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Marijuana legalization risks and strategies

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Marijuana legalization risks and strategies

  1. 1. Marijuana Legalization: Risks and Strategies
  2. 2. Trends in drug use Current use among persons 12 and older: 2012 52.10% 26.70% 7.30% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Alcohol Tobacco Marijuana
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  10. 10. Legalization Timeline 2008 Michigan Medical Marijuana Act Passes 2012 2013 Decriminalization in Lansing, Ferndale, Jackson 2014 Decriminalization in Ann Arbor 1972 2004 Ann Arbor Medical Marijuana Initiative Decriminalization in Flint, Detroit, Grand Rapids, Ypsilanti Decriminal- ization in Oak Park, Hazel Park, Berkley, H.W., P.R., Mt. Pleasant, Saginaw, Port Huron
  11. 11. Marijuana Use: Past 30 Days Oakland County (MiPHY) – 7th Grade 1.4 2.9 1.7 2.1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 2008 2010 2012 2014 Percent Year Past 30 Day Marijuana Use• After the legalization of Marijuana (2010), 7th grade Oakland county students were 2 times more likely to have used marijuana in the past 30 days than before the legalization of medical marijuana (2008).
  12. 12. Perception of Harm for Marijuana Oakland County (MiPHY) – 7th Grade 83.2 79.2 79.4 73.4 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 2008 2010 2012 2014 Percent Year Marijuana Use Moderate or Great Risk• 7th grade students in Oakland County were 1.8 times more likely to report regular marijuana use as a moderate or great risk in 2008 than in 2014.
  13. 13. Marijuana Use: Past 30 Days (MiPHY) 9th and 11th Grade 15.1 19.2 19.7 16.6 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 2008 2010 2012 2014 Percent Year Past 30 Day Marijuana Use • The percent of 9th and 11th grade Oakland County students in 2014 who report having used marijuana in the past 30 days is not statistically different from the percent reported having used before medical marijuana was legalized (2008).
  14. 14. Perception of Harm for Marijuana Oakland County (MiPHY) – Grades 9 & 11 72 64.3 58.7 49.5 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 2008 2010 2012 2014 Percent Year Regular Marijuana Use Moderate or Great Risk• 9th and 11th grade students in Oakland County in 2014 were 2.5 times less likely to report regular marijuana use to be a moderate or great risk than before the legalization of medical marijuana in Michigan (2008). * The regular marijuana use question is asked slightly different in 2014 than previous years (regular use versus once or twice a week).
  15. 15. ‘Big Marijuana’ Can we trust companies and big Corporations not to target youth and the vulnerable?
  16. 16. Big Tobacco = Big Business - Rely on addiction for profit - Prey on disadvantaged communities
  17. 17. Long-time Marijuana Activists and Investors Steve DeAngelo owns the Harborside Health Center in California with annual sales over $30 million. He is also the President of the Arcview Group. Troy Dayton is the CEO of the Arcview group, which is a venture capital group focused on legal marijuana business investments.
  18. 18. So What’s Happening in Colorado?
  19. 19. Track, track, track! www.legalizationviolations.com Reporting car crashes, youth use, advertising, workplace and other costs
  20. 20. Nussbaum et al., Am J Psychiatry 168:778-781 2008 1st stores 2009 700 stores 3.5% adults have MMJ license 2012 Legalized 2014 Stores open Medical Marijuana passes 2001 2005 Denver legalizes Colorado Legalization
  21. 21. Traffic Fatalities + for Marijuana 1.1 4.2 4.14.5 5.9 10 0 3 6 9 12 1994 2009 2011 N o MMJ Colorado
  22. 22. U.S. Postal Inspection Service - parcel packages intercepted
  23. 23. Marijuana Taxes 33,500,000 12,000,000 0 5,000,000 10,000,000 15,000,000 20,000,000 25,000,000 30,000,000 35,000,000 40,000,000 Projected Jan '14 -June '14 Actual Jan. '14 - June '14
  24. 24. • Legislative economists in 2012 estimated the sales and excise taxes on retail pot would bring in $67 million in the 2014-15 fiscal year, and in March, they dropped that estimate to $54 million. Now they have dropped that estimate even further – to $30.6 million. (Colorado Fiscal Institute) • Money is mainly going to help prevent harms of increased use under the new policy - $103.5 million of proposed tax revenue earmarked for prevention/treatment/education over 2-year period.
