SlideShare ist ein Scribd-Unternehmen logo
1 von 31
Downloaden Sie, um offline zu lesen
Presentation at the Bank of America 2023 Defense Outlook
and Commercial Aerospace Forum
January 4, 2023
Eric J. Labs
National Security Division
The 2023 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding:
Finding a Course to a More Distributed Fleet
1
Relevant Reports by CBO
2
▪ Congressional Support for Shipbuilding
▪ The Navy’s Evolving Force Structure Analysis and Shipbuilding Plans
▪ CBO’s Analysis of the Navy’s 2023 Shipbuilding Plan
– Purchases and Their Effects on Inventory
– Costs
– Measures of Capability
▪ The 2023 Plan’s Implications for the Submarine Industrial Base
Finding a Course to a More Distributed Fleet
3
Congressional Support for Shipbuilding
4
FY = fiscal year.
Shipbuilding Requests and Appropriations, FY 2013 to FY 2023
The Congress
has consistently
appropriated
more funds for
shipbuilding than
Administrations
have requested.
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
President's Request
Appropriated Funds
Billions of Dollars
5
Congressional Action on Shipbuilding for FY 2023
President’s
Request HASC SASC NDAA HAC-D SAC-D Omnibus
Ship Purchases
Destroyers 2 3 2 3 2 3 3
Submarines 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Frigates 1 2 1 1 1 1 1
Amphibious Ships 1* 1 1 1 1 1 1
Logistics and Support Ships 2 5 2 4 2 4 4
Total 8 13 8 11 8 11 11
Shipbuilding Budgets (Billions of dollars)
New Combat Ships 23.9 27.0 24.5 26.7 23.8 27.1 26.7
New Logistics and Support Ships 0.9 2.3 0.9 1.5 0.9 1.5 1.5
Other 3.1 3.3 4.0 4.4 3.0 3.3 3.8
Total 27.9 32.7 29.3 32.6 27.8 31.9 32.0
Amount Above President’s Request 4.8 1.4 4.7 -0.1 4.0 4.1
Percentage of Increase Above FY 2022
Amounts 23% 15% 17% 19% 18% 19% 20%
FY = fiscal year; HAC-D = House Appropriations Committee, Defense Appropriations Subcommittee; HASC = House Armed Services Committee; NDAA = National Defense
Authorization Act for 2023; SAC-D = Senate Appropriations Committee, Defense Appropriations Subcommittee; SASC = Senate Armed Services Committee.
6
The Navy’s Evolving Force Structure
Analysis and Shipbuilding Plans
7
The Navy’s Inventory Analysis and Goals, Circa 2018 to 2022
2020 Future Naval
Forces Study
(December 2020 plan)
2020 Integrated FSA
(Reported in 2023
Plan)
Future Naval Forces Study
Future Fleet Architecture
(Reported in 2023 Plan)
Navy’s 2022
Shipbuilding
Plan
Chief of Naval
Operations’
Navigation Plan 2022
Aircraft Carriers 8 to 11 12 8 to 11 9 to 11 12
Light Carriers 0 to 6 0 0 to 6 n.a. 0
Ballistic Missile Submarines 12 12 12 12 12
Attack and Guided Missile Submarines 72 to 78 66 58 to 70 66 to 72 66
Large Surface Combatants 73 to 88 96 72 to 80 63 to 65 96
Small Surface Combatants 60 to 67 56 47 to 60 40 to 45 56
Large/Midsize Amphibious Ships
Amphibious Assault Ships 9 to 10 10 6 to 10 8 to 9 10
Midsize Amphibious Ships
52 to 57 41 30 to 43
16 to 19 21
Light Amphibious Warships 24 to 35 18
Combat Ships Subtotal 286 to 329 293 233 to 292 238 to 268 291
Logistics and Support Ships 96 to 117 97 78 to 136 83 to 104 82
Total, Manned Battle Force Ships 382 to 446 390 337 to 404 321 to 372 373
Unmanned Surface Vessels 119 to 166 27 81 to 153 59 to 89 Unknown
Unmanned Undersea Vessels 24 to 76 18 18 to 50 18 to 51 Unknown
Total, Unmanned Vessels 143 to 242 45 99 to 203 77 to 140 About 150
Total, All Ships and Vessels 525 to 688 435 440 to 540 398 to 512 About 523
8
The Navy’s Projections of Its Fleet Under the Past 11 Shipbuilding
Plans, Compared With Actual Inventories
240
260
280
300
320
340
360
2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030
2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2019 2020 Dec. 2020 2023 Plan Actual Fleet Inventory
Actual Fleet Inventory (Thick black line)
9
This chart does not reflect the Navy’s proposal, in 2015, to adjust the way battle force ships are counted.
LCS = littoral combat ship.
Early Ship Retirements Have Undermined the Navy’s Goals to
Increase the Size of Its Fleet
260
270
280
290
300
310
320
330
2000 2003 2006 2009 2012 2015 2018 2021 2024 2027
24 Spruance class
destroyers are
retired over five
years.
30 frigates are rapidly
decommissioned over five
years. Between 2010 and
2015, no destroyers are
commissioned. The Navy
commissions 6 LCSs and
12 support ships.
All cruisers and 11 LCSs to
retire over five years.
The Navy's goals
call for a 355-ship.
The Navy's goals
call for a 375-ship
fleet.
Number of Ships
The Navy's goals
call for a 306-ship
fleet.
The Navy's goals
call for a 313-ship
fleet.
The Navy's analyses call for a
much larger and more
distributed fleet.
10
CBO’s Analysis of the Navy’s 2023
Shipbuilding Plan: Purchases and
Their Effects on Inventory
11
10 U.S. Code § 231: Budgeting for Construction of Naval Vessels
The Congress requires the Navy to submit a
30-year shipbuilding plan every year.
(The Navy does not always do that.)
The Congress requires CBO to assess the
Navy’s plan and provide an independent
analysis of it. (CBO always does that.)
In a departure from all previous shipbuilding
plans, the Navy’s fiscal year 2023 shipbuilding
plan provided three alternative long-range
projections of its future fleet rather than one.
12
* = The Administration counts an amphibious assault ship as being authorized in 2023, although the Congress authorized that ship in 2020.
The Navy’s Five-Year Shipbuilding Plan, 2023 to 2027
2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 Total
Columbia Class Ballistic Missile Submarines 0 1 0 1 1 3
Virginia Class Attack Submarines 2 2 2 2 2 10
Arleigh Burke Class Destroyers 2 2 2 2 2 10
Constellation Class Guided Missile Frigates 1 2 1 2 1 7
America Class Amphibious Assault Ships * 0 0 0 0 0
San Antonio Class Amphibious Transport Docks 1 0 0 0 0 1
Light Amphibious Warships 0 0 1 1 2 4
John Lewis Class Oilers 1 2 1 1 1 6
Next-Generation Logistics Ships 0 0 0 1 1 2
Support Ships 1 0 2 3 1 7
Total 8 9 9 13 11 50
T-ARC Cable Laying Ships 0 1 0 0 0 1
Used Sealift Ships 2 2 2 2 2 10
Large Unmanned Systems 0 0 3 4 5 12
Total, Shipbuilding Costs (Billions of dollars) 27.9 28.9 30.9 33.0 29.9 150.6
13
DDG = guided missile destroyer; DDG(X) = next-generation destroyer; FFG = guided missile frigate; SSN(X) = next-generation attack submarine; VPMs = Virginia payload modules.
Ship Purchases Under the Navy’s 2023 Plan
Alternative 1 Alternative 2 Alternative 3
Aircraft Carriers 5 5 7
Ballistic Missile and Large Payload Submarines 15 17 15
Virginia Class Attack Submarines With VPMs 23 33 27
Virginia Class Attack Submarines Without VPMs 0 16 0
SSN(X)s 31 17 33
DDG-51 Flight IIIs 16 18 17
DDG(X)s 38 29 47
FFG-62 17 11 17
FFG-62 Flight IIs 35 44 40
Large and Midsize Amphibious Warfare Ships 10 13 14
Light Amphibious Warships 40 34 49
Combat Logistics and Support Ships 52 57 74
Total 282 294 340
14
Battle Force Ships: Requirements and Projections
Under the Navy’s 2023 Plan
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
2022 2027 2032 2037 2042 2047 2052
High End of Requirements Range: 446 ships -- 2020 Future Naval Forces Study
Low End of Requirements Range: 321 ships - - 2022 Shipbuilding Plan
Alternative 3
