as a necessity rather than a luxury. They would rather attend the actual concert than to buy the band’s merchandise. They alwas crave new advenrures and discoveries and want to put thrill in the mundanity of every day. THEY WILL PAY FOR EXPERIENCE
  26. For 76% of millennials, it is important that the brands and stores they purchase froma re doing some good for the local community. Furthermore, 44% of millennial parents claim to stop only from brands that reflects their social and/or poliical values. THEY ARE SOCIALLY CONSCIOUS
  27. According to Goldman Sachs, 57% of millennials compare prices in stores. That doesn’t mean they won’t consider buying more expensive goods, though. Your brand can bea pricier option and millennials will still make the purchase, as long as they are confident in the quality of y our product. Consistently good quality is one of the factors that make millennials loyal to a brand. THEY CAREFULLY CONSIDER PRICE
  28. THEY LOVE GOOD CONTENT Fillinnials like witty and thought-provoking content. They are just a likely to share a branded post as they are to share a photo from a friens. They just have to find in it a story they can relate to or even simply find funny. Just take a look at the hugot culture that has been making its rounds in brands, who utilize heart-breaking but humorous one-liners to connect easier and better with their markets.
  29. In a study conducted by Kelton Research millennial business professional reported that they had increased attention span. However, they became more selective in the content to consume, millennials consider a solid narrative and the story behind the content. Video and animated visuals also help in keeping them engaged. THEY HAVE A SELECTIVE ATTENTION SPAN
  30. THEY GOT AT THEIR OWN PACE Millennials live by their own terms. They solve problems and make decisions through processes thye made for themselves, and don’t like anything that hinders their creativity. Millennials lovce their individuality. Brands can knock on this creative sensibility through personalised or out-of-the-box ads with a powerful, socially relevant message that amkes it easy to forget thay’re ads in the first place.
  31. MILLENNIALS VS FILINNIALS “All Filinnials are millennials, but not all millennials are Filinnnials.”
  32. Challenges of Millennials & Filinnials  Racism  Economy  Older Generation  Unemployment/Jobs  Drugs  Student Debt  Climate Change  Social Media/Technology Addiction  Environment
  34. A religion is a tradition and practice based on a conception of what is real and significant (God, Allah, the Tao, Brahman, etc.), and the belief that sin, vice, disillusionment, and illusion may be overcome by grace, meditation, practices, and living in harmony, unity, or wise concord with what is real and significant. A Christian ethic, for example, may be informed by Jesus’ radical teaching about loving one’s neighbour, being a good Samaritan, loving one’s enemies, and the like. RELIGION
  35. The Christian Worldview Michelangelo, The Creation of Adam
  36. SOCRATES’ QUESTION • It’s helpful to begin by contrasting the Christian and the atheistic world views. • In order to answer the question of how reason and religion are related, let’s begin with Socrates’ question to Euthyphro. • Then we will consider some positions on the relationship between religion and ethics.
  38. GOD’S INTERACTION WITH THE WORLD •In this view, God interacts with the world in several ways: • God creates the world • God is in contact interaction with the world • God’s creative act (esse) continually sustains the world in its existence • God gives the world a final purpose or goal or telos toward which it strives
  39. UNITY, PURPOSE, AND VALUE As a result of these interactions, the world has: • Unity • This is a single world with structure • Purpose • Beings on earth have a goal or purpose ordained by God • Value • The world is good because: • It comes from God, who is all good • It is aiming toward God, who can only establish good purposes
  40. THE ATHEISTIC WORLDVIEW For Bertrand Russell, existence has no unity, no value, and no purpose in the Christian sense of these terms.