  25. 25. Early Indications in Colorado • When asked, 10% of non-using youth said they would use, according to 10,000-student survey by an NYU researcher, published in peer-reviewed journal (Palamar et al, International Journal of Drug Policy) • “Students Find Way to Sneak Marijuana Into Class” • “Colorado students who ingested marijuana edibles treated at hospital” • “Marijuana candy at Colorado middle school” • “Marijuana superstore proposed in Eagle, Colorado”
  26. 26. Increased teen use Marijuana use among Colorado teens is currently: • fifth highest in the nation • 50% above national average 10.7% 7.6% Colorado National averageNSDUH, 2013
  27. 27. Distribution to minors 2007-2009 2010-2012 Drug-related referrals for high school students testing positive for marijuana increased Average of 17.3% per year between 2010 to 2012 Average 5.6% of students per year between 2007 and 2009 Rose by over 150% Rocky Mountain HIDTA, 2013
  28. 28. Distribution to minors In 2007, tests positive for marijuana made up 33% of the total drug screenings, by 2012 that number increased to 57% Rocky Mountain HIDTA, 2013
  29. 29. Long-term, regular use of marijuana—starting in the teen years—may impair brain development and lower IQ, meaning the brain may not reach its full potential.
  30. 30. Harmful effects on mental health Increased risk of mental illness • Schizophrenia (6 fold) • Psychosis • Depression • Anxiety Andréasson S, Allebeck P, Engström A, Rydberg U. , 1987; Arseneault, L., 2002
  31. 31. Increased Potency Today’s marijuana is not the marijuana of the 1960s. In the past 15 years, marijuana potency has tripled and since 1960 it has grown 5 times stronger.
  32. 32. Medical marijuana is easily diverted to youth • Teens who know somebody with a medical marijuana license are more like than those who don’t to report ‘fairly’ or ‘very’ easy access to marijuana • 74% of Denver-area teens in treatment said they used somebody else’s medical marijuana an average of 50 times Thurstone, 2013; Salomonsen-Sautel et al., 2012
  33. 33. While the total number of car crashes declined from 2007 to 2011, the number of fatal car crashes with drivers testing positive for marijuana rose sharply. 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Total car crashes 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Crashes with high drivers Colorado Dept. of Transportation
  34. 34. Increased ER admissions Rise in marijuana-related ER visits from 2006 and 2012: 200% 60% 92% Under 5 6 to 12 13 to 14 • 200% for kids under 5 • 60% for kids 6-12 • 92% for kids 13-14 Rocky Mountain HIDTA, 2013
  35. 35. According to a special report by NBC News, the Animal Poison Control Center has reported a 30 percent jump in the number of calls reporting house pets suffering from marijuana poisoning. The center said that since 2009 these phone calls have risen from 213 to 320. Rocky Mountain HIDTA Vol. 2/August 2014
  36. 36. Colorado in 2014 • Colorado allowed retail sales to begin on January 1st • Several stores opened for business
  37. 37. How did the first week go? • Colorado marijuana store owner declares that the “high school senior” is his ideal target customer. • State of Colorado is supposed to be IDing/tagging marijuana plants – but they weren’t ready on Day 1; sales went on anyway. • Colorado marijuana already going to neighbor states as documented by users on Reddit.com
  38. 38. Tackling the issue - Both Alcohol and Marijuana have risks associated with use - Liver Problems? Alcohol - Violence? Alcohol - Lung issues? Marijuana - IQ, school performance? Marijuana - Driving? Both
  39. 39. What is the point? Alcohol policy is broken; but if your right arm is broken, Do you break your left one in order to be consistent?
