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ITU(International Telecommunication Union)•An agency of the UN•193 Member States•around 700 Sector Members and AssociatesITU Sectors•Radiocommunication (ITR-U)•Standardization (ITR-T)•Development (ITU-D)The Plenipotentiary Conference•the top policy-making body of the ITU.•Held every four years, next one will be held in Busan in 2014
ITRs(International Telecommunication Regulations)•ITRs : a binding international treaty developed in 1988 (ITU-T Recommendations : non-mandatory status until they are adopted in national laws)•can be amended through WCIT (World Conference on International Telecommunications)WCIT -12•in December 3~14, 2012, in Dubai•amending ITRs for the first time since 1988
Signatories of the Final Acts: 89 have signed, 55 have not
ITRs•Preamble•Article 1 Purpose and scope of the Regulations•Article 2 Definitions•Article 3 International network•Article 4 International telecommunication services•Article 5 Safety of life and priority of telecommunications•Article 5A Security and robustness of networks•Article 5B Unsolicited bulk electronic communications•Article 6 Charging and accounting•Article 7 Suspension of services•Article 8 Dissemination of information•Article 8A Energy efficiency/e-waste•Article 8B Accessibility•Article 9 Special arrangements•Article 10 Final provisions
PreambleMember States affirm their commitment to implementthese Regulations in a manner that respects and upholdstheir human rights obligations.These Regulations recognize the right of access ofMember States to international telecommunicationservices.Article 11.1 a) .... These Regulations do not address the content-related aspects of telecommunications.
ARTICLE 5A Security and robustness of networksMember States shall individually and collectively endeavour toensure the security and robustness of internationaltelecommunication networks in order to achieve effective usethereof and avoidance of technical harm thereto, as well as theharmonious development of international telecommunicationservices offered to the public.ARTICLE 5B Unsolicited bulk electronic communications41C Member States should endeavour to take necessarymeasures to prevent the propagation of unsolicited bulkelectronic communications and minimize its impact oninternational telecommunication services. Member States areencouraged to cooperate in that sense.
RESOLUTION PLEN/3 (DUBAI, 2012)To foster an enabling environment for the greater growth of the Internet TheWorld Conference on International Telecommunications (Dubai, 2012),recognizinga) the outcome documents of the Geneva (2003) and Tunis (2005) phasesof the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS);b) that the Internet is a central element of the infrastructure of theinformation society, which has evolved from a research and academicfacility into a global facility available to the public;c) the importance of broadband capacity to facilitate the delivery of abroader range of services and applications, promote investment and provideInternet access at affordable prices to both existing and new users;d) the valuable contribution of all stakeholder groups in their respectiveroles, as recognized in § 35 of the Tunis Agenda for the Information Society,to the evolution, functioning and development of the Internet;e) that, as stated in the WSIS outcomes, all governments should have anequal role and responsibility for international Internet governance and forensuring the stability, security and continuity of the existing Internet and itsfuture development and of the future internet, and that the need fordevelopment of public policy by governments in consultation with allstakeholders is also recognized;f) Resolutions 101, 102 and 133 (Rev. Guadalajara, 2010) of thePlenipotentiary Conference,
resolves to invite Member States1 to elaborate on their respective positions on international Internet-relatedtechnical, development and public-policy issues within the mandate of ITU atvarious ITU forums including, inter alia, the World Telecommunication/ICTPolicy Forum, the Broadband Commission for Digital Development and ITUstudy groups;2 to engage with all their stakeholders in this regard,instructs the Secretary-General1 to continue to take the necessary steps for ITU to play an active andconstructive role in the development of broadband and the multistakeholdermodel of the Internet as expressed in § 35 of the Tunis Agenda;2 to support the participation of Member States and all other stakeholders, asapplicable, in the activities of ITU in this regard.