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  1. 1. Freuds Defense Mechanisms Defense mechanisms, developed by Sigmund Freud, explain how humans deal with anxiety. This is very important because anxiety can dramatically and negatively affect the ego, which can lead to future psychological illnesses and problems.Defense Mechanisms:1. RepressionUnacceptable or unpleasant impulses are pushed back into the unciousness.2. RegressionPeople behave as if they were at an earlier stage of development3. DisplacementThe expression of an unwanted feeling or thought is redirected from a more threatening powerful person to aweaker one4.RationalizationPeople provide self-justifying explanations in place of the actual, but threatening reason for their behavior5. DenialPeople refuse to accept or acknowledge an anxiety-producing piece of information6. ProjectionPeople attribute unwanted impulses and feelings to someone else7. SublimationPeople divert unwanted impulses into socially approved thoughts, feelings, or behaviors8. Reaction formationUnconscious impulses are expressed as their opposite in consciousness
  2. 2. RepressionCan play a part in many mental illnesses, most direct method. Example:A young adult forgets that she was yelled at by her father as a child and he was sometimes abusive.
  3. 3. RegressionPeople tend to go back to their childhood todays where they are not responsible fortheir actions and find comfort in the actionstaken towards them.Example:A teen who is in college is very homesick,so she sleeps with her teddy bear andhomemade blanket from her childhoodto comfort herself.
  4. 4. DisplacementTaking harsh feelings out on the wrongperson or people due to their ownchastizements.Example:A man gets fired from his job and comes home to his wife and startsan argument over something frivilous and out of her control.
  5. 5. DenialMindset where an individual simply cannotcome to terms with anevent/feeling/emotion, etc. and that it didhappen.A man is diagnoses to havepancreatic cancer and thenimediately starts to make upreasons that he couldnt haveit and that the doctors probablymisdiagnosed him.
  6. 6. RationalizationExcuses for actions based on actualbehavior that may not necessarily beproducive.Example:A younger boy asks a girl in his classto the dance the following weekend.She turns him down. He then goes to hisfriends telling them that he never reallyliked her anyway, he just wanted to lether down when she accepted.
  7. 7. ProjectionAn accusation of someone else, while itsreally the accuser themselves who is theguilty one.Example:Someone has been stealing from a company and when it is found out,a coworker who is actually guilty of the crime, accuses anotheremployee of the crime.
  8. 8. SublimationActions taken out so that their desires aremet but at a socially-accepted view.Example:A man who seems to love to take authority and be bossy in his dailyrelationships decides to pursue a career as a judge so he can rightly makedecisions over others.
  9. 9. Reaction FormationThe unconscious feelings are directedoutward into conscious feelings bydemonstrating the opposite initial feeling.Example:A son tells his friends that he and his father are extremely close, eventhough he secretely hold resentment towards him for cheating on hismother
  10. 10. SourcesInformationPsychsmart by McGraw HillWikipedia.comPicturesGoogle search