Alternative 1
Alternative 2
15
Large Surface Combatants: Requirements and Projections
Under the Navy’s 2023 Plan
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
2022 2027 2032 2037 2042 2047 2052
High End of Requirements Range: 96 ships -- Chief of Naval Operations' Navigation Plan 2022
Low End of Requirements Range: 63 ships - - 2022 Shipbuilding Plan
Alternative 3
Alternative 1
Alternative 2
16
Attack Submarines: Requirements and Projections Under the
Navy’s 2023 Plan
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
2022 2027 2032 2037 2042 2047 2052
High End of Requirements Range: 78 ships -- 2020 Future Naval Forces Study
Low End of Requirements Range: 58 ships - - Future Naval Forces Study
Future Fleet Architecture, Reported in 2023 Plan
Alternative 3
Alternative 1
Alternative 2
66 ships appears most often as a goal
17
Small Surface Combatants: Requirements and Projections Under
the Navy’s 2023 Plan
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
2022 2027 2032 2037 2042 2047 2052
High End of Requirements Range: 67 ships -- Chief of Naval Operations' Navigation Plan 2022
Low End of Requirements Range: 40 ships - - 2022 Shipbuilding Plan
Alternative 3
Alternative 1
Alternative 2
18
Large and Midsize Amphibious Warfare Ships: Requirements and
Projections Under the Navy’s 2023 Plan
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
2022 2027 2032 2037 2042 2047 2052
High End of Requirements Range: 31 ships -- Chief of Naval Operations' Navigation Plan 2022
Low End of Requirements Range: 24 ships - - 2022 Shipbuilding Plan
Alternative 3
Alternative 1
Alternative 2
19
The mismatch is the result of many factors, including:
▪ Costs,
▪ Natural lag,
▪ Bureaucratic inertia,
▪ Congressional skepticism,
▪ Constraints on the industrial base,
▪ The shipbuilding industry's preference for building existing product lines,
▪ Tension between wartime needs and peacetime operations, and
▪ The lack of a natural constituency for a more distributed fleet.
Why Is There a Mismatch Between the Navy’s Shipbuilding
Analysis/Goals and Ship Purchases?
20
CBO’s Analysis of the Navy’s 2023
Shipbuilding Plan: Costs
21
Source: Congressional Budget Office, An Analysis of the Navy’s Fiscal Year 2023 Shipbuilding Plan (November 2022), www.cbo.gov/publication/58447.
The Navy’s Estimates of Average Annual Costs of New-Ship
Construction Under Its 2023 Plan, by Ship Type
The Navy estimates
that building new ships
would cost $23 billion
to $25 billion per year,
on average, under the
three alternatives in its
2023 plan.
22
Source: Congressional Budget Office, An Analysis of the Navy’s Fiscal Year 2023 Shipbuilding Plan (November 2022), www.cbo.gov/publication/58447.
a. Includes construction of ships that are not part of the Navy’s battle force (such as oceanographic survey ships or sealift ships), outfitting and postdelivery activities (including the
purchase of smaller tools and pieces of equipment that are needed to operate a ship but that are not provided by the manufacturing shipyard as part of ship construction), efforts to
extend ships’ service life, service craft, and smaller items.
b. Includes funding for building new aircraft carriers as well as refueling the nuclear power plants of aircraft carriers already in the fleet.
Average Annual Total Shipbuilding Costs Under the Navy’s 2023
Plan, as Estimated by CBO and the Navy
CBO estimates that
the alternatives in the
2023 shipbuilding plan
would cost more than
the Navy anticipates.
23
SSBN = ballistic missile submarine; SSN(X) = next-generation attack submarine.
For the SSN(X), the Navy wants the speed and lethality of the Seawolf class, the stealth
characteristics of the Columbia class, and the vertical missile capability of the original Virginia
class submarines.
The Navy’s cost estimate for the SSN(X) is $5.6 billion per ship.
How much will the SSN(X) weigh?
▪ Compared with that of the original unimproved Los Angeles class ships, the displacement
of Virginia class ships increased by 11 percent.
▪ Compared with that of the Ohio class SSBN, the displacement of the Columbia class SSBN
increased by about 20 percent (adjusted for the differing number of ballistic missiles).
CBO estimated the size of the SSN(X) at 10,100 tons of displacement when fully submerged—
about 11 percent larger than a Seawolf class ship.
CBO estimates that each SSN(X) would cost about $6.5 billion under Alternatives 1 and 3, and
about $7.4 billion under Alternative 2.
Major Cost Drivers of the Navy’s 2023 Plan: The SSN(X)
24
CG = guided missile cruiser; DDG = guided missile destroyer; DDG(X) = next-generation destroyer.
The Navy estimates that the average cost of the DDG(X) would vary from $2.3 billion
to $2.4 billion per year—10 percent more than the estimated cost of the DDG-51
Flight III in the Navy’s 2023 shipbuilding plan.
The Navy has indicated that the DDG(X) would displace 13,500 tons—40 percent
greater than the displacement of the DDG-51 Flight III.
The Navy hopes that the reuse of combat systems with a new hull and new
mechanical and electrical systems will keep costs down.
The transition from the CG-47 to the DDG-51 did not result in a substantial reduction
in the cost-to-weight ratio. (It did result in a less expensive ship because the DDG-51
was a smaller ship.)
Major Cost Drivers of the Navy’s 2023 Plan: The DDG(X)
25
Source: Congressional Budget Office, An Analysis of the Navy’s Fiscal Year 2023 Shipbuilding Plan (November 2022), www.cbo.gov/publication/58447.
CBO’s Estimate of the Navy’s Total Budget Under Its 2023 Plan
As the fleet grew in
size under the
alternatives in the 2023
plan, the Navy’s total
budget would grow
from $220 billion today
to roughly $290 billion
by 2052.
26
CBO’s Analysis of the Navy’s 2023
Shipbuilding Plan: Measures of Capability
27
Source: Congressional Budget Office, An Analysis of the Navy’s Fiscal Year 2023 Shipbuilding Plan (November 2022), www.cbo.gov/publication/58447.
CBO’s Estimates of Measures of Lethality and Distribution of
Firepower Under the Navy’s 2023 Plan
The number of total missile cells decreases
by 13 percent in 2031 before growing by
6 percent in 2052 under Alternatives 1 and
2, and by 19 percent under Alternative 3.
The total number of ships and submarines capable
of launching missiles falls by 5 percent in 2026
before growing by 23 percent in 2052 under
Alternative 1, 30 percent under Alternative 2, and
36 percent under Alternative 3.
28
The 2023 Plan’s Implications for the
Submarine Industrial Base
29
Construction Time of Attack Submarines Is Increasing
as Production Rises
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030
Number of Virginia Class Equivalents Number of Months
Actual Navy's Estimates From Submarine Program Office CBO's Projection Based on the Navy's 30-Year
Shipbuilding Plan
Construction Time, in Months
30
Source: Congressional Budget Office, An Analysis of the Navy’s Fiscal Year 2023 Shipbuilding Plan (November 2022), www.cbo.gov/publication/58447.
SSN(X) = next-generation attack submarine; VPMs = Virginia payload modules.
Submarine Purchases and Production Under Alternative 2
in the Navy’s 2023 Plan

