World War 1

Cheng
Cheng Junior Photographer um Cheng
WORLD WAR 1,[object Object]
World War 1
WORLD WAR 1,[object Object],Great War,[object Object],One of the deadliest conflicts in history,[object Object],War to end all wars,[object Object],Global military conflict that embroiled most of the world’s great powers,[object Object]
MAIN CAUSES OF WAR,[object Object],Militarism,[object Object],Alliances,[object Object],Imperialism,[object Object],Nationalism,[object Object]
MILITARISM,[object Object],the army and military forces are given a high profile by the government.,[object Object],European nations engage in a massive military build up,[object Object]
Alliances,[object Object],An alliance is an agreement made between two or more countries to give each other help if it is needed. ,[object Object],European countries form partnerships to protect themselves,[object Object]
A number of alliances had been signed by countries between the years 1879 and 1914. These were important because they meant that some countries had no option but to declare war if one of their allies. declared war first. ,[object Object],The Dual Alliance,[object Object],Germany and Austria-Hungary made an alliance to protect themselves from Russia,[object Object]
Austro-Serbian Alliance,[object Object],Austria-Hungary made an alliance with Serbia to stop Russia gaining control of Serbia ,[object Object],The Triple Alliance,[object Object],Germany and Austria- Hungary made an alliance with Italy to stop Italy from taking sides with Russia,[object Object],Franco-Russian Alliance,[object Object],Russia formed an alliance with France to protect herself against Germany and Austria-Hungary,[object Object],Entente Cordiale,[object Object],This was an agreement, but not a formal alliance, between France and Britain.,[object Object]
Anglo-Russian Entente,[object Object],This was an agreement between Britain and Russia,[object Object],Triple Entente,[object Object],This was made between Russia, France and Britain to counter the increasing threat from Germany.,[object Object]
Two Opposing Alliance,[object Object],TRIPLE ALLIANCE,[object Object],CENTRAL POWERS,[object Object],GERMANY,[object Object],AUSTRIA-HUNGARY,[object Object],ITALY,[object Object],TRIPLE ENTENTE,[object Object],ALLIED POWERS,[object Object],FRANCE,[object Object],GREAT BRITAIN,[object Object],RUSSIA,[object Object]
IMPERIALISM,[object Object],when a country takes over new lands or countries and makes them subject to their rule. ,[object Object],Competition to gain colonies, new markets, and new sources of raw materials,[object Object]
NATIONALISM,[object Object],People feel loyalty and devotion to their country or culture,[object Object]
The Coming Of War,[object Object]
Murder in Sarajevo,[object Object],Immediate or PROXIMATE CAUSE of war was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria on June 18, 1914.,[object Object],A Serbian terrorist group, the Black Hand, resolved to assassinate Franz Ferdinand during his visit to Sarajevo thereby stalling his proposed reforms.,[object Object]
Shot and killed by GavriloPrincip, a Bosnian member of the Black Hand.,[object Object],The assassination provided Austria-Hungary with an excuse to take action against Serbia. ,[object Object],Austria sent an ULTIMATUM, a final set of demands on July 23, 1914. It ordered Serbia to end all anti-Austrian activities and to let the Austrian officials handle the investigation of the murder. Austria gave Serbia 48 hours to meet these terms.,[object Object]
START OF WAR,[object Object]
Trench Warfare,[object Object],Trench – a long narrow ditch dug in a ground,[object Object],type of fighting during World War I in which both sides dug trenches protected by mines and barbed wire,[object Object],Over 200,000 men died in the trenches of WW1, most of who died in battle, but many died from disease and infections brought on by the unsanitary conditions.,[object Object]
World War 1
New Weapons,[object Object],MACHINE GUNS,[object Object],POISON GAS,[object Object],TANKS,[object Object],LONG RANGE GUNS,[object Object]
US moving closer to war,[object Object],The U.S. as a neutral nation, claimed the right to trade with either side in the war.,[object Object], However, Britain and Germany set up blockades around the British and German coasts.,[object Object],German submarines, called U-boats, torpedoed enemy ships and neutral ships trading with the enemy.,[object Object], In 1915, a German submarine torpedoed the Lusitania, a British passenger ship, killing approximately 1,200 people, including 128 Americans.,[object Object],·Americans were infuriated with the destruction of the Lusitania.,[object Object]
USA Entry to War,[object Object],Zimmermann telegram:,[object Object],– secret message from Germany to Mexico urging Mexico to attack the U.S. if the U.S. declared war on Germany,[object Object],– Germany promised to help Mexico regain land it lost to the U.S. in the Mexican War.,[object Object],* The U.S. declared war on the Central Powers in 1917.,[object Object]
Armistice,[object Object],A halt in fighting during war,[object Object],Failure of German surge,[object Object],German troops mutinied and deserted,[object Object],British naval blockade,[object Object],Food & supplies in short supply,[object Object],Riots on streets of Germany,[object Object],Kaiser fled abroad,[object Object],New government prepared to discuss peace terms,[object Object],After forty-seven days and heavy casualties, the Germans retreated.,[object Object]
Peace Treaties,[object Object],President Woodrow Wilson’s Plan for Peace known as the FOURTEEN POINTS.,[object Object],Self Determination,[object Object],A Fair Peace,[object Object],Disarmament,[object Object],Fair Treatment of Colonial People,[object Object],League of Nations,[object Object]
Versailles Treaty,[object Object],Big Four Allied Leaders met at Versailles to draw up a peace treaty,[object Object],Prime Minister David George of Great Britain,[object Object],Premier Georges Clemenceau of France,[object Object],President Woodrow Wilson of USA,[object Object],Prime Minister Orlando Vittorio of Italy,[object Object]
Germany was forced to:,[object Object],take full blame for the war,[object Object],completely disarm,[object Object],pay huge reparations to the Allies,[object Object],give up it’s colonies to the Allies,[object Object]
RESULTS OF WORLD WAR 1,[object Object],Germany was an angry, humiliated nation, setting the stage for World War II.,[object Object],Based on the goal of self-determination, many new nations were formed.,[object Object],Examples: Finland, Poland, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia,[object Object],The Allies agreed to form the League of Nations.,[object Object]
World War 1
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World War 1

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