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Strategies for opening up education in European universities

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Strategies for opening up education in European universities

  1. 1. Strategies for opening up education in European universities Diana Andone University Politehnica Timisoara, Romania Gabriela Grosseck West University of Timisoara, Romania Carmen Holotescu „Ioan Slavici” University of Timisoara, Romania Malinka Ivanova Technical University of Sofia, Bulgaria Antoanela Naaji “Vasile Goldis” Western University of Arad, Romania Monica Pătruț University "Vasile Alecsandri" of Bacau, Romania Maria Perifanou University of Macedonia, Thessaloniki, Greece 4th SMART Conference November 18-19, 2016, Timisoara Romania
  2. 2. Contents 1. Open Education 2. OERs and MOOCs 3. Open Education in 3 EU Countries 4. Romanian Initiatives. Drivers and Barriers 5. Scenarios for integrating MOOCs in formal education 6. Conclusions and Invitation
  3. 3. Open Education Definition Core and Transversal Dimensions Open education is a mode of realising education, enabled by digital technologies aiming to widen access and participation to everyone. It offers multiple ways of teaching and learning, building and sharing knowledge, as well as a variety of access routes to formal and non- formal education, bridging them. Open education means access to content, courses, support, assessment and certification in ways that are flexible, and accommodate diverse needs. Barriers, as regards for example entry or cost, are reduced or eliminated. Source: OpenEdu JRC IPTS Report “Opening up Education: a support framework for HE institutions”, 2016 ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/open-education
  4. 4. „ICT tools, Open Educational Resources (OERs), and open educational practices (OEPs) allow for an increase in the effectiveness of education, allowing for more personalised learning, a better learning experience. Ultimately, opening up education may lead to a situation where all individuals may learn anytime, anywhere, with the support of anyone, using any device.” Open Education Europa Opening up education through new technologies Initiative openeducationeuropa.eu ec.europa.eu/education/policy/strategic-framework/education- technology_en.htm (Sept 2013)
  5. 5. OER Definition […] „the open provision of educational resources, enabled by information and communication technologies, for consultation, use and adaptation by a community of users for non-commercial purposes.” unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/access-to-knowledge/open-educational-resources UNESCO (2002)
  6. 6. unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002136/213605e.pdf What are OERs? Open Educational Resources „are any type of educational materials that are in the public domain or introduced with an open license. The nature of these open materials means that anyone can legally and freely copy, use, adapt and re-share them. OERs range from textbooks to curricula, syllabi, lecture notes, assignments, tests, projects, audio, video and animation.” Big and Little OERs (Weller, 2010) Massive OERs = OpenMOOCs (ECO Project, OE Consortium + EdX)
  7. 7. flickr.com/photos/mathplourde/8620174342/ 2008 - 1st cMOOC: George Siemens and Stephen Downes co-taught “Connectivism and Connective Knowledge” - 25 tuition-paying students at the University of Manitoba, Canada plus ~2300 participants worldwide. web.archive.org/web/20080629220943/http://ltc.umanitoba.ca:83/connectivism/
  8. 8. class-central.com mooc-list.com MOOC platforms and directories Adapted from slideshare.net/ggrosseck/miniatelier-de-initiere-in-mooc edx.org/verified-certificate edx.org/xseries edx.org/micromasters udacity.com/nanodegree coursera.org/specializations futurelearn.com/programs In May 2015 - the largest MOOC ever: 440,000 participants in English Language Learning MOOC http://tinyurl.com/largestMOOC
  9. 9. openuped.eu home.eadtu.eu Higher Education Online: MOOCs the European way Fostering international Higher Education collaboration though ICT and open education menon.org/projects/emundus The European Multiple MOOC Aggregator platform.europeanmoocs.eu home.eadtu.eu The European Association of Distance Teaching Universities ecolearning.eu bizmooc.eu movemeproject.eu Adapted from slideshare.net/ggrosseck/miniatelier-de-initiere-in-mooc European Projects related to MOOCs “MOOCs are online courses designed for large numbers of participants (>148, Dunbar number), that can be accessed by anyone anywhere as long as they have an internet connection, are open to everyone without entry qualifications, and offer a full/complete course experience online for free”. eadtu.eu/documents/Publications/OEenM/Institutional _MOOC_strategies_in_Europe.pdf langmooc.com
  10. 10. Survey filled in by a focus group in each university Open education at National Level University Level 1. Strategy for open education 2. Department responsible for implementation 3. Teacher training 4. Support for online/blended courses 4. OER and MOOC integration in courses 5. Repositories for OER 6. MOOCs production and recognition 7. University activity on SM networks 8. Best cases.