Weitere ähnliche Inhalte

Ähnlich wie The 2023 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding: Finding a Course to a More Distributed Fleet

Navy Shipbuilding: Prospects for Building a Larger Fleet
Navy Shipbuilding: Prospects for Building a Larger Fleet  Navy Shipbuilding: Prospects for Building a Larger Fleet
Navy Shipbuilding: Prospects for Building a Larger Fleet Congressional Budget Office
 
The 2021 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding: Prospects and Challenges in Building ...
The 2021 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding: Prospects and Challenges in Building ...The 2021 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding: Prospects and Challenges in Building ...
The 2021 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding: Prospects and Challenges in Building ...Congressional Budget Office
 
Shipbuilding and Expeditionary Warfare Operations
Shipbuilding and Expeditionary Warfare OperationsShipbuilding and Expeditionary Warfare Operations
Shipbuilding and Expeditionary Warfare OperationsCongressional Budget Office
 
Navy Ship Construction: From the Budget Control Act to Building a New Fleet
Navy Ship Construction: From the Budget Control Act to Building a New FleetNavy Ship Construction: From the Budget Control Act to Building a New Fleet
Navy Ship Construction: From the Budget Control Act to Building a New FleetCongressional Budget Office
 
The Navy’s Amphibious Warfare Force: Change Under Fiscal Constraints
The Navy’s Amphibious Warfare Force: Change Under Fiscal ConstraintsThe Navy’s Amphibious Warfare Force: Change Under Fiscal Constraints
The Navy’s Amphibious Warfare Force: Change Under Fiscal ConstraintsCongressional Budget Office
 
Eye on Defense March 2015
Eye on Defense March 2015Eye on Defense March 2015
Eye on Defense March 2015Ankur Gupta
 
Navy Constellation Class Frigate Program Background & Issues
Navy Constellation Class Frigate Program Background & IssuesNavy Constellation Class Frigate Program Background & Issues
Navy Constellation Class Frigate Program Background & IssuesBreakerODay
 
The Capacity of the Navy’s Shipyards to Maintain Its Submarines
The Capacity of the Navy’s Shipyards to Maintain Its SubmarinesThe Capacity of the Navy’s Shipyards to Maintain Its Submarines
The Capacity of the Navy’s Shipyards to Maintain Its SubmarinesCongressional Budget Office
 
Canada_Maritime business opportunities_seminar 2018
Canada_Maritime business opportunities_seminar 2018Canada_Maritime business opportunities_seminar 2018
Canada_Maritime business opportunities_seminar 2018Business Finland
 
Usn budget includes 10 b for new missile sub
Usn budget includes 10 b for new missile subUsn budget includes 10 b for new missile sub
Usn budget includes 10 b for new missile subyahyasultan
 
Submarine and Autonomous Vessel Proliferation: Implications for Future Strate...
Submarine and Autonomous Vessel Proliferation: Implications for Future Strate...Submarine and Autonomous Vessel Proliferation: Implications for Future Strate...
Submarine and Autonomous Vessel Proliferation: Implications for Future Strate...Leonam Guimarães
 
World Subsea Vessel Operations Market Forecast 2016-2020 LEAFLET + CONTENTS
World Subsea Vessel Operations Market Forecast 2016-2020 LEAFLET + CONTENTSWorld Subsea Vessel Operations Market Forecast 2016-2020 LEAFLET + CONTENTS
World Subsea Vessel Operations Market Forecast 2016-2020 LEAFLET + CONTENTSDouglas-Westwood
 
Comparing the Costs of Submarine Maintenance at Public and Private Shipyards
Comparing the Costs of Submarine Maintenance at Public and Private ShipyardsComparing the Costs of Submarine Maintenance at Public and Private Shipyards
Comparing the Costs of Submarine Maintenance at Public and Private ShipyardsCongressional Budget Office
 
Towards a green and just transition - REVIEW OF THE MARITIME TRANSPORT 2023.
Towards a green and just transition - REVIEW OF THE MARITIME TRANSPORT 2023.Towards a green and just transition - REVIEW OF THE MARITIME TRANSPORT 2023.
Towards a green and just transition - REVIEW OF THE MARITIME TRANSPORT 2023.Christina Parmionova
 

Ähnlich wie The 2023 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding: Finding a Course to a More Distributed Fleet (20)

Navy Shipbuilding: Prospects for Building a Larger Fleet
Navy Shipbuilding: Prospects for Building a Larger Fleet  Navy Shipbuilding: Prospects for Building a Larger Fleet
Navy Shipbuilding: Prospects for Building a Larger Fleet
 
The 2021 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding: Prospects and Challenges in Building ...
The 2021 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding: Prospects and Challenges in Building ...The 2021 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding: Prospects and Challenges in Building ...
The 2021 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding: Prospects and Challenges in Building ...
 
Shipbuilding and Expeditionary Warfare Operations
Shipbuilding and Expeditionary Warfare OperationsShipbuilding and Expeditionary Warfare Operations
Shipbuilding and Expeditionary Warfare Operations
 
The 2020 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding
The 2020 Outlook for Navy ShipbuildingThe 2020 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding
The 2020 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding
 
The 2019 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding
The 2019 Outlook for Navy ShipbuildingThe 2019 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding
The 2019 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding
 
2017 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding
2017 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding2017 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding
2017 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding
 
Navy Ship Construction: From the Budget Control Act to Building a New Fleet
Navy Ship Construction: From the Budget Control Act to Building a New FleetNavy Ship Construction: From the Budget Control Act to Building a New Fleet
Navy Ship Construction: From the Budget Control Act to Building a New Fleet
 
The Navy’s Amphibious Warfare Force: Change Under Fiscal Constraints
The Navy’s Amphibious Warfare Force: Change Under Fiscal ConstraintsThe Navy’s Amphibious Warfare Force: Change Under Fiscal Constraints
The Navy’s Amphibious Warfare Force: Change Under Fiscal Constraints
 
2016 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding
2016 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding2016 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding
2016 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding
 
Eye on Defense March 2015
Eye on Defense March 2015Eye on Defense March 2015
Eye on Defense March 2015
 
