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Quality assurance and qualifications frameworks as tools to promote mobility and recognition: national, bilateral, regional and global experiences and opportunities

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Quality assurance and qualifications frameworks as tools to promote mobility and recognition: national, bilateral, regional and global experiences and opportunities

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Quality assurance and qualifications frameworks as tools to promote mobility and recognition: national, bilateral, regional and global experiences and opportunities. Presentation to China International Forum on Cross-border Education
Haikou, Hainan December 2016

Quality assurance and qualifications frameworks as tools to promote mobility and recognition: national, bilateral, regional and global experiences and opportunities. Presentation to China International Forum on Cross-border Education
Haikou, Hainan December 2016

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Quality assurance and qualifications frameworks as tools to promote mobility and recognition: national, bilateral, regional and global experiences and opportunities

  1. 1. Quality assurance and qualifications frameworks as tools to promote mobility and recognition: national, bilateral, regional and global experiences and opportunities China International Forum on Cross-border Education Haikou, Hainan December 2016 Bryan Maguire
  2. 2. Quality assurance • European standards and guidelines • Quality assurance agencies • Qualifications frameworks • Irish experience
  3. 3. Bologna Ministerial Statements • “To consolidate the EHEA, meaningful implementation of learning outcomes is needed. The development, understanding and practical use of learning outcomes is crucial to the success of ECTS, the Diploma Supplement, recognition, qualifications frameworks and quality assurance – all of which are interdependent.” Bucharest Communiqué, April 2012 • “Enhancing the quality and relevance of learning and teaching is the main mission of the EHEA.” Yerevan 3
  4. 4. Three layers of European Standards and Guidelines for QA • Internal quality assurance • External quality assurance • External quality assurance agencies 4
  5. 5. Internal quality assurance • Policy for institutional QA • Programmes design + approval (NFQ) • Student-centred learning, teaching and assessment • Student admission, progression, recognition and certification • Teaching staff • Learning resources + 5
  6. 6. External quality assurance • Use of internal quality assurance procedures • Designing methodologies fit for purpose • Implementing processes • Peer review 6
  7. 7. Quality assurance agencies • Activities policy and processes for QA • Official status • Independence • Thematic analysis • Resources • Internal QA and professional conduct • Cyclical 7
  8. 8. External QA • Accreditation of programmes or • Accreditation/audit of institutions or • Combination of both 8
  9. 9. Qualifications Frameworks • Based on learning outcomes • National qualifications frameworks are being developed in all countries • Tuning project has worked on learning outcomes for disciplines within QF-EHEA • Integrating QA and QFs is increasingly important agenda
  10. 10. Quality and Qualifications Ireland• “an integrated agency for quality and qualifications in Ireland” • Established November 2012 by Qualification and Quality Assurance (Education and Training) Act of parliament • Reviewed by European Association for Quality Assurance (ENQA) in 2014, • Member of ENQA, INQAAHE & CBQAN • Memoranda with QAA, MQA, HKCAAVQ, HKQFS (Ed Bureau), NZQA
  11. 11. QQI roles • Custodian of National Framework of Qualifications (established in 2003) • Qualifications Recognition Advice (NARIC) • Quality assurance guidelines for all education and training outside schools • Quality assurance of all HEIs at institutional level, onshore and TNE • Quality assurance of private HE and VET at programme level, onshore and TNE
  12. 12. External QA - institution • Institutional review – Holistic assessment – Externality required – Relies on (and checks) institutional capacity for programme level QA – Greater autonomy, closer to learners, may be more cost effective – In some instance authority to validate may be revoked or conditioned
  13. 13. External QA - programme • Programme validation/accreditation – Independent – More consistent across HEIs? – More developmental? – More trusted, especially for less established institutions – Demanding on the agency • TNE example - Dublin Business School/KPTM in Malaysia
  14. 14. Internal QA review • Self-validating universities in Ireland are required to monitor and formally review their linked providers and programmes • TNE example – University College Dublin – Monitoring report – Review of provision
  15. 15. QACHE principles • QAAs should share information about their respective QA systems and about cross-border providers, with a view to facilitating mutual understanding and building mutual trust • QAAs should seek to coordinate and cooperate in their review activity of cross-border higher education, with a view to avoiding regulatory gaps and duplication of efforts, and to lessening the regulatory burdens on providers • Networks of quality assurance agencies should facilitate interagency cooperation and the implementation of the QACHE Toolkit
  16. 16. • www.qqi.ie • bmaguire@qqi.ie 16

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