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Más de CCAFS | CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security(20)



  2. BACKGROUND CSA Program development informed by: – Uganda’s Agricultural sector climate change vulnerability study – Uganda Agricultural Sector Scoping study on climate change mitigation – National Adaptation Program of Action on Climate Change – UNFCCC Second National Communication – National Climate Change policy – A number of CSA pilot initiatives
  3. Institutional arrangements • MAAIF jointly with MWE spearhead implementation of the CSA Program – Working within the Inter-ministerial Cooperation Framework on Sustainable Land Management • MAAIF has established – A MAAIF Climate Change Committee – A Multi stakeholder Climate Smart Agriculture Taskforce (Community of Practice) – CSA Networks for CSOs, Private Sector and Faith Based Organizations
  4. Road Map for the Development of Uganda’s CSA Program1. Multi-Sectoral team set up to develop the CSA program - January 2015 2. Multi sectoral team participated in regional drafting Meeting in Arusha - January 2015 3. Working Sessions (Meetings) of Country Team in - Country - February 2015 4. Presented of first draft to CSA Taskforce meeting March 2015 5. Expanded Multi sectoral team reviewed Draft CSA Program supported by regional experts – 1-2 April 2015 6. Continued Working Sessions (meetings) of Country Team in - April 2015 7. Presentation of draft CSA program to farmers organizations and Members of parliament May 2015 8. Circulation of draft CSA program to stakeholders for Comments May – Mid June 2015 9. Presentation of draft CSA program to private Sector organizations early June 2015 10. Validation Workshop for CSA program 29 June 2015 11. Finalization of the CSA program July 2015
  5. Uganda’s Agriculture Highly vulnerable to climate change • Dominated by Smallholder farmers • Largely rain-fed • Characterized by low use of external inputs (such as improved seeds, agro-chemicals and fertilizer). • Poor land management practices • High post-harvest losses currently estimated at 30%. • Rudimentary production tools which
  6. Agriculture GHG Emissions in Uganda Table 1: GHG emissions from the different sector source categories Sector GHGs Total sector emission (Gg CO2 eq.) % of total emissions Agriculture N2O, CH4 20,970 57.4 LULCIF CO2, N2O, CH4 10,465 28.7 Energy CH4, CO2, N2O, 3,634 12.2 Waste CH4 808 1.7 Source: MWE (2014) Uganda Second National Communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, GoU/GEF/UNEP, pp 174.
  7. VISION OF THE UGANDA CSA PROGRAM 2015 - 2025 A “Climate resilient and low carbon agriculture and food systems contributing to increased food security, wealth and sustainable economic growth in line with the National Vision 2040.”
  8. Objectives of the CSA Program i. Increase agricultural productivity through climate smart agriculture practices & approaches that consider gender ii. Increase the resilience of agricultural landscapes & communities to the impacts of climate change iii. Increase the contribution of the agricultural sector to low carbon development pathways through transformation of agricultural practices. iv. Strengthen the enabling environment for efficient & effective scaling up of climate smart agriculture. v. Increase partnerships & resource mobilization initiatives to support implementation of climate smart agriculture.
  9. PROGRAMMATIC RESULT AREAS  Uganda CSA Programme aims to build resilience of agricultural farming systems for enhanced food and nutrition security through six Programmatic Result Areas, namely: ▫ Result Area 1: Improved Productivity and incomes ▫ Result Area 2: Building resilience and associated mitigation co- benefits ▫ Result Area 3: Value Chain Integration ▫ Result Area 4: Research for Development and Innovations ▫ Result Area 5: CSA Knowledge,
  10. Some Key Targets for the CSA Program by 2025 • Adoption of climate smart technologies and sustainable land management practices by 1 million farming households. • Post harvest losses along staple food crops (maize, rice, cassava, beans), livestock and fish value chains reduced from 30% to less than 10%. • 20,000 ha of micro irrigation schemes developed to benefit 40,000 households • Output for Urban and peri-urban agriculture increased by 30%. • Marketed output of food and cash crops, livestock and fish products increased by 50%. • Stunting and underweight in children as well as mineral deficiencies in children and women of reproductive age reduced by 50%. • Farm forestry increased by 20%. • Proportion of women and youth participating in CSA initiatives increased by 50% and 20% respectively. • Increased funding to research, development and innovations by 50%.
  11. FOLLOW ON ACTIONS 1. CSA Program has been integrated in the New 5 year Agricultural Sector Strategic Plan (ASSP) and NDP 2. CSA Program has been integrated into the Uganda INDC 3. Identification and Documentation of CSA best practices and sharing of lessons from pilot CSA projects among stake holders 4. Development of CSA Manual for Extension Workers and Farmers in progress 5. Awareness raising of the CSA Program among key policy and decision makers, actors and stakeholders in progress 6. Integration of CSA Program priority intervention into new and on-going projects 7. Partnership building and resource mobilisation are being
  12. Some Ingredients of success identified in Pilot CSA initiatives• Minimum 50% women participation in all CSA activities • Putting more emphasis on farmer to farmer learning visits as a key approach to promoting uptake of CSA technologies/practices • Use of schools to reach out to the youths and the wider community • Value Chain Approach especially the integrate post harvest technologies and agro-processing • Support transformation of farmers groups into viable economic organisations (Producer Cooperatives) • Integrate use of ICT to access weather and marketing information • Link farmers organisation to private sector (input and marketing) firms
  13. Building Blocks for CSA Program Farmer to Farmer Learning approaches women take leadership Farming of the Future for Future generations
  14. Building Blocks for CSA Program Farmers opening up ADP conservation Agriculture Garden in Northern Uganda Minister of Agriculture inspecting a CSA Coffee Banana garden in western Uganda
  15. Building Blocks for CSA Program Private Sector Agro-input companies display their products at a CSA Community Group open day in Eastern Uganda Improving Post Harvest handling at farm level
  16. Building Blocks for CSA Program Small holder Farmers organised in cooperatives Registered Cooperative Enterprise
  17. CSA yield increase visible year after year in the same planting space 2015 2014
  18. Some of the partnerships supporting CSA Projects / Initiatives in Uganda • MAAIF/COMESA/EAC/Norway, DFID, EU/FAO/ Regional CSA initiative • MAAIF/COMESA/ EAC/ Norway, DFID, EU/UNDP/ Enhancing Adoption of CSA project • MAAIF /GEF/UNDP/ SLM projects Integrating CSA • MAAIF /GEF/World Bank/ NARO/ATAAS SLM project • BTC/CDM/MWE • Rural Enterprise Development Services (REDS) Private Sector • Cooperative League of the United States of America (CLUSA) NGO • Uganda Faiths Network for Environmental Action (UFNEA) FBO • 8 Belgium NGOs with Local Partners