Navy Constellation Class Frigate Program Background & Issues
Navy Constellation Class Frigate Program Background & IssuesNavy Constellation Class Frigate Program Background & Issues
Navy Constellation Class Frigate Program Background & Issues
 
The Capacity of the Navy’s Shipyards to Maintain Its Submarines
The Capacity of the Navy’s Shipyards to Maintain Its SubmarinesThe Capacity of the Navy’s Shipyards to Maintain Its Submarines
The Capacity of the Navy’s Shipyards to Maintain Its Submarines
 
The 2018 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding
The 2018 Outlook for Navy ShipbuildingThe 2018 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding
The 2018 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding
 
Canada_Maritime business opportunities_seminar 2018
Canada_Maritime business opportunities_seminar 2018Canada_Maritime business opportunities_seminar 2018
Canada_Maritime business opportunities_seminar 2018
 
China’s Maritime Capabilities - Captain (Retd) James Fanell
China’s  Maritime Capabilities  - Captain (Retd) James FanellChina’s  Maritime Capabilities  - Captain (Retd) James Fanell
China’s Maritime Capabilities - Captain (Retd) James Fanell
 
Usn budget includes 10 b for new missile sub
Usn budget includes 10 b for new missile subUsn budget includes 10 b for new missile sub
Usn budget includes 10 b for new missile sub
 
Submarine and Autonomous Vessel Proliferation: Implications for Future Strate...
Submarine and Autonomous Vessel Proliferation: Implications for Future Strate...Submarine and Autonomous Vessel Proliferation: Implications for Future Strate...
Submarine and Autonomous Vessel Proliferation: Implications for Future Strate...
 
World Subsea Vessel Operations Market Forecast 2016-2020 LEAFLET + CONTENTS
World Subsea Vessel Operations Market Forecast 2016-2020 LEAFLET + CONTENTSWorld Subsea Vessel Operations Market Forecast 2016-2020 LEAFLET + CONTENTS
World Subsea Vessel Operations Market Forecast 2016-2020 LEAFLET + CONTENTS
 
Comparing the Costs of Submarine Maintenance at Public and Private Shipyards
Comparing the Costs of Submarine Maintenance at Public and Private ShipyardsComparing the Costs of Submarine Maintenance at Public and Private Shipyards
Comparing the Costs of Submarine Maintenance at Public and Private Shipyards
 
Towards a green and just transition - REVIEW OF THE MARITIME TRANSPORT 2023.
Towards a green and just transition - REVIEW OF THE MARITIME TRANSPORT 2023.Towards a green and just transition - REVIEW OF THE MARITIME TRANSPORT 2023.
Towards a green and just transition - REVIEW OF THE MARITIME TRANSPORT 2023.
 

Mehr von Congressional Budget Office

Introduction to the Role of the Congressional Budget Office
Introduction to the Role of the Congressional Budget OfficeIntroduction to the Role of the Congressional Budget Office
Introduction to the Role of the Congressional Budget OfficeCongressional Budget Office
 
CBO’s Work on Health Care and a Call for New Research
CBO’s Work on Health Care and a Call for New ResearchCBO’s Work on Health Care and a Call for New Research
CBO’s Work on Health Care and a Call for New ResearchCongressional Budget Office
 
The Federal Perspective on Coverage of Medications to Treat Obesity: Consider...
The Federal Perspective on Coverage of Medications to Treat Obesity: Consider...The Federal Perspective on Coverage of Medications to Treat Obesity: Consider...
The Federal Perspective on Coverage of Medications to Treat Obesity: Consider...Congressional Budget Office
 
CBO’s Approach to Estimating the Budgetary Effects of the No Surprises Act of...
CBO’s Approach to Estimating the Budgetary Effects of the No Surprises Act of...CBO’s Approach to Estimating the Budgetary Effects of the No Surprises Act of...
CBO’s Approach to Estimating the Budgetary Effects of the No Surprises Act of...Congressional Budget Office
 
The Budget and Economic Outlook for 2024 to 2034: Press Briefing Slides
The Budget and Economic Outlook for 2024 to 2034: Press Briefing SlidesThe Budget and Economic Outlook for 2024 to 2034: Press Briefing Slides
The Budget and Economic Outlook for 2024 to 2034: Press Briefing SlidesCongressional Budget Office
 
The Economic Outlook for 2024 to 2034 in 19 Slides
The Economic Outlook for 2024 to 2034 in 19 SlidesThe Economic Outlook for 2024 to 2034 in 19 Slides
The Economic Outlook for 2024 to 2034 in 19 SlidesCongressional Budget Office
 
Using Multiple Data Sources to Learn About the Race and Ethnicity of Taxpayers
Using Multiple Data Sources to Learn About the Race and Ethnicity of TaxpayersUsing Multiple Data Sources to Learn About the Race and Ethnicity of Taxpayers
Using Multiple Data Sources to Learn About the Race and Ethnicity of TaxpayersCongressional Budget Office
 
Exploring the Effects of Medicaid During Childhood on the Economy and the Budget
Exploring the Effects of Medicaid During Childhood on the Economy and the BudgetExploring the Effects of Medicaid During Childhood on the Economy and the Budget
Exploring the Effects of Medicaid During Childhood on the Economy and the BudgetCongressional Budget Office
 
CBO’s Role and Most Recent Long-Term Budget Projections
CBO’s Role and Most Recent Long-Term Budget ProjectionsCBO’s Role and Most Recent Long-Term Budget Projections
CBO’s Role and Most Recent Long-Term Budget ProjectionsCongressional Budget Office
 
Approaches to Estimating the Noncyclical Rate of Unemployment
 Approaches to Estimating the Noncyclical Rate of Unemployment Approaches to Estimating the Noncyclical Rate of Unemployment
Approaches to Estimating the Noncyclical Rate of UnemploymentCongressional Budget Office
 
CBO’s Analysis of the Long-Term Budgetary Outlook
CBO’s Analysis of the Long-Term Budgetary OutlookCBO’s Analysis of the Long-Term Budgetary Outlook
CBO’s Analysis of the Long-Term Budgetary OutlookCongressional Budget Office
 
Projecting the Effects of U.S. Federal Policies on Electric Vehicle Demand an...
Projecting the Effects of U.S. Federal Policies on Electric Vehicle Demand an...Projecting the Effects of U.S. Federal Policies on Electric Vehicle Demand an...
Projecting the Effects of U.S. Federal Policies on Electric Vehicle Demand an...Congressional Budget Office
 
CBO’s Recent Appeals for New Research to Enhance Its Work for the Congress
CBO’s Recent Appeals for New Research to Enhance Its Work for the CongressCBO’s Recent Appeals for New Research to Enhance Its Work for the Congress
CBO’s Recent Appeals for New Research to Enhance Its Work for the CongressCongressional Budget Office
 
Trends in the Distribution of Household Income From 1979 to 2020
Trends in the Distribution of Household Income From 1979 to 2020Trends in the Distribution of Household Income From 1979 to 2020
Trends in the Distribution of Household Income From 1979 to 2020Congressional Budget Office
 
The Federal Budget Process and the Role of the Congressional Budget Office
The Federal Budget Process and the Role of the Congressional Budget OfficeThe Federal Budget Process and the Role of the Congressional Budget Office
The Federal Budget Process and the Role of the Congressional Budget OfficeCongressional Budget Office
 

Mehr von Congressional Budget Office (20)

Introduction to the Role of the Congressional Budget Office
Introduction to the Role of the Congressional Budget OfficeIntroduction to the Role of the Congressional Budget Office
Introduction to the Role of the Congressional Budget Office
 
CBO’s Work on Health Care and a Call for New Research
CBO’s Work on Health Care and a Call for New ResearchCBO’s Work on Health Care and a Call for New Research
CBO’s Work on Health Care and a Call for New Research
 
The Federal Perspective on Coverage of Medications to Treat Obesity: Consider...
The Federal Perspective on Coverage of Medications to Treat Obesity: Consider...The Federal Perspective on Coverage of Medications to Treat Obesity: Consider...
The Federal Perspective on Coverage of Medications to Treat Obesity: Consider...
 