  11. 11. OE Initiatives in Romania educatiedeschisa.ro poerup.referata.com/wiki/Romania
  12. 12. CCR was launched in September 2, 2008, with the help of ApTI (The Association for Technology and Internet) http://ro.creativecommons.org/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ro/ http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Romania
  13. 13. National OE initiatives 1. Knowledge based Economy Project (2005-2013) • OER educational policies (recommendations in 2007) • OE Resources and Practices: in the schools participating in the project 2. OER in the Government Programme • National Strategy on Digital Agenda for Romania 2020 (Feb 2015): Strategic Lines of Development for ICT in Education: using OER and Web 2.0 in formal and LLL education - imdd.ro/sites/default/files/library (ro); • Manifesto for Digital Romania is expected to be adopted on Nov 3, 2016 - in the Forum "Digital Romania – Industry 4.0" - ithub.gov.ro/industry-4-0/ • Digital textbooks - manuale.edu.ro; don’t use open licences / format 3. Romanian Coalition for OER Launced in October 2013, gathering persons and organizations that support and promote the concepts of open access and OER - educatiedeschisa.ro; guides/workshops; organized 3 National Conferences for Open Education in 2014-6; four proposals for open education for the new government inovarepublica.ro/educatie-deschisa- romania/; OER repository was planned (spring 2016), proposal renewed for OUG (Nov 2016) 4. The Educated Romania (2016-2018) Project of the Romanian Presidency; a broad public debate on education and research for a set clear policies presidency.ro/ro/romania-educata
  14. 14. Regional and institutional OER initiatives Related to FLOSS (Free / Libre / Open Source Software): • Groups • Conferences/Events • Courses / Trainings / Research • Linux distributions and Open Source projects development Related to OER, OEP and Open Content/Access: • Courses / Trainings / Programs • Open Content / Open Access / Communities for OER and OEP • Studies
  15. 15. Open Educational Resources / Practices (1) - "OER Awareness Activities for Librarians and Academics in Romania", funded by CC Affiliate Project, implemented in 2013-2014 by ApTI Association for Technology and Internet, Soros Foundation Romania and National Association of Libraries and Librarians in Romania: workshops/events related to OER/MOOC, two guides - Projects and sites that offer information/workshops about copyright issues, open licenses and OER: Open Educational Resources Policy in Europe http://oerpolicy.eu/?s=romania, http://kosson.ro, http://acces-deschis, http://oerup.eu, http://copy-me.org, http://www.ordu.ro, http://dreptuldeautor.noisieu.ro/creative- commons , http://culturaineducatie.ro - Different products developed under CC licenses http://ro.creativecommons.org - Digital resources on the KEP portal created by teachers and pupils in the pre-university system, by using different Web2.0 technologies, guide “OER for different disciplines” http://tinyurl.com/KEPOERguide - KEP launched two guides in 2012, having as central topics the OER and collaborative technologies (Web2.0) in education: "Integration of new technologies in education" and "Using ICT for educational activities" - Open journals related to open education are http://iteach.ro/experientedidactice, http://www.elearning.ro - Open materials and discussions around them: http://forum.portal.edu.ro, http://didactic.ro, http://e-scoala.ro, http://www.dascali.ro, http://educatie.inmures.ro
