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Chapter 3 notes 1

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Chapter 3 notes 1

  1. 1. Chapter 3: States of Matter
  2. 2. 4 States of Matter <ul><li>Matter: is anything that has mass and volume </li></ul><ul><li>4 States of Matter: solid, liquid, gas, plasma </li></ul>
  3. 3. Solids <ul><li>Definite Shape and definite volume; particles vibrate in place </li></ul><ul><li>2 types: crystalline and amorphous </li></ul><ul><li>Crystalline: particles are lined up neatly in repeating patterns of rows. </li></ul><ul><li>Amorphous: particles do not line up in repeated rows </li></ul>
  4. 4. Examples of Solids: <ul><li>Crystalline: </li></ul><ul><li>Amorphous: </li></ul>
  5. 5. Liquids <ul><li>Definite volume </li></ul><ul><li>Indefinite shape (takes shape of container) </li></ul><ul><li>Particles are not arranged in repeating patterns; particles slide past each other </li></ul>
  6. 6. Gas <ul><li>Indefinite volume and indefinite shape </li></ul><ul><li>Particle move rapidly to get away from each other </li></ul>
  7. 7. Plasma <ul><li>Plasma </li></ul><ul><li>a. Hot, ionized gas particles. </li></ul><ul><li>b. Electrically charged. </li></ul><ul><li>c. Most common state in universe. </li></ul>
  8. 8. In summary, Phase Properties Phase Particle Properties Proximity Energy Motion Volume Shape Solid Liquid Gas close little vibrational definite definite close moderate rotational definite indefinite far apart a lot translational indefinite indefinite
  9. 9. Phase Change Graph
  10. 10. Start from: Change to: Name solid liquid melting liquid solid freezing liquid gas boiling gas liquid condensation solid gas (skipping liquid phase) sublimation

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