Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Wir verwenden Ihre LinkedIn Profilangaben und Informationen zu Ihren Aktivitäten, um Anzeigen zu personalisieren und relevantere Anzeigen zu schalten. Sie können Ihre Anzeigeneinstellungen jederzeit ändern.

WA K-12 OER (2013)

4.825 Aufrufe

Veröffentlicht am

keynote slides for WA K-12 OER OSPI event: http://digitallearning.k12.wa.us/oer/

Veröffentlicht in: Bildung
  • Als Erste(r) kommentieren

WA K-12 OER (2013)

  1. 1. OER in K-12:Sharing Common Core and Future Directions Dr. Cable Green Director of Global Learning cable@creativecommons.org @cgreen
  2. 2. Please attribute Creative Commons with a link to creativecommons.org
  3. 3. CC BY Children Reading Pratham Books and Akshara By Ryan Lobo http://www.flickr.com/photos/prathambooks/3291
  4. 4. “Nearly one-third of the world’spopulation (29.3%) is under15. Today there are 158 millionpeople enrolled in tertiaryeducation1. Projectionssuggest that that participationwill peak at 263 million2 in2025. Accommodating theadditional 105 million studentswould require more than fourmajor universities (30,000students) to open every weekfor the next fifteen years. By: COL1 ISCED levels 5 & 6 UNESCO Institute of Statistics figures http://www.col.org/SiteCollectio2 British Council and IDP Australia projections s/JohnDaniel_2008_3x5.jpg
  5. 5. CC BY-NC-ND Dreaming Girls Head By: Elfleda http://www.flickr.com/photos/carolinespics/1531
  6. 6. http://www.capetowndeclaration.org
  7. 7. By: UNESCO: http://www.moveoneinc.com/blog/wp-
  8. 8. a public good built from private goodswe share voluntarily … with standardlegal and technical toolswe build the Commons togetherbecause it will improve our lives - John Wilbanks
  9. 9. A simple, standardizedway to grant copyrightpermissions to yourcreative work.
  10. 10. “Some rights reserved”
  11. 11. Step 1: Choose Conditions Attribution ShareAlike NonCommercial NoDerivatives
  12. 12. Step 2: Receive a License
  13. 13. CC0 public Public Domaindomain dedication Mark
  14. 14. most freeleast free
  15. 15. “human readable” deed
  16. 16. “lawyer readable” license
  17. 17. <span xmlns:cc=“http://creativecommons.org/ns#”xmlns:dc=http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/”><span rel="dc:type" href="http://purl.org/dc/dcmitype/Text"property="dc:title">My Photo</span> by<a rel="cc:attributionURL" property="cc:attributionName"href="http://joi.ito.com/my_photo">Joi Ito</a>is licensed under a<a rel="license"href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/">CreativeCommons Attribution 3.0 License</a>.<span rel="dc:source" href="http://fredbenenson.com/photo/”>Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at<a rel="cc:morePermissions"href="http://ozmo.com/revenue_sharing_agreement">OZMO</a>.</span></span>“machine readable” metadata
  18. 18. Over 500 million items
  19. 19. CultureScienceGovernmentEducationMore
  20. 20. Over 77,000 contributorsworking on over 22 million articles in 285 languages
  21. 21. 175+ Million CC Licensed Photos on Flickr 2
  22. 22. Higher Ed
  23. 23. K-12
  24. 24. Open Educational Resources (OER)
  25. 25. OER are teaching, learning,and research materials in any medium that reside in the public domain or have been released under an openlicense that permits their free use and re-purposing by others.
  26. 26. Education grant making
  27. 27. Search & Discovery
  28. 28. Translations & Accessibility
  29. 29. Customization & Affordability
  30. 30. What is theBusiness / Policy Case for OER?
  31. 31. Rivalrous vs. Non-RivalrousResources vs .
  32. 32. BY SA: By Harvey Barrison http://www.flickr.com/photos/hbarrison/6920142558/
  33. 33. Cost of “Copy” For one 250 page book: • Copy by hand - $1,000 • Copy by print on demand - $4.90 • Copy by computer - $0.00084 CC BY: David Wiley, BYU
  34. 34. Cost of “Distribute” For one 250 page book: • Distribute by mail - $5.20 • $0 with print-on-demand (2000+ copies) • Distribute by internet - $0.00072 CC BY: David Wiley, BYU
  35. 35. Copy and Distribute are “Free” This changes everything CC BY: David Wiley, BYU
  36. 36. Movies, TV Shows, Songs, and TextbooksMovies and TV Shows:• Amazon Prime – $6.59/month ($79/year) for access to 10,000 movies and TV shows• Netflix – $7.99/month for access to 20,000 movies and TV shows• Hulu Plus – $7.99/month for access to 45,000 movies and TV showsCC BY: David Wiley: http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/2348
  37. 37. Movies, TV Shows, Songs, and TextbooksMusic:• Spotify – $9.99/month for access to 15 million songs• Rhapsody – $14.99/month for access to 14 million songsCC BY: David Wiley: http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/2348
  38. 38. CC BY ND / Delta Initiative / http://tinyurl.com/bw3ztnt
  39. 39. Online, on demand access to onetextbook (~$19/month) costs more thanonline, on demand access to everymajor movie, TV show, and songproduced in the US in recent memory($7.99 + $9.99 = $17.98/month).One textbook costs more than theentire output of the film, television, andmusic industries combined. CC BY: David Wiley: http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/2348
  40. 40. When the Marginal Cost of Sharing is $0…- educators have an ethical obligation to share- governments need to get maximum ROI byrequiring publicly funded resources be openlylicensed resources- governments and educators need openlylicensed content: (a) so you can revise & remix(b) buying and maintaining is cheaper thanleasing (w/time bombs)
  41. 41. By: Eurostat:
  42. 42. $60 trillionx 5% =$ 3 trillion
  43. 43. CC BYLines of Bikes By: KOMU Newshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/komunews/6176280963
  44. 44. Partner with Legislators who care about:(a) efficient use of national / state tax dollars;(b) saving students money;increasing access to publicly funded research and data; (c) increasing access to