  41. “A FREE MAN’S WORSHIP” • “That Man is the product of causes which had no prevision of the end they were achieving; • “That his origin, his growth, his hopes and fears, his loves and his beliefs, are but the outcome of accidental collocations of atoms; • “That no fire, no heroism, no intensity of thought and feeling, can preserve an individual life beyond the grave, • “That all the labors of the ages, all the devotion, all the inspiration, all the noonday brightness of human genius, are all destined to extinction in the vast death of the solar system, • “And that the whole temple of Man’s achievement must inevitably be buried beneath the debris of a universe in ruins • “--all these things, if not quite beyond dispute, are yet so nearly certain, that no philosophy which rejects them can hope to stand. • “Only within the scaffolding of these truths, only on the firm foundation of unyielding despair, can the soul’s habitation henceforth be safely built.”
  42. THE CONTRAST The contrast between these two worldview could not be sharper. • No place for preordained purposes in Russell’s view • No goodness inherent in the world for him • No privileged place for humanity within his view
  43. IMPLICATIONS FOR ETHICS • The implications of these differences for ethics are profound • No ultimate purpose for humanity • No ultimate reward or punishment • Nietzsche's question: if God is dead, is everything permitted? • No guarantee that nature is good or bad • “Unnatural” becomes a purely descriptive term • Now let’s expand the discussion beyond Christianity.
  44. THE DIVERSITY OF RELIGIOUS TRADITIONS: CENTRAL THEMES •Navajo •An Ethic of Harmony •Islam •An Ethic of Law •Buddhism •An Ethic of Compassion
  45. THE DIVERSITY OF RELIGIOUS TRADITIONS: GOD AND WORLD •Navajo •A plurality of gods, not necessarily in agreement with one another •Islam •One God •Buddhism •No personal God
  46. OVERVIEW Theme God Navajo Harmony Many gods Islam Law One God Buddhism Compassion No personal God Christianity Love One God
  48. THE NAVAJO HOLY WIND • Tradition and Society • Oriented toward how Navajo treat one another • Small society • Practical, not theoretical • Dualisms and Antagonisms • No Western mind-body split • Don’t choose one side of the dualism The Mountain Chant: Great Plumed Arrows Sequence
  49. NAVAJO MEDICINE • Western view • mind/body split (Descartes) • heal the body • Stamp out disease • Navajo view • Mind and body together • Heal the whole person • Seek harmony
  50. EVIL •Western attitude: •stomp it out •Navajo •Evil is a part of life; it just “is” •Avoid it instead of eliminate it
  51. HOZHO • Hozho • harmony, beauty, peace of mind, goodness, health, well-being or success • Morality guides an individual back into a state of harmony with all that surrounds the individual Nightway Chant: Whirling Logs
  52. •Three levels to harmonize: • natural • human • supernatural •Create harmony rather than domination • Example: moving to higher ground rather than building a dam • Respecting the rattlesnake HOZHO
  53. THE HOLY WIND • The wind is both: • physical (we feel it on our faces); • ephemeral (we cannot see it). • The wind is both: • one • many • The wind comes from the four principal directions, the four mountains • Is local
  54. THE MESSENGER WIND •Acts like Christian conscience •Swirls around an individual through a hidden point in the ear •Warns individuals of impending disruptions of hozho •Does not punish
  55. ISLAM
  56. THE ISLAMIC SHARI’AH •Rejects traditional Western distinctions between •Church and state •Religion and ethics •Islam: “surrender to the will of God” •Concerned with all behavior
  57. THE THREE CANONICAL ELEMENTS •belief or faith •imam •practice or action •islam •virtue •ihsan
  58. DIVINE COMMAND •“What should I do?” = “What is Allah’s will?” •“What is right” = “What Allah wills” •The will of Allah is embodies in Shari’ah, divine Islamic law •Note primacy of the will
  59. •Covers all areas of human behavior •Tells what is: •required •recommended •permitted •discouraged •forbidden SHARI’AH
  60. SHARI’AH •Two areas of law: •How Muslims act toward God • Described in the Five Pillars •How Muslims act toward other human beings • Describes in civil law
  61. THE FIVE PILLARS • Shahadah: the profession of faith that “there is no god but God (Allah) and that Mohammed is the Messenger of God;” • Salah: ritual prayer and ablutions, undertaken five times a day while facing the holy city of Mecca; • Zakah: the obligatory giving of alms (at an annual rate of approximately 2.5% of one’s net worth) to the poor to alleviate suffering and promote the spread of Islam; • Saum: ritual fasting and abstinence from sexual intercourse and smoking, especially the obligatory month-long fast from sun-up to sun-down during the month of Ramadan to commemorate the first revelations to Mohammed; • Hajj: a ritual pilgrimage, especially the journey to Mecca which traditionally occurs in the month after Ramadan and which Muslims should undertake at least once in a lifetime.