  16. 16. - Teachers training in KEP, Didatec project (http://ctmtc.utcluj.ro/sites/didatec_ ) received certificates, acknowledging also their skills in using/creating OER - Training/courses related to open educational pedagogies are offered by Moodle Romania, Didatec, iTeach, Sloop2desc, ActiveWatch Media Monitoring, UPT Technology Enhanced Learning hosted by Cirip.eu, Compendiu.ro - links at http://poerup.referata.com/wiki/Romania#Re gional_OER_initiatives - Projects under CC licenses for Informal Learning / Serendipity: Romanian Encyclopedia http://enciclopediaromaniei.ro , Veioza Arte http://veiozaarte.ro - a video sharing platform acting as an open source production house for the Romanian cultural scene, Local Records http://www.localrec.ro are collections of audio products, Brașov Creative Commons Film Festival http://bvccfilmfest.tumblr.com - City Projects http://cityprojects.ro - community proposing/working on software projects for local communities/ smart cities, based on open data - Most of the national projects related to OER are designed / implemented for the pre- university level, while in academia they are implemented by a single university or a group of universities Open Educational Resources / Practices (2)
  17. 17. Projects related to MOOCs (1) - UniCampus unicampus.ro: Started in April 2014 under the initiative of Politehnica University of Timisoara and Association of Technical Universities from Romania (rouni.ro ); offers cMOOCs on a platform based on Moodle; - NOVAMOOC novamooc.uvt.ro: Development and innovative implementation of MOOCs in Higher Education, West University Timisoara (2015-17); - MOOC.ro mooc.ro: Developed by Moodle.ro, currently offers a MOOC about Moodle courses ; - UniBuc Virtual unibuc-virtual.net: Credis, Department of Distance Learning of University of Bucharest, offered 3 MOOCs for Teachers Training on a platform based on Google Apps; - eStudent.ro – vlogging platform for courses; - University "Vasile Goldis" Arad plans to offer MOOCs in partnership with Fédération Européenne des Écoles; - University „Babes Bolyai” Cluj Napoca – eLIADA eliada.ubbcluj.ro/proiect - materials for 4 MOOCs; - MOOCs on Udemy – ONG Management, Association Young Initiative udemy.com/management-ong; - Critical Thinking MOOC was developed and run in 2014 by Maastricht School of Management Romania on Iversity (msmromania.org/content/msmro-produces- first-mooc-eastern-europe); - MOOC in medical education – Romanian Angel Appeal Foundation – raa.ro - Drivers: - researchers and teaching staff, seldom the policy makers and managers of the institutions - the Romanian Coalition for OER;
  18. 18. Projects related to MOOCs (2) - For the next future - Virtual mobilities through MOOCs - Pilot for credit tranfer system allowing students’ participation in MOOCs to count towards their degrees; at this moment for some courses the participation in MOOCs can contribute to the activity mark - Developing MOOCs together with companies assuring a better integration in the labour market. - Check also: - Opening Up Education in Romania” scribd.com/doc/264227758/Opening-up- education-in-Romania - OER in Romania - poerup.referata.com/wiki/Romania - Experiments for integrating MOOCs in blended academic courses at Politehnica University of Timisoara (Web Programming and Instructional Technologies courses), University “Ioan Slavici” of Timisoara (Multimedia and OOP courses); - MOOC accreditation at UPT - Digital Marketing - http://atelieruldigital.jaromania.org/ - Teacher continuing professional development using MOOCS at University “Ioan Slavici” of Timisoara - participation in MOOCs related to OE, but also to topics of taught courses and research directions; - MOOCBuddy – the 1st Messenger chatbot for MOOCs - facebook.com/MyMOOCBuddy - Workshops (eLSE) and national conferences (Open Education, SMART) related to open education organized by the Romanian Coalition for OER; pre-MOOCs with open badges - Studies, PhD thesis – search MOOC Romania on GS;
  19. 19. Strengths in Romanian OE initiatives Romania is active in the OE movement: • trainings/courses related to OER and OEP organized for both pre- university and university sectors • formal documents at governamental level related to OER and Web2.0 • national events related to open resources produced by pre-university teachers; national guides were published too • directories with open resources (more numerous for pre-university level) • projects in development for MOOCs at university level and for continuing education • strong communities/events for open source, open access, open data, open licences.
