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Art Movements

Abstract Expressionism
  to Conceptual Art
Art Movements
   To begin click on a movement. Learn about aspects of the movement.
               Then click on a highlighted artist to learn more.
        Click on the artist name to connect to their web biographies.
               Click on the text in the bottom corner to return.



• Abstract                            • Minimalism
  Expressionism                       • Conceptual Art
• Op Art
• Pop Art
Abstract Expressionism
• Paint and draw using instinct, psychic self-expression to
  spontaneously arrange space, line, shape, and color.
• Encompasses Action and Color Field Painting
    – Action is more violent and about the physical act of
      painting over subject matter
    – Color Field is calmer using large canvases with saturated
      painting
• From the Mid- 1940s to the 1950s
• Artists: Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Mark
  Rothko, Franz Kline, Ad Reinhardt, Lee Krasner ect.

Art Movements
Jackson Pollock
Jackson Pollock, American, 1912-1956      Using a drip technique by which he
Autumn Rhythm (Number 30) 1950         controlled the the application of multiple
Enamel on Canvas                       layers of paint created through the physical
The Metropolitan Museum of Art         action of painting.




                                                            Abstract Expressionism
Willem de
                                           Kooning
                                              Willem de
                                           Kooning, American, 1904 –
                                           1997, known for his depictions
                                           of women that later become
                                           light open abstractions. Using
                                           flat bold color and vast whites
                                           that create expansive space.
Willem de Kooning; American, 1904 – 1997
Untitled XIII 1985
oil on canvas
The Cleveland Museum of Art
Abstract Expressionism
Most of his works consist of
three or four bands of color, “the
simple expression of the complex
thought”. The Edges of shapes
are feathered and soft. The
paints are applied by rags and
sponges creating many layers and
depth.



Mark Rothko

                                Mark Rothko, American, born in Russia, 1903-1970
                                               No. 13 (White, Red on Yellow) 1958
                                Oil and acrylic with powdered pigments on canvas
Abstract Expressionism                           The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Op Art
• Optical Art, where perception is abstracted
• Mid-1950s to early 1970s
• Optical illusions giving the illusion of movement or
  depth
• Often Non-representational
• Prescience geometric shapes and lines that repeated
  creating dimension
• Subject matter is non-representational
• Artists: Josef Albers, Bridget Riley, Victor
  Vasarely, Richard Anuszkiewicz, Julian Stanczak, ect.
Art Movements
Bridget Riley 1931-
                                Fission 1963
                                Tempera on Board
                                University of California, San Diego
 Bridget
 Riley
 Riley’s work creates the
 feeling of movement here
 using black shapes on white.
 The use of other geometric
 shapes in her work produce
 the sensation of movement or
 color for the viewer.



Op Art
Albers Work deals with the
                                                    effect of color on the eye. That
                                                    creates a relationship between
                                                    figure and ground. Crisp forms
                                                    are often created using Screen-
                                                    printing so as to not detract
                                                    from the form with
                                                    brushstrokes.




                                                    Josef Albers
Josef Albers, American, born in Germany 1888-1976
Homage to the Square: Soft Spoken 1969
Oil on Masonite
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Op Art
Pop Art
• Late 1950s to 1960s
• Reflection of modern culture and Post War
  Consumer Culture
• Comical and Object based subject matter with
  ideas that are highly recognizable.
• Vivid Colors, bold shapes
• Artists: Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, David
  Hockney, Tom Wesselmann, ect.
Art Movements
Andy Warhol
              Andy Warhol, American, 1930 – 1987
              Mao, 1972
              Silkscreen Print
              The Minneapolis Institute of Arts



              Warhol is most know for is stylistic
              portraits of poop culture icons, such
              as celebrities and political figures.
              As talented painter, printmaker, and
              filmmaker Warhol used methods of
              mass production to creates some of
              the most iconic images from the 60’s
              to the 70’s but exploiting
              consumerism and mass media.


                                          Pop Art
Roy Lichtenstein
                                                         Lichtenstein uses bold black
                                                         outlining and dots of color in
                                                         the style of many comics. His
                                                         images often are narrative
                                                         and like with comics include
                                                         some text. His most popular
                                                         works are 2 D although he
                                                         has many sculptures that
                                                         incorporate his comic style.




Roy Lichtenstein, American 1923-1997
Reflections: Wonder Woman, 1989
Oil and magna on canvas
The Estate of Roy Lichtenstein / Roy Lichtenstein Foundation.
                                                                               Pop Art
Minimalism
• 1960’s to 1970’s in the United States
• Idea was to strip the medium to the essentials
• Most work of this movement is 3 dimensional
• Geometric forms that were repetitive and neutral
• Reaction to the Abstract Expressionist; lacks
  expression or the representation of objects
• Artists: Richard Serra, Frank Stella, Robert
  Morris, Donald Judd, ect.
Art Movements
Serra creates large scale steel sculptures
Richard Serra   using the nature of his materials to his
                advantage. His minimalistic style
                connects the material with the process.