CBO’s Approach to Estimating the Budgetary Effects of the No Surprises Act of...
CBO’s Approach to Estimating the Budgetary Effects of the No Surprises Act of...CBO’s Approach to Estimating the Budgetary Effects of the No Surprises Act of...
CBO’s Approach to Estimating the Budgetary Effects of the No Surprises Act of...
 
The Budget and Economic Outlook for 2024 to 2034: Press Briefing Slides
The Budget and Economic Outlook for 2024 to 2034: Press Briefing SlidesThe Budget and Economic Outlook for 2024 to 2034: Press Briefing Slides
The Budget and Economic Outlook for 2024 to 2034: Press Briefing Slides
 
The Economic Outlook for 2024 to 2034 in 19 Slides
The Economic Outlook for 2024 to 2034 in 19 SlidesThe Economic Outlook for 2024 to 2034 in 19 Slides
The Economic Outlook for 2024 to 2034 in 19 Slides
 
Using Multiple Data Sources to Learn About the Race and Ethnicity of Taxpayers
Using Multiple Data Sources to Learn About the Race and Ethnicity of TaxpayersUsing Multiple Data Sources to Learn About the Race and Ethnicity of Taxpayers
Using Multiple Data Sources to Learn About the Race and Ethnicity of Taxpayers
 
CBO’s Use of GitHub
CBO’s Use of GitHubCBO’s Use of GitHub
CBO’s Use of GitHub
 
Exploring the Effects of Medicaid During Childhood on the Economy and the Budget
Exploring the Effects of Medicaid During Childhood on the Economy and the BudgetExploring the Effects of Medicaid During Childhood on the Economy and the Budget
Exploring the Effects of Medicaid During Childhood on the Economy and the Budget
 
CBO’s Role and Most Recent Long-Term Budget Projections
CBO’s Role and Most Recent Long-Term Budget ProjectionsCBO’s Role and Most Recent Long-Term Budget Projections
CBO’s Role and Most Recent Long-Term Budget Projections
 
Atlas of Military Compensation
Atlas of Military CompensationAtlas of Military Compensation
Atlas of Military Compensation
 
Approaches to Estimating the Noncyclical Rate of Unemployment
 Approaches to Estimating the Noncyclical Rate of Unemployment Approaches to Estimating the Noncyclical Rate of Unemployment
Approaches to Estimating the Noncyclical Rate of Unemployment
 
CBO’s Analysis of the Long-Term Budgetary Outlook
CBO’s Analysis of the Long-Term Budgetary OutlookCBO’s Analysis of the Long-Term Budgetary Outlook
CBO’s Analysis of the Long-Term Budgetary Outlook
 
Projecting the Effects of U.S. Federal Policies on Electric Vehicle Demand an...
Projecting the Effects of U.S. Federal Policies on Electric Vehicle Demand an...Projecting the Effects of U.S. Federal Policies on Electric Vehicle Demand an...
Projecting the Effects of U.S. Federal Policies on Electric Vehicle Demand an...
 
CBO’s Recent Appeals for New Research to Enhance Its Work for the Congress
CBO’s Recent Appeals for New Research to Enhance Its Work for the CongressCBO’s Recent Appeals for New Research to Enhance Its Work for the Congress
CBO’s Recent Appeals for New Research to Enhance Its Work for the Congress
 
Trends in the Distribution of Household Income From 1979 to 2020
Trends in the Distribution of Household Income From 1979 to 2020Trends in the Distribution of Household Income From 1979 to 2020
Trends in the Distribution of Household Income From 1979 to 2020
 
The Federal Budget Process and the Role of the Congressional Budget Office
The Federal Budget Process and the Role of the Congressional Budget OfficeThe Federal Budget Process and the Role of the Congressional Budget Office
The Federal Budget Process and the Role of the Congressional Budget Office
 
Health Care and the Federal Budget
Health Care and the Federal Budget Health Care and the Federal Budget
Health Care and the Federal Budget
 
How CBO Projects Corporate Income Tax Revenues
How CBO Projects Corporate Income Tax RevenuesHow CBO Projects Corporate Income Tax Revenues
How CBO Projects Corporate Income Tax Revenues
 
CBO’s 2023 Long-Term Budget Projections
CBO’s 2023 Long-Term Budget ProjectionsCBO’s 2023 Long-Term Budget Projections
CBO’s 2023 Long-Term Budget Projections
 

Kürzlich hochgeladen

If there is a Hell on Earth, it is the Lives of Children in Gaza.pdf
If there is a Hell on Earth, it is the Lives of Children in Gaza.pdfIf there is a Hell on Earth, it is the Lives of Children in Gaza.pdf
If there is a Hell on Earth, it is the Lives of Children in Gaza.pdfKatrina Sriranpong
 
Pope Francis Teaching: Dignitas Infinita- On Human Dignity
Pope Francis Teaching: Dignitas Infinita- On Human DignityPope Francis Teaching: Dignitas Infinita- On Human Dignity
Pope Francis Teaching: Dignitas Infinita- On Human DignityEnergy for One World
 
PPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdf
PPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdfPPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdf
PPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdfahcitycouncil
 
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 23
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 232024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 23
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 23JSchaus & Associates
 
Professional Conduct and ethics lecture.pptx
Professional Conduct and ethics lecture.pptxProfessional Conduct and ethics lecture.pptx
Professional Conduct and ethics lecture.pptxjennysansano2
 
Digital Transformation of the Heritage Sector and its Practical Implications
Digital Transformation of the Heritage Sector and its Practical ImplicationsDigital Transformation of the Heritage Sector and its Practical Implications
Digital Transformation of the Heritage Sector and its Practical ImplicationsBeat Estermann
 
1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdf
1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdf1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdf
1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdfCristal Montañéz
 
Canadian Immigration Tracker - Key Slides - February 2024.pdf
Canadian Immigration Tracker - Key Slides - February 2024.pdfCanadian Immigration Tracker - Key Slides - February 2024.pdf
Canadian Immigration Tracker - Key Slides - February 2024.pdfAndrew Griffith
 
Youth shaping sustainable and innovative solution - Reinforcing the 2030 agen...
Youth shaping sustainable and innovative solution - Reinforcing the 2030 agen...Youth shaping sustainable and innovative solution - Reinforcing the 2030 agen...
Youth shaping sustainable and innovative solution - Reinforcing the 2030 agen...Christina Parmionova
 
2024 ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM -logistical information - United Nations Economic an...
2024 ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM -logistical information -  United Nations Economic an...2024 ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM -logistical information -  United Nations Economic an...
2024 ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM -logistical information - United Nations Economic an...Christina Parmionova
 