  62. VIRTUE •Ihsan, or virtue •worshipping God •Strictly religious •pursuing an aim •Similar to Aristotle
  63. ULAMA • The Ulama, or clergy, give the definitive interpretation of Allah’s will • No separation between church and state • The Ulama also have an executive role in implementing Allah’s will
  64. JIHAD •Literally means “striving” •Focus on resisting, overcoming evil •Greater Jihad: • focus on internal striving •Lesser Jihad • focus on external striving
  65. MODERATE & FUNDAMENTALIST FACTORS •Islam, like many religions, has various factions. •Fundamentalist factions see little room for compromise with other religions • Leads to attacks against others, including attacks against the United States and against Hindus •Moderate factions see Islam as coexisting with other major religions.
  67. BUDDHISM • An Ethic of Compassion for all • An Ethic of renunciation for monks • An Ethic of reincarnation for lay persons
  68. THE FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS •The Four Noble Truths deal with • The inevitability of suffering • The sources of suffering • The elimination of suffering • The paths to the elimination of suffering
  69. TWO WAYS OF REDUCING SUFFERING •Suffering arises from a discrepancy between desire and actuality •change the actual world--Western technology •change the desire, extinguish the individual self-- Buddhism
  70. REINCARNATION •Personal self moves through the wheel of existence like a flame being passed from one candle to another •Karma: each individual action helps to set free or bind us to the personal self •Moral commandments are generated by demands of karma
  71. THE EIGHT-FOLD PATH • right views; Wisdom Prajna • right intention; Wisdom Prajna • right speech; Wisdom Prajna • right action; Morality Sila • right livelihood; Morality Sila • right effort; Morality Sila • right mindfulness Concentration Samadhi • right concentration Concentration Samadhi
  72. COMPASSION •Theravada Buddhism stresses an ethic of self- renunciation, self-purification, detachment •Mahayana Buddhism stresses an ethics of compassion for all living things
  73. OVERVIEW Christianity Navajo Islam Buddhism Ideal Love Harmony Law Compassion View of God One God, Three Persons Many Gods One God No personal/ individual God
  74. ETHICS It could be from the vast availability of technological mediums, or the fact that millenials grew up during the time of transition from conventional methods to modernized and technologically advanced ways of working. Because of this innovation, millennials may tend to be more native in their thinking. If problems arise in the workplace, millennials typically have the ability to come up with creative solutions to fix them.
  75. PRACTICAL ETHICS •Basic premise: life is very, very dangerous •Maxims: • “Maintain orderliness [i.e., harmony] in those sectors of life which are little subject to human control;” • “Be wary of non-relatives;” • “Avoid excesses;” • “When in a new situation, do nothing;” • “Escape.”
  76. THE ROLE OF RITUALS •Rituals are intended to reestablish or insure hozho, harmony •The Blessingway is one of the ceremonies performed to reestablish harmony when there has been a disruption
  77. AN ETHIC OF HARMONY Ultimately, the Navajo way suggests an ethics of harmony among the natural, human, and supernatural world.
  78. Ethics are universal decision-making tools that may be used by a person on any religious persuasion, including atheists. While religion makes claims about cosmology, social behaviour, and the “proper” treatment of others, etc. Ethics are based on logic and reason rather than tradition or injunction. ETHICS VS RELIGION
  79. SIMILARITY BETWEEN ETHICS AND RELIGION They are often treated the same, with various religions making claims about their belief systems being the best way for people to live, actively proselytizing and trying to convert unbelievers, trying to legislate public behavior based around isolated religious passages, etc.

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