                                            Richard Serra,
                                            1939
                                            Balanced,1970
                                            hot rolled steel
                                             Installation
                                            Larry Qualls


                                               Minimalism
Frank Stella, American, 1936 –
Quathlamba II       1967             Frank Stella paints the the
Color Lithograph                     idea in mind that the paining
Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco   is an object rather than a
                                     representation.


Frank Stella                                                     Minimalism
Conceptual Art
• Mid-1960’s to 1970’s, World Wide Movement
• Idea based works, present a reaction to the
  business of art
• Goes beyond traditional art limitations
• Often the concept is the art and the
  documentation is the product seen by the viewer
• Subject matter varies a wide spectrum from
  political, social, and cultural.
• Artists: Lawrence Weiner, Joseph Kosuth, Dennis
  Oppenheim, Hans Haacke, ect.
Art Movements
Lawrence Weiner
                                   Weiner like many
                                   conceptual artist set a
                                   specific parameter for his
                                   works that he must follow.
                                   His mediums vary
                                   depending on which may
                                   best represent the idea.
                                   Many works are text, or
                                   typographically, based.




Lawrence Weiner, American, 1942-
Five Figures of Structure, 1986
Instillation of Text
Larry Qualls
                                           Conceptual Art
Oppenheim is known for
his
Conceptual, Performance,
and Earth Art. His work
shown on the right is mix
of all of these things. He
connects the act of
shoveling the snow with
the pattern of a tree’s
growth, to the idea of the
Division of Canada and
and the United States by
time and water.
                             Oppenheim, Dennis, 1938-
                             Annual Rings, St. John River, Fort Kent, Maine 1968
                             Documentation of Conceptual Work
                             University of California, San Diego


         Dennis Oppenheim                                               Conceptual Art
Joseph Kosuth                         Kosuth works in limitations, exploring the
One and Three Chairs , 1969           Nature of Art by creating it. This piece is
Conceptual Project Documentation      in three parts: a photograph of the
University of California, San Diego   chair, the book definition of a chair and an
                                      actual chair. He does this to represent
                                      Plato’s work on the Nature of Forms.




                                                              Joseph
                                                              Kosuth
                                                                  Conceptual Art
References
Baigell, Matthew. A Concise History Of American Painting And Sculpture: Revised Edition.
   United States: Westview Press, 1996. Print.


Hudelson, Mark. "Movements in Twentieth-Century Art After World War II.”

Prof. Hudelson's Website. 2007. Palomar College. 4 Aug 2009

<http://daphne.palomar.edu/mhudelson/StudyGuides/20thCentLate_WA.html>.



"Multiple Collection Search." ARTstor. 2009. Mellon Foundation. 4 Aug 2009

<http://www.artstor.org>.