Item # 7 - Demolition & Replacement Structure Processes
Item # 7 - Demolition & Replacement Structure ProcessesItem # 7 - Demolition & Replacement Structure Processes
Item # 7 - Demolition & Replacement Structure Processesahcitycouncil
 
ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM 2024 Side Events Schedule-18 April.
ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM 2024 Side Events Schedule-18 April.ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM 2024 Side Events Schedule-18 April.
ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM 2024 Side Events Schedule-18 April.Christina Parmionova
 
23rd Infopoverty World Conference - Agenda programme
23rd Infopoverty World Conference - Agenda programme23rd Infopoverty World Conference - Agenda programme
23rd Infopoverty World Conference - Agenda programmeChristina Parmionova
 
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 24
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 242024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 24
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 24JSchaus & Associates
 
European Court of Human Rights: Judgment Verein KlimaSeniorinnen Schweiz and ...
European Court of Human Rights: Judgment Verein KlimaSeniorinnen Schweiz and ...European Court of Human Rights: Judgment Verein KlimaSeniorinnen Schweiz and ...
European Court of Human Rights: Judgment Verein KlimaSeniorinnen Schweiz and ...Energy for One World
 
Press Freedom in Europe - Time to turn the tide.
Press Freedom in Europe - Time to turn the tide.Press Freedom in Europe - Time to turn the tide.
Press Freedom in Europe - Time to turn the tide.Christina Parmionova
 
2023 Barangay Officials pre assumption PPT.pptx
2023 Barangay Officials pre assumption PPT.pptx2023 Barangay Officials pre assumption PPT.pptx
2023 Barangay Officials pre assumption PPT.pptxMariaFionaDuranMerqu
 
Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Services
Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design ServicesItem # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Services
Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Servicesahcitycouncil
 
Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Meal Program-Periods 4-6.
Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Meal Program-Periods 4-6.Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Meal Program-Periods 4-6.
Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Meal Program-Periods 4-6.Cristal Montañéz
 
Item # 1a --- March 25, 2024 CCM Minutes
Item # 1a --- March 25, 2024 CCM MinutesItem # 1a --- March 25, 2024 CCM Minutes
Item # 1a --- March 25, 2024 CCM Minutesahcitycouncil
 

Kürzlich hochgeladen (20)

If there is a Hell on Earth, it is the Lives of Children in Gaza.pdf
If there is a Hell on Earth, it is the Lives of Children in Gaza.pdfIf there is a Hell on Earth, it is the Lives of Children in Gaza.pdf
If there is a Hell on Earth, it is the Lives of Children in Gaza.pdf
 
Pope Francis Teaching: Dignitas Infinita- On Human Dignity
Pope Francis Teaching: Dignitas Infinita- On Human DignityPope Francis Teaching: Dignitas Infinita- On Human Dignity
Pope Francis Teaching: Dignitas Infinita- On Human Dignity
 
PPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdf
PPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdfPPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdf
PPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdf
 
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 23
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 232024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 23
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 23
 
Professional Conduct and ethics lecture.pptx
Professional Conduct and ethics lecture.pptxProfessional Conduct and ethics lecture.pptx
Professional Conduct and ethics lecture.pptx
 
Digital Transformation of the Heritage Sector and its Practical Implications
Digital Transformation of the Heritage Sector and its Practical ImplicationsDigital Transformation of the Heritage Sector and its Practical Implications
Digital Transformation of the Heritage Sector and its Practical Implications
 
1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdf
1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdf1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdf
1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdf
 
Canadian Immigration Tracker - Key Slides - February 2024.pdf
Canadian Immigration Tracker - Key Slides - February 2024.pdfCanadian Immigration Tracker - Key Slides - February 2024.pdf
Canadian Immigration Tracker - Key Slides - February 2024.pdf
 
Youth shaping sustainable and innovative solution - Reinforcing the 2030 agen...
Youth shaping sustainable and innovative solution - Reinforcing the 2030 agen...Youth shaping sustainable and innovative solution - Reinforcing the 2030 agen...
Youth shaping sustainable and innovative solution - Reinforcing the 2030 agen...
 
2024 ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM -logistical information - United Nations Economic an...
2024 ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM -logistical information -  United Nations Economic an...2024 ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM -logistical information -  United Nations Economic an...
2024 ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM -logistical information - United Nations Economic an...
 
Item # 7 - Demolition & Replacement Structure Processes
Item # 7 - Demolition & Replacement Structure ProcessesItem # 7 - Demolition & Replacement Structure Processes
Item # 7 - Demolition & Replacement Structure Processes
 
ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM 2024 Side Events Schedule-18 April.
ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM 2024 Side Events Schedule-18 April.ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM 2024 Side Events Schedule-18 April.
ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM 2024 Side Events Schedule-18 April.
 
23rd Infopoverty World Conference - Agenda programme
23rd Infopoverty World Conference - Agenda programme23rd Infopoverty World Conference - Agenda programme
23rd Infopoverty World Conference - Agenda programme
 
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 24
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 242024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 24
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 24
 
European Court of Human Rights: Judgment Verein KlimaSeniorinnen Schweiz and ...
European Court of Human Rights: Judgment Verein KlimaSeniorinnen Schweiz and ...European Court of Human Rights: Judgment Verein KlimaSeniorinnen Schweiz and ...
European Court of Human Rights: Judgment Verein KlimaSeniorinnen Schweiz and ...
 
Press Freedom in Europe - Time to turn the tide.
Press Freedom in Europe - Time to turn the tide.Press Freedom in Europe - Time to turn the tide.
Press Freedom in Europe - Time to turn the tide.
 
2023 Barangay Officials pre assumption PPT.pptx
2023 Barangay Officials pre assumption PPT.pptx2023 Barangay Officials pre assumption PPT.pptx
2023 Barangay Officials pre assumption PPT.pptx
 
Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Services
Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design ServicesItem # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Services
Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Services
 
Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Meal Program-Periods 4-6.
Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Meal Program-Periods 4-6.Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Meal Program-Periods 4-6.
Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Meal Program-Periods 4-6.
 
Item # 1a --- March 25, 2024 CCM Minutes
Item # 1a --- March 25, 2024 CCM MinutesItem # 1a --- March 25, 2024 CCM Minutes
Item # 1a --- March 25, 2024 CCM Minutes
 

The 2023 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding: Finding a Course to a More Distributed Fleet

