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COGNITIVE-CODE
APPROACHES
Cecilia Maller Araya
Teaching English for Secondary Education
 Evident in the 1960s.
 Cognitive refers to any attempt to rely consciously on a syllabus
based on grammar, but at the s...
 i.e. phonemes learnt before words.
 Words before phrases and sentences.
 Simple sentences before complex ones,etc.
 Lessons:
Highly structured deductive process.
 Creative lg. appears at later levels during practice.
 Learners general...
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Cognitive code approaches

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Cognitive code approaches

  1. 1. COGNITIVE-CODE APPROACHES Cecilia Maller Araya Teaching English for Secondary Education
  2. 2.  Evident in the 1960s.  Cognitive refers to any attempt to rely consciously on a syllabus based on grammar, but at the same time to allow the practice and use of lg. in meaningful ways. ( Richard and Rogers 1986). Subskills in listening, reading, speaking and writing ( sound discrimination, pronunciation of certain elements, distinguishing between similar letters ) must be mastered before real communication
  3. 3.  i.e. phonemes learnt before words.  Words before phrases and sentences.  Simple sentences before complex ones,etc.
  4. 4.  Lessons: Highly structured deductive process.  Creative lg. appears at later levels during practice.  Learners generally produce correctly from the beginning.  Most of the time devoted to temporally related but often unmotivated discourse.

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