  45. 45. “By developing this library of openly licensedcourseware and making it available to schooldistricts free of charge, the state and schooldistricts will be able to provide students withcurricula and texts while substantially reducingthe expenses that districts would otherwise incurin purchasing these materials. In addition, thislibrary of openly licensed courseware willprovide districts and students with a broaderselection of materials, and materials that aremore up-to-date.”
  46. 46. CC-BY licensed textbooksfor 90 university courses
  47. 47. $500 million - Wave 2($2 billion over four years)
  48. 48. Publicly fundedresources should beopenly licensedresources.
  49. 49. Why is “Open” Important?• Cooperate & share = We all Win – Faculty have new choices when building learning spaces. – …the more eyes on a problem, the greater chance for a solution.• Affordability: students can’t afford textbooks• Self-interest: good things happen when I share• It’s a social justice issue: everyone should have the right to access digital knowledge.
  50. 50. Building EffectiveTeams & Shifting the Culture toOpen as Default
  51. 51. http://techplan.sbctc.edu“We will cultivate the culture andpractice of using and contributing toopen educational resources.”
  52. 52. But using open educational resources – and contributing to them – requires significantchange in the culture of highereducation. It requires thinking about content as a common resource that raises all boats when shared. (p.11)
  53. 53. English Composition I• 55,000+ enrollments / year• x $175 textbook•= $9.6+ Million every year
  54. 54. English Composition I• 55,000+ enrollments / year• x $175 textbook•= $9.6+ Million every year
  55. 55. Does it make any sense WA State andK-12 Districts together spend$130M/yearon textbooks and the results are:• Books are (on average) 7-10 years out of date• Paper only / no digital versions.• Students can’t write / highlight in books• Students can’t keep books at end of year• All rights reserved… teachers can’t
  56. 56. Does it make any sense WA State andK-12 Districts together spend$130M/yearon textbooks and the results are:• Books are (on average) 7-10 years out of date• Paper only / no digital versions.• Students can’t write / highlight in books• Students can’t keep books at end of year• All rights reserved… teachers can’t
  57. 57. What is the OER opportunitywith K-12 & Common Core?
  58. 58. You are not alone.
  59. 59. CC BY massive change By: sookie
  60. 60. U.S. House Appropriations Committee draft FY2012Labor, Health and Human Services funding billSEC. 124. None of the funds made available by this Actfor the Department of Labor may be used to developnew courses, modules, learning materials, or projects incarrying out education or career job training grantprograms unless the Secretary of Labor certifies,after a comprehensive market-based analysis, thatsuch courses, modules, learning materials, or projectsare not otherwise available for purchase or licensingin the marketplace or under development forstudents who require them to participate in sucheducation or career job training grant programs.http://appropriations.house.gov/UploadedFiles/FY_2012_Final_LHHSE.pdf
  61. 61. U.S. House Appropriations Committee draft FY2012Labor, Health and Human Services funding billSEC. 124. None of the funds made available by this Actfor the Department of Labor may be used to developnew courses, modules, learning materials, or projects incarrying out education or career job training grantprograms unless the Secretary of Labor certifies,after a comprehensive market-based analysis, thatsuch courses, modules, learning materials, or projectsare not otherwise available for purchase or licensingin the marketplace or under development forstudents who require them to participate in sucheducation or career job training grant programs.http://appropriations.house.gov/UploadedFiles/FY_2012_Final_LHHSE.pdf
  62. 62. H.R. 3699"No Federal agency may adopt,implement, maintain, continue, orotherwise engage in any policy, program,or other activity that -- (1) causes,permits, or authorizes networkdissemination of any private-sectorresearch work without the prior consent ofthe publisher of such work; or (2) requiresthat any actual or prospective author, orthe employer of such an actual orprospective author, assent to network
  63. 63. H.R. 3699"No Federal agency may adopt,implement, maintain, continue, orotherwise engage in any policy, program,or other activity that -- (1) causes,permits, or authorizes networkdissemination of any private-sectorresearch work without the prior consent ofthe publisher of such work; or (2) requiresthat any actual or prospective author, orthe employer of such an actual orprospective author, assent to network
  64. 64. But even better, the bill sponsorsaid: • "As the costs of publishing continue to be driven down by new technology, we will continue to see a growth in open access publishers. • This new and innovative model appears to be the wave of the future. The transition must be collaborative, and must respect copyright law and the principles of open access. • The American people deserve to have access to research for which they havehttp://maloney.house.gov/press-release/issa-maloney-statement-research-works-act
  65. 65. Public “The American people deserve to have access to research for which they have paid.”http://maloney.house.gov/press-release/issa-maloney-statement-research-works-act
  66. 66. 046: Rule #2: See Rule #1 By: William CouchCC BY-NC-ND http://www.flickr.com/photos/wcouch/226861055
  67. 67. CC BYBy Michael Gwyther-Joneshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/12587661@N06/7906811250/
  68. 68. Only ONE thing Matters: • Efficient use of public funds to increase student success and access to quality educational materials. • Everything else (including all existing business models) is secondary.
  69. 69. What can your District do?Adopt one Open Textbook.
  70. 70. the opposite of open isn’t “closed”
  71. 71. the opposite of open is “broken” Attribution: John Wilbanks
  72. 72. Dr. Cable GreenDirector of Global Learningcable@creativecommons.org twitter: cgreen

×