  • 1. Presentation at the Bank of America 2023 Defense Outlook and Commercial Aerospace Forum January 4, 2023 Eric J. Labs National Security Division The 2023 Outlook for Navy Shipbuilding: Finding a Course to a More Distributed Fleet
  • 3. 2 ▪ Congressional Support for Shipbuilding ▪ The Navy’s Evolving Force Structure Analysis and Shipbuilding Plans ▪ CBO’s Analysis of the Navy’s 2023 Shipbuilding Plan – Purchases and Their Effects on Inventory – Costs – Measures of Capability ▪ The 2023 Plan’s Implications for the Submarine Industrial Base Finding a Course to a More Distributed Fleet
  • 5. 4 FY = fiscal year. Shipbuilding Requests and Appropriations, FY 2013 to FY 2023 The Congress has consistently appropriated more funds for shipbuilding than Administrations have requested. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 President's Request Appropriated Funds Billions of Dollars
  • 6. 5 Congressional Action on Shipbuilding for FY 2023 President’s Request HASC SASC NDAA HAC-D SAC-D Omnibus Ship Purchases Destroyers 2 3 2 3 2 3 3 Submarines 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Frigates 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 Amphibious Ships 1* 1 1 1 1 1 1 Logistics and Support Ships 2 5 2 4 2 4 4 Total 8 13 8 11 8 11 11 Shipbuilding Budgets (Billions of dollars) New Combat Ships 23.9 27.0 24.5 26.7 23.8 27.1 26.7 New Logistics and Support Ships 0.9 2.3 0.9 1.5 0.9 1.5 1.5 Other 3.1 3.3 4.0 4.4 3.0 3.3 3.8 Total 27.9 32.7 29.3 32.6 27.8 31.9 32.0 Amount Above President’s Request 4.8 1.4 4.7 -0.1 4.0 4.1 Percentage of Increase Above FY 2022 Amounts 23% 15% 17% 19% 18% 19% 20% FY = fiscal year; HAC-D = House Appropriations Committee, Defense Appropriations Subcommittee; HASC = House Armed Services Committee; NDAA = National Defense Authorization Act for 2023; SAC-D = Senate Appropriations Committee, Defense Appropriations Subcommittee; SASC = Senate Armed Services Committee.
  • 7. 6 The Navy’s Evolving Force Structure Analysis and Shipbuilding Plans
  • 8. 7 The Navy’s Inventory Analysis and Goals, Circa 2018 to 2022 2020 Future Naval Forces Study (December 2020 plan) 2020 Integrated FSA (Reported in 2023 Plan) Future Naval Forces Study Future Fleet Architecture (Reported in 2023 Plan) Navy’s 2022 Shipbuilding Plan Chief of Naval Operations’ Navigation Plan 2022 Aircraft Carriers 8 to 11 12 8 to 11 9 to 11 12 Light Carriers 0 to 6 0 0 to 6 n.a. 0 Ballistic Missile Submarines 12 12 12 12 12 Attack and Guided Missile Submarines 72 to 78 66 58 to 70 66 to 72 66 Large Surface Combatants 73 to 88 96 72 to 80 63 to 65 96 Small Surface Combatants 60 to 67 56 47 to 60 40 to 45 56 Large/Midsize Amphibious Ships Amphibious Assault Ships 9 to 10 10 6 to 10 8 to 9 10 Midsize Amphibious Ships 52 to 57 41 30 to 43 16 to 19 21 Light Amphibious Warships 24 to 35 18 Combat Ships Subtotal 286 to 329 293 233 to 292 238 to 268 291 Logistics and Support Ships 96 to 117 97 78 to 136 83 to 104 82 Total, Manned Battle Force Ships 382 to 446 390 337 to 404 321 to 372 373 Unmanned Surface Vessels 119 to 166 27 81 to 153 59 to 89 Unknown Unmanned Undersea Vessels 24 to 76 18 18 to 50 18 to 51 Unknown Total, Unmanned Vessels 143 to 242 45 99 to 203 77 to 140 About 150 Total, All Ships and Vessels 525 to 688 435 440 to 540 398 to 512 About 523
  • 9. 8 The Navy’s Projections of Its Fleet Under the Past 11 Shipbuilding Plans, Compared With Actual Inventories 240 260 280 300 320 340 360 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2019 2020 Dec. 2020 2023 Plan Actual Fleet Inventory Actual Fleet Inventory (Thick black line)
  • 10. 9 This chart does not reflect the Navy’s proposal, in 2015, to adjust the way battle force ships are counted. LCS = littoral combat ship. Early Ship Retirements Have Undermined the Navy’s Goals to Increase the Size of Its Fleet 260 270 280 290 300 310 320 330 2000 2003 2006 2009 2012 2015 2018 2021 2024 2027 24 Spruance class destroyers are retired over five years. 30 frigates are rapidly decommissioned over five years. Between 2010 and 2015, no destroyers are commissioned. The Navy commissions 6 LCSs and 12 support ships. All cruisers and 11 LCSs to retire over five years. The Navy's goals call for a 355-ship. The Navy's goals call for a 375-ship fleet. Number of Ships The Navy's goals call for a 306-ship fleet. The Navy's goals call for a 313-ship fleet. The Navy's analyses call for a much larger and more distributed fleet.
  • 11. 10 CBO’s Analysis of the Navy’s 2023 Shipbuilding Plan: Purchases and Their Effects on Inventory
  • 12. 11 10 U.S. Code § 231: Budgeting for Construction of Naval Vessels The Congress requires the Navy to submit a 30-year shipbuilding plan every year. (The Navy does not always do that.) The Congress requires CBO to assess the Navy’s plan and provide an independent analysis of it. (CBO always does that.) In a departure from all previous shipbuilding plans, the Navy’s fiscal year 2023 shipbuilding plan provided three alternative long-range projections of its future fleet rather than one.
  • 13. 12 * = The Administration counts an amphibious assault ship as being authorized in 2023, although the Congress authorized that ship in 2020. The Navy’s Five-Year Shipbuilding Plan, 2023 to 2027 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 Total Columbia Class Ballistic Missile Submarines 0 1 0 1 1 3 Virginia Class Attack Submarines 2 2 2 2 2 10 Arleigh Burke Class Destroyers 2 2 2 2 2 10 Constellation Class Guided Missile Frigates 1 2 1 2 1 7 America Class Amphibious Assault Ships * 0 0 0 0 0 San Antonio Class Amphibious Transport Docks 1 0 0 0 0 1 Light Amphibious Warships 0 0 1 1 2 4 John Lewis Class Oilers 1 2 1 1 1 6 Next-Generation Logistics Ships 0 0 0 1 1 2 Support Ships 1 0 2 3 1 7 Total 8 9 9 13 11 50 T-ARC Cable Laying Ships 0 1 0 0 0 1 Used Sealift Ships 2 2 2 2 2 10 Large Unmanned Systems 0 0 3 4 5 12 Total, Shipbuilding Costs (Billions of dollars) 27.9 28.9 30.9 33.0 29.9 150.6
  • 14. 13 DDG = guided missile destroyer; DDG(X) = next-generation destroyer; FFG = guided missile frigate; SSN(X) = next-generation attack submarine; VPMs = Virginia payload modules. Ship Purchases Under the Navy’s 2023 Plan Alternative 1 Alternative 2 Alternative 3 Aircraft Carriers 5 5 7 Ballistic Missile and Large Payload Submarines 15 17 15 Virginia Class Attack Submarines With VPMs 23 33 27 Virginia Class Attack Submarines Without VPMs 0 16 0 SSN(X)s 31 17 33 DDG-51 Flight IIIs 16 18 17 DDG(X)s 38 29 47 FFG-62 17 11 17 FFG-62 Flight IIs 35 44 40 Large and Midsize Amphibious Warfare Ships 10 13 14 Light Amphibious Warships 40 34 49 Combat Logistics and Support Ships 52 57 74 Total 282 294 340
  • 15. 14 Battle Force Ships: Requirements and Projections Under the Navy’s 2023 Plan 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 2022 2027 2032 2037 2042 2047 2052 High End of Requirements Range: 446 ships -- 2020 Future Naval Forces Study Low End of Requirements Range: 321 ships - - 2022 Shipbuilding Plan Alternative 3 Alternative 1 Alternative 2
