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Soil carbon in the NDCs: Analysis results | SOC in NDCs webinar 2020

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Presentation by Liesl Wiese-Rozanova, International agricultural science and policy consultant, South Africa. The presentation was part of the Webinar on Soil carbon in the Nationally Determined Contributions hosted by CCAFS, the German Ministry of Food and Agriculture, and the 4 Per Mille Initiative and held on Earth Day, 22 April 2020.

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Soil carbon in the NDCs: Analysis results | SOC in NDCs webinar 2020

  1. 1. Liesl Wiese-Rozanova CCAFS Webinar, 22 April 2020 Soil carbon in the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs): Analysis results
  2. 2. Mineral soils Organic Soils Mineral + Organic Soils Top 10 countries with potential to sequester or protect SOC (Zomer et al., 2017) (Crump, 2017)
  3. 3. Top 10 countries with potential to sequester or protect SOC NDCs: SOC Peatlands Wetlands (Keyword search) Mineral soils Organic Soils Mineral + Organic Soils (Zomer et al., 2017) (Crump, 2017)
  4. 4. 27 NDCs refer to: SOC (13) Peatlands (6) Wetlands (14) Analysis of NDCs (Agriculture / AFOLU / LULUCF)
  5. 5. 1. SOC part of unquantified target Armenia, China, Zambia, Pakistan, Palestine 2. SOC part of quantified target Canada, Japan, Namibia, Malawi, Uruguay SOC in the NDCs (Agriculture / AFOLU / LULUCF) 3. SOC sequestration as quantified mitigation co-benefit from adaptation Burkina Faso 4. Mention of SOC without clear links to mitigation targets Syria, Bolivia 5. National policies/ plans Canada, Pakistan, Uruguay Key: Unconditional target Conditional target Unconditional and conditional target Some countries have SOC related policies not reflected in NDCs Brazil, EU, USA Expert interviews: Brazil, Burkina Faso, Canada, China, EU, Indonesia, Japan, USA
  6. 6. 1. SOC part of unquantified target Burundi 2. SOC part of quantified target Belarus, Indonesia, Uruguay Peatlands in the NDCs (Agriculture / AFOLU / LULUCF) 3. Mention of peatland without clear links to mitigation targets Malaysia 4. National policies/ plans Burundi, Indonesia, Uruguay Key: Unconditional target Conditional target Unconditional and conditional target Contribution of peatlands to mitigation targets specified or interpreted to relate to SOC except Afghanistan which specifies reduction in N2O emissions
  7. 7. 1. Wetland protection/ restoration/ increased carbon storage as unquantified target China, Iceland, Indonesia, Suriname, Vietnam 2. Wetland protection/ restoration/ increased carbon storage as quantified target Canada, Uganda, Uruguay Wetlands in the NDCs (Agriculture / AFOLU / LULUCF) 3. Unspecified mitigation co-benefits from adaptation United Arab Emirates 4. Wetland conservation/ restoration under adaptation Burundi, Indonesia, Uruguay 5. National policies/ plans Belize, Canada, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Uganda
  8. 8. Specification of measures/ practices NDCs Measure/s Countries Agroforestry/Silvo-pastoralism* Malawi, Palestine Conservation agriculture Zambia Grassland/ Pasture land management China, Japan, Uruguay Organic amendments (manure, compost, biochar) Malawi Reduced/stopped (crop residue) burning Erosion control Integrated soil fertility management Reduced or no-tillage Uruguay Residue retention (mulching) Malawi, Uruguay Cover crops Uruguay Fallow SOC specified in NDC Mitigation Adaptation 31 36 21 13 14 16 12 10 12 6 9 41 6 13 5 6 3 3 2 1 1 1 *Measures specified in relation to SOC
  9. 9. Challenges associated with SOC in NDCs SOC target setting • Accuracy, affordability and data availability for measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) of SOC • Monitoring changes in SOC over time and link to management practices • Identifying and tracking relevant measures at national level • Ensuring GHG inventories can accommodate data and indicators National priorities • Objective of SOC protection or sequestration is secondary to that of enhancing agricultural production for food security Link to land users • Considering relevant practices with attractive economic benefits for farmers • Provision of incentives (i.e. subsidies) does not guarantee adoption
  10. 10. • Quantifying the contribution of long-term national actions to SOC • Quantifying mitigation co-benefits of adaptation actions • Provide sectoral or sub-sectoral targets in addition to economy-wide targets Increase NDC ambition by: Increase transparency for global SOC accounting How can countries include SOC in future NDCs? More ambition and tougher targets needed to achieve 1.5 - 2°C Paris Agreement targets Examples to include SOC in second 5-year NDC cycle: Leverage support for national policies, technical capacity, climate finance • Specifying SOC in relation to SOC-supporting measures already included in NDCs • Setting conditional SOC mitigation targets for developing countries NDCs as indicator of policy action on soil health and climate
  11. 11. 11 Thank you for your attention. This work was: • Funded by Vanguard Charitable, with assistance from Betsy Taylor, Breakthrough Strategies and Solutions • Implemented as part of the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), funded by CGIAR Trust Fund and bilateral funding • Supported by the German Federal Ministry for Food and Agriculture (BLE) and the 4 per 1000 Soil Initiative. Link: InfoNote: Enhancing Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) ambition for soil organic carbon protection and sequestration

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