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Art Movements Post Wwii

  • 2. Art Movements To begin click on a movement. Learn about aspects of the movement. Then click on a highlighted artist to learn more. Click on the artist name to connect to their web biographies. Click on the text in the bottom corner to return. • Abstract • Minimalism Expressionism • Conceptual Art • Op Art • Pop Art
  • 3. Abstract Expressionism • Paint and draw using instinct, psychic self-expression to spontaneously arrange space, line, shape, and color. • Encompasses Action and Color Field Painting – Action is more violent and about the physical act of painting over subject matter – Color Field is calmer using large canvases with saturated painting • From the Mid- 1940s to the 1950s • Artists: Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Franz Kline, Ad Reinhardt, Lee Krasner ect. Art Movements
  • 4. Jackson Pollock Jackson Pollock, American, 1912-1956 Using a drip technique by which he Autumn Rhythm (Number 30) 1950 controlled the the application of multiple Enamel on Canvas layers of paint created through the physical The Metropolitan Museum of Art action of painting. Abstract Expressionism
  • 5. Willem de Kooning Willem de Kooning, American, 1904 – 1997, known for his depictions of women that later become light open abstractions. Using flat bold color and vast whites that create expansive space. Willem de Kooning; American, 1904 – 1997 Untitled XIII 1985 oil on canvas The Cleveland Museum of Art Abstract Expressionism
  • 6. Most of his works consist of three or four bands of color, “the simple expression of the complex thought”. The Edges of shapes are feathered and soft. The paints are applied by rags and sponges creating many layers and depth. Mark Rothko Mark Rothko, American, born in Russia, 1903-1970 No. 13 (White, Red on Yellow) 1958 Oil and acrylic with powdered pigments on canvas Abstract Expressionism The Metropolitan Museum of Art
  • 7. Op Art • Optical Art, where perception is abstracted • Mid-1950s to early 1970s • Optical illusions giving the illusion of movement or depth • Often Non-representational • Prescience geometric shapes and lines that repeated creating dimension • Subject matter is non-representational • Artists: Josef Albers, Bridget Riley, Victor Vasarely, Richard Anuszkiewicz, Julian Stanczak, ect. Art Movements
  • 8. Bridget Riley 1931- Fission 1963 Tempera on Board University of California, San Diego Bridget Riley Riley’s work creates the feeling of movement here using black shapes on white. The use of other geometric shapes in her work produce the sensation of movement or color for the viewer. Op Art
  • 9. Albers Work deals with the effect of color on the eye. That creates a relationship between figure and ground. Crisp forms are often created using Screen- printing so as to not detract from the form with brushstrokes. Josef Albers Josef Albers, American, born in Germany 1888-1976 Homage to the Square: Soft Spoken 1969 Oil on Masonite The Metropolitan Museum of Art Op Art
  • 10. Pop Art • Late 1950s to 1960s • Reflection of modern culture and Post War Consumer Culture • Comical and Object based subject matter with ideas that are highly recognizable. • Vivid Colors, bold shapes • Artists: Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, David Hockney, Tom Wesselmann, ect. Art Movements
  • 11. Andy Warhol Andy Warhol, American, 1930 – 1987 Mao, 1972 Silkscreen Print The Minneapolis Institute of Arts Warhol is most know for is stylistic portraits of poop culture icons, such as celebrities and political figures. As talented painter, printmaker, and filmmaker Warhol used methods of mass production to creates some of the most iconic images from the 60’s to the 70’s but exploiting consumerism and mass media. Pop Art
  • 12. Roy Lichtenstein Lichtenstein uses bold black outlining and dots of color in the style of many comics. His images often are narrative and like with comics include some text. His most popular works are 2 D although he has many sculptures that incorporate his comic style. Roy Lichtenstein, American 1923-1997 Reflections: Wonder Woman, 1989 Oil and magna on canvas The Estate of Roy Lichtenstein / Roy Lichtenstein Foundation. Pop Art
  • 13. Minimalism • 1960’s to 1970’s in the United States • Idea was to strip the medium to the essentials • Most work of this movement is 3 dimensional • Geometric forms that were repetitive and neutral • Reaction to the Abstract Expressionist; lacks expression or the representation of objects • Artists: Richard Serra, Frank Stella, Robert Morris, Donald Judd, ect. Art Movements
  • 14. Serra creates large scale steel sculptures Richard Serra using the nature of his materials to his advantage. His minimalistic style connects the material with the process. Richard Serra, 1939 Balanced,1970 hot rolled steel Installation Larry Qualls Minimalism
  • 15. Frank Stella, American, 1936 – Quathlamba II 1967 Frank Stella paints the the Color Lithograph idea in mind that the paining Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco is an object rather than a representation. Frank Stella Minimalism
  • 16. Conceptual Art • Mid-1960’s to 1970’s, World Wide Movement • Idea based works, present a reaction to the business of art • Goes beyond traditional art limitations • Often the concept is the art and the documentation is the product seen by the viewer • Subject matter varies a wide spectrum from political, social, and cultural. • Artists: Lawrence Weiner, Joseph Kosuth, Dennis Oppenheim, Hans Haacke, ect. Art Movements
  • 17. Lawrence Weiner Weiner like many conceptual artist set a specific parameter for his works that he must follow. His mediums vary depending on which may best represent the idea. Many works are text, or typographically, based. Lawrence Weiner, American, 1942- Five Figures of Structure, 1986 Instillation of Text Larry Qualls Conceptual Art
  • 18. Oppenheim is known for his Conceptual, Performance, and Earth Art. His work shown on the right is mix of all of these things. He connects the act of shoveling the snow with the pattern of a tree’s growth, to the idea of the Division of Canada and and the United States by time and water. Oppenheim, Dennis, 1938- Annual Rings, St. John River, Fort Kent, Maine 1968 Documentation of Conceptual Work University of California, San Diego Dennis Oppenheim Conceptual Art
  • 19. Joseph Kosuth Kosuth works in limitations, exploring the One and Three Chairs , 1969 Nature of Art by creating it. This piece is Conceptual Project Documentation in three parts: a photograph of the University of California, San Diego chair, the book definition of a chair and an actual chair. He does this to represent Plato’s work on the Nature of Forms. Joseph Kosuth Conceptual Art
  • 20. References Baigell, Matthew. A Concise History Of American Painting And Sculpture: Revised Edition. United States: Westview Press, 1996. Print. Hudelson, Mark. "Movements in Twentieth-Century Art After World War II.” Prof. Hudelson's Website. 2007. Palomar College. 4 Aug 2009 <http://daphne.palomar.edu/mhudelson/StudyGuides/20thCentLate_WA.html>. "Multiple Collection Search." ARTstor. 2009. Mellon Foundation. 4 Aug 2009 <http://www.artstor.org>.