  • 16. 15 Large Surface Combatants: Requirements and Projections Under the Navy’s 2023 Plan 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 2022 2027 2032 2037 2042 2047 2052 High End of Requirements Range: 96 ships -- Chief of Naval Operations' Navigation Plan 2022 Low End of Requirements Range: 63 ships - - 2022 Shipbuilding Plan Alternative 3 Alternative 1 Alternative 2
  • 17. 16 Attack Submarines: Requirements and Projections Under the Navy’s 2023 Plan 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 2022 2027 2032 2037 2042 2047 2052 High End of Requirements Range: 78 ships -- 2020 Future Naval Forces Study Low End of Requirements Range: 58 ships - - Future Naval Forces Study Future Fleet Architecture, Reported in 2023 Plan Alternative 3 Alternative 1 Alternative 2 66 ships appears most often as a goal
  • 18. 17 Small Surface Combatants: Requirements and Projections Under the Navy’s 2023 Plan 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 2022 2027 2032 2037 2042 2047 2052 High End of Requirements Range: 67 ships -- Chief of Naval Operations' Navigation Plan 2022 Low End of Requirements Range: 40 ships - - 2022 Shipbuilding Plan Alternative 3 Alternative 1 Alternative 2
  • 19. 18 Large and Midsize Amphibious Warfare Ships: Requirements and Projections Under the Navy’s 2023 Plan 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 2022 2027 2032 2037 2042 2047 2052 High End of Requirements Range: 31 ships -- Chief of Naval Operations' Navigation Plan 2022 Low End of Requirements Range: 24 ships - - 2022 Shipbuilding Plan Alternative 3 Alternative 1 Alternative 2
  • 20. 19 The mismatch is the result of many factors, including: ▪ Costs, ▪ Natural lag, ▪ Bureaucratic inertia, ▪ Congressional skepticism, ▪ Constraints on the industrial base, ▪ The shipbuilding industry's preference for building existing product lines, ▪ Tension between wartime needs and peacetime operations, and ▪ The lack of a natural constituency for a more distributed fleet. Why Is There a Mismatch Between the Navy’s Shipbuilding Analysis/Goals and Ship Purchases?
  • 21. 20 CBO’s Analysis of the Navy’s 2023 Shipbuilding Plan: Costs
  • 22. 21 Source: Congressional Budget Office, An Analysis of the Navy’s Fiscal Year 2023 Shipbuilding Plan (November 2022), www.cbo.gov/publication/58447. The Navy’s Estimates of Average Annual Costs of New-Ship Construction Under Its 2023 Plan, by Ship Type The Navy estimates that building new ships would cost $23 billion to $25 billion per year, on average, under the three alternatives in its 2023 plan.
  • 23. 22 Source: Congressional Budget Office, An Analysis of the Navy’s Fiscal Year 2023 Shipbuilding Plan (November 2022), www.cbo.gov/publication/58447. a. Includes construction of ships that are not part of the Navy’s battle force (such as oceanographic survey ships or sealift ships), outfitting and postdelivery activities (including the purchase of smaller tools and pieces of equipment that are needed to operate a ship but that are not provided by the manufacturing shipyard as part of ship construction), efforts to extend ships’ service life, service craft, and smaller items. b. Includes funding for building new aircraft carriers as well as refueling the nuclear power plants of aircraft carriers already in the fleet. Average Annual Total Shipbuilding Costs Under the Navy’s 2023 Plan, as Estimated by CBO and the Navy CBO estimates that the alternatives in the 2023 shipbuilding plan would cost more than the Navy anticipates.
  • 24. 23 SSBN = ballistic missile submarine; SSN(X) = next-generation attack submarine. For the SSN(X), the Navy wants the speed and lethality of the Seawolf class, the stealth characteristics of the Columbia class, and the vertical missile capability of the original Virginia class submarines. The Navy’s cost estimate for the SSN(X) is $5.6 billion per ship. How much will the SSN(X) weigh? ▪ Compared with that of the original unimproved Los Angeles class ships, the displacement of Virginia class ships increased by 11 percent. ▪ Compared with that of the Ohio class SSBN, the displacement of the Columbia class SSBN increased by about 20 percent (adjusted for the differing number of ballistic missiles). CBO estimated the size of the SSN(X) at 10,100 tons of displacement when fully submerged— about 11 percent larger than a Seawolf class ship. CBO estimates that each SSN(X) would cost about $6.5 billion under Alternatives 1 and 3, and about $7.4 billion under Alternative 2. Major Cost Drivers of the Navy’s 2023 Plan: The SSN(X)
  • 25. 24 CG = guided missile cruiser; DDG = guided missile destroyer; DDG(X) = next-generation destroyer. The Navy estimates that the average cost of the DDG(X) would vary from $2.3 billion to $2.4 billion per year—10 percent more than the estimated cost of the DDG-51 Flight III in the Navy’s 2023 shipbuilding plan. The Navy has indicated that the DDG(X) would displace 13,500 tons—40 percent greater than the displacement of the DDG-51 Flight III. The Navy hopes that the reuse of combat systems with a new hull and new mechanical and electrical systems will keep costs down. The transition from the CG-47 to the DDG-51 did not result in a substantial reduction in the cost-to-weight ratio. (It did result in a less expensive ship because the DDG-51 was a smaller ship.) Major Cost Drivers of the Navy’s 2023 Plan: The DDG(X)
  • 26. 25 Source: Congressional Budget Office, An Analysis of the Navy’s Fiscal Year 2023 Shipbuilding Plan (November 2022), www.cbo.gov/publication/58447. CBO’s Estimate of the Navy’s Total Budget Under Its 2023 Plan As the fleet grew in size under the alternatives in the 2023 plan, the Navy’s total budget would grow from $220 billion today to roughly $290 billion by 2052.
  • 27. 26 CBO’s Analysis of the Navy’s 2023 Shipbuilding Plan: Measures of Capability
  • 28. 27 Source: Congressional Budget Office, An Analysis of the Navy’s Fiscal Year 2023 Shipbuilding Plan (November 2022), www.cbo.gov/publication/58447. CBO’s Estimates of Measures of Lethality and Distribution of Firepower Under the Navy’s 2023 Plan The number of total missile cells decreases by 13 percent in 2031 before growing by 6 percent in 2052 under Alternatives 1 and 2, and by 19 percent under Alternative 3. The total number of ships and submarines capable of launching missiles falls by 5 percent in 2026 before growing by 23 percent in 2052 under Alternative 1, 30 percent under Alternative 2, and 36 percent under Alternative 3.
  • 29. 28 The 2023 Plan’s Implications for the Submarine Industrial Base
  • 30. 29 Construction Time of Attack Submarines Is Increasing as Production Rises 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 Number of Virginia Class Equivalents Number of Months Actual Navy's Estimates From Submarine Program Office CBO's Projection Based on the Navy's 30-Year Shipbuilding Plan Construction Time, in Months
  • 31. 30 Source: Congressional Budget Office, An Analysis of the Navy’s Fiscal Year 2023 Shipbuilding Plan (November 2022), www.cbo.gov/publication/58447. SSN(X) = next-generation attack submarine; VPMs = Virginia payload modules. Submarine Purchases and Production Under Alternative 2 in the Navy’s 2023 Plan