  20. 20. From POERUP elevator pitch (March 2013): 26 countries in 26 minutes, slide 11 http://www.slideshare.net/witthaus/poerup-elevator-pitch
  21. 21. Barriers in the OERs/MOOCs development and adoption • rigid policies in formal education related to curricular systems and assessment practices; • the lack of possibility to officially accredit online courses, in spite of an impressive number of projects rlated to online courses in the last 15 years, and of the policy proposals coming from different or- ganizations. Such courses can only be used in a blended aproach in formal education; • the lack of strategies at national level related to MOOCs in formal and continuing education; • teachers lack of time and interest to explore, understand, evaluate and use new technologies, OERs and MOOCs in teaching-learning process; • a reduced number of training programs for adopting open educational practices; • lack of incentives, official recognition and promotion for teachers implementing open educational practices.
  22. 22. Blending MOOCs in university courses - EdX „We are taking what we are learning and the technologies we are developing in the large and applying them in the small to create a blended model of education to really reinvent and reimagine the classroom.” We need to go from lectures on the blackboard to online exercises, online videos. We have to go to interactive virtual laboratories and gamification. To go to completely online grading and peer interaction and discussion boards. Everything really has to change.” Anant Agarwal, 2013. Why massive open online courses (still) matter. A TED presentation, ted.com/talks/anant_agarwal_why_massively_open_online_courses_still_matter.html
  23. 23. Variants of blending MOOCs in university courses
  24. 24. Web Programming, IV – Politehnica University of Timisoara Multimedia and OOP Courses, II-III – University Ioan Slavici of Timisoara
  25. 25. Mobile learning features • Allow students to become familiar (aware) with the MOOC phenomenon and trends: •the most important players/platforms/offers, types of learning, interaction and specific pedagogies •to be able to search and evaluate useful and quality MOOCs; • To enlarge knowledge/topics of the course: to obtain an auxiliary support for students’ group project development; for personal/professional development • Allow students to have concrete views, opinions and proposals on MOOCs and to critically evaluate their usefulness for personal development and for different ways of integration in formal higher education courses. Aims of integrating MOOCs
  26. 26. Steps for MOOCs Integration • 1.MOOCs discovery and selection - #mooc: •openeducationeuropa.eu •mooc-list.com •futurelearn.com •class-central.com • 2.Participation in MOOCs –requirement: at least 10%/50% of the activities • 3.Learning Experience as Digital Story • 4.MOOCs participation evaluation
  27. 27. A Model for MOOCs Integration
  28. 28. - For teachers: - new skills and tasks: - complex course design/management - OERs and MOOCs curation - evaluation of distributed/collaborative activities of students, - facilitation of the local learning community and nurture of its integration in the global communities of MOOCs - improving knowledge in their own area of expertise - improving their competencies/skills for adopting new models of OEP - For students: - autonomy in assessing their own learning needs for choosing the MOOCs in which to participate - exposing to: - high quality materials created with top educational technologies - collaboration in global learning communities - a broader range of experiences Benefits/Challenges of MOOCs integration in blended courses/flipped classrooms make xMOOCs more close to cMOOCs
  29. 29. • Does your institution have an open education strategy? If so, what is it? If not, why is this so? • How do the OE dimensions fit your existing/future open education scenarios? • How do you integrate OER/MOOC in your teaching and learning practices? OEE Good Practices - ~200 scenarios, top locations: Greece, Romania, Spain, UK, Lithuania, Italy openeducationeuropa.eu/en/good-practices OpenCases: catalogue of mini cases on OE in Europe ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/publication/opencases-catalogue-mini- cases-open-education-europe Let’s discuss! OE Core Dimensions access content pedagogy collaboration recognition research OE Transversal Dimensions technology strategy quality leadership
  30. 30. Thank you! Carmen Holotescu Twitter: @cami13 tinyurl.com/cholotescu Invitation Romanian Coalition for OER - educatiedeschisa.ro SMART Post-Conference MOOC – academia.edusoft.ro 4th eLSE Workshop on Open Education + pre-MOOC, 27-28 April, 2017, Bucharest – elseconference.eu This work was partially supported by a grant of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research and Innovation, CNCS – UEFISCDI, project number PN-II-RU-TE-2014-4-2040: NOVAMOOC – Development and innovative implementation of MOOCs in Higher Education.

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