  40. 40. CAN YOU TELL THE DIFFERENCE? NEITHER CAN YOUR KIDS.
  41. 41. “We don’t want another Big Tobacco.” “Colorado is not going well.” “Legalization brings with it marijuana candies and sodas that target kids.”

Hinweis der Redaktion

  • This Powerpoint is designed to point out risks of marijuana legalization in order to help you make an informed decision if it appears on the ballot in the future. Proponents of legalization are quick to try to paint a picture of marijuana being “harmless” or “less risky”, but there are definite risks that need to be considered.
  • This slide demonstrates that the two legal substances are still used more frequently than the illegal one. What will happen if marijuana is legalized?
  • The point to be made is that alcohol and tobacco (legal drugs) are already a problem with teen use…adding marijuana to the mix will increase youth substance use problems.
  • Contrary to popular belief, neither Holland or Portugal have legalized marijuana, although they both have designed drug policy which tolerates small amounts of cannabis for personal use under strict terms and conditions.
  • This slide demonstrates the progression of marijuana legalization in Michigan.
  • This slide demonstrates that 7th grade past 30 day marijuana use jumped in the years directly following medical marijuana legalization (2008-2010), although they declined again in the years following 2010 they were still higher than in 2008.
  • This slide demonstrates the 7th grade decline in perception of risk for marijuana use from 2008 to 2014.
  • This slide demonstrates the jump in past 30 day marijuana use for 9th and 11th grade students in the years immediately following medical marijuana legalization (2008-2012), with a slight drop in use rates for 2014.
  • This slide demonstrates the decline in 9th and 11th grade perception of risk for marijuana use from 2008 to 2014.
  • The tobacco industry is ready to take over the marijuana sales market if it is legalized nationally. Documents going back to the 1970s indicate they have stated that they have the capacity to mass produce marijuana cigarettes and the experience to market effectively, the same as they do with tobacco.
  • Examples of tobacco products and marketing that appeals to youth.
  • Example of alcohol products and marketing that appeals to youth.
  • Examples of marijuana products and marketing that appeals to youth.
  • This is the new face of marijuana. Marijuana sales is big business, with high powered CEOs and investors.
  • The purpose of this website is to track what is happening with marijuana violations throughout the country, particularly in Colorado and Washington where marijuana has been legalized.
  • This slide demonstrates the progression of legalization in Colorado.
  • Note the increase in Marijuana related traffic fatalities in Colorado versus states that are not legalized.
  • Note increase in marijuana found being transported via mail between 2010 and 2013. Note: this jump occurred immediately following the legalization of marijuana in Colorado.
  • The projected tax revenue from marijuana sales was over 33 million dollars for the first six months of sales. The actual revenue was only 12 million over that six month period.
  • Studies and quotes from Colorado news outlets.
  • This data was found in the NSDUH – National Survey on Drug Use and Health
  • Taken from report from the Rocky Mountain HIDTA – High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas
  • Taken from report from the Rocky Mountain HIDTA – High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area
  • Anyone know where we can find the source of this data?
  • Studies have indicated increased risk for the listed mental illnesses, but there may be other factors combined with marijuana use that cause the mental illness, such as genetic predisposition, age of onset and frequency of use.
  • Some of the advertisements in Colorado magazines and newspapers.
  • This billboard was near the site of the Super Bowl last year. Marijuana legalization advocates have gone so far as to state that marijuana use is “harmless”. They have since removed that wording from their literature and have changed it to state that marijuana is a “safer choice.”
    SAM – Smart Approaches to Marijuana – placed this counter-advertisement in the same area.
  • Clearly, many products are designed to be enticing to youth.
  • Some points to remember and share.
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