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Jonah and Daniel<br />
Jonah<br />Jonah = Dove<br />Not so much prophecy as narrative<br />Only prophet sent by God to a heathen nation<br />Char...
Historicity<br />In all likelihood, the book is legendary (i.e. Robin Hood or William Tell)<br />Based upon Gath-hepher wh...
The Story<br />
Some Geography<br />
Biblical Humor<br />Exaggerated Behavior (Running away from God)<br />Inappropriate Action (Sleeping Through a storm)<br /...
Major Themes<br />God plans salvation<br />God desires salvation for all<br />
Daniel<br />Daniel = God Judges<br />A legendary or psuedopigraphal book<br />Parts in the Deuterocanon<br />Apocalyptic L...
Folklore<br />Humor<br />Wise Courtiers<br />Endangered heroes<br />Foolish Kings<br />Rags to Riches<br />
Context for Apocalypticism<br />334 – 332 – Alexander the Great invades Palestine – He does not force his culture or relig...
Prophecy v. Apocalypticism<br />Prophecy<br />Deals with coming messiah<br />Messiah is deliverer of Israel<br />Prophet c...
Common Symbols in Apocalypticism<br />Eyes = knowledge<br />Horns = Power<br />White = Victory<br />Red = Bloodshed<br />B...
The Interpreter of Signs (Chap. 5)<br />
Susanna (Chap. 13)<br />
Bel and the Dragon (Chap. 14)<br />
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Jonah And Daniel

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Jonah And Daniel

  1. 1. Jonah and Daniel<br />
  2. 2. Jonah<br />Jonah = Dove<br />Not so much prophecy as narrative<br />Only prophet sent by God to a heathen nation<br />Characterized by disobedience<br />Only prophetic oracle in the book remains unfulfilled<br />
  3. 3. Historicity<br />In all likelihood, the book is legendary (i.e. Robin Hood or William Tell)<br />Based upon Gath-hepher who counseled Jeroboam II in a successful conflict against the Syrians<br />Important moral themes<br />
  4. 4. The Story<br />
  5. 5. Some Geography<br />
  6. 6. Biblical Humor<br />Exaggerated Behavior (Running away from God)<br />Inappropriate Action (Sleeping Through a storm)<br />Outlandish Situations (Prayer of Thanksgiving from within the fish)<br />Ludicrous Commands (Animals must wear sackcloth)<br />Emotions Contrary to Expectation (Anger at mercy)<br />Emotions Out of proportion to the Situation (Anger that the plant died)<br />
  7. 7. Major Themes<br />God plans salvation<br />God desires salvation for all<br />
  8. 8. Daniel<br />Daniel = God Judges<br />A legendary or psuedopigraphal book<br />Parts in the Deuterocanon<br />Apocalyptic Literature<br />Likely collected over a period of time with the apocalyptic pieces occuring on the eve of the Maccabean revolt (ca. 167)<br />
  9. 9. Folklore<br />Humor<br />Wise Courtiers<br />Endangered heroes<br />Foolish Kings<br />Rags to Riches<br />
  10. 10. Context for Apocalypticism<br />334 – 332 – Alexander the Great invades Palestine – He does not force his culture or religion on the people, but his successors do.<br />Greek culture begins to mix with Hebrew culture = Hellenism<br />The Greeks believe the Jews to be barbarians w/o religion because they are monotheistic. This leads to idolatry<br />Antiochus (Epiphaneus, The Evil One) enforces Hellenism<br />Maccabees revolt<br />Romans arrive – they permit a pseudo-Jewish dynasty to rule – Herodians<br />Idolatry becomes rampant<br />The lower classes attempt to resist, thus bring more oppression upon themselves<br />The promises of the prophets appear to be unfulfilled, to they are projected into the future in a new literary genre<br />Apocalypticism flourishes in times of persecution and turmoil<br />
  11. 11. Prophecy v. Apocalypticism<br />Prophecy<br />Deals with coming messiah<br />Messiah is deliverer of Israel<br />Prophet concerned about righteousness<br />Visions imply the meaning of the message – dry bones symbolize life and death<br />Apocalypticism<br />Deals with Messiah<br />Messiah will deliver all the oppressed<br />Concerned for the overthrow of the oppressor<br />Visions are arbitrary, and often only understood by those within the circle to whom the message was delivered<br />
  12. 12. Common Symbols in Apocalypticism<br />Eyes = knowledge<br />Horns = Power<br />White = Victory<br />Red = Bloodshed<br />Black = Disaster<br />Pale Green = Death<br />Purple = Royalty<br />Seven = Fullness<br />Twelve = Fullness or perfection<br />Four = Universality<br />Three = A few, several, a portion<br />Six = Failure, evil<br />3.5 = a limited number<br />Thousand = A number beyond measure<br />
  13. 13. The Interpreter of Signs (Chap. 5)<br />
  14. 14. Susanna (Chap. 13)<br />
  15. 15. Bel and the Dragon (Chap. 14)<br />

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