One trend being used to teach mathematics and other subjects is a choice board. A choice board offers the student multiple activities to choose from. However, the activities grow in difficulty and are designed to reinforce the goals of the lesson. Some choiceboards are designed in a tic-tac-toe type of format which requires the student to complete three activities on the choiceboard in a row to complete a tic-tac-toe. Using this type of format eliminates the possibility of a student only performing the easiest requirements on the choiceboard.
Program OverviewFOSS (Full Option Science System) is a research based system that is dedicated to improving learning and teaching of science for grades K-8. Foss is guided by the advances in understanding how students think and learn. The materials used by FOSS are designed to meet the challenge of providing meaningful education in science for diverse populations in the classroom and to prepare students for the 21st century as well as life.The FOSS program was created to engage students in the processes of observing objects and events, testing hypothesis, and generate explanations as they explore the natural world. To construct their own inquiries, analyses and investigations, is considered by FOSS, as the best way for the students to appreciate science. Program ComponentsComponents for K–6 are a modular program consisting of 26 modules for the self-contained classroom. The components are teacher’s guides and preparation videos, equipment kits and FOSS science stories as well as Spanish Editions.For grades 6-8 there are nine courses, requiring 9-12 weeks to teach, for students and their teachers in departmental science. The Middle School program includes five interconnected components which are teacher’s guides and equipment kits, lab and resource notebooks for students and CD-ROM courses.FOSS Assessment System and FOSS web.com are components that are incorporated for both K-6 as well as Middle School (6-8) Science. Correlations to StandardsThe FOSS curriculum is a resource for elementary and middle school teachers to use to achieve his or her respective standards.Diversity in FOSSFOSS has incorporated useful techniques for students with disabilities. Using items such as tactical tools such as sorting trays, beakers, and histrogram boards adds the hands on dimension need for all students. NIMAS (National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard) is used with the FOSS program to produce alternatives to standard print by incorporating files such as braille, large print, digital, and audio books — for students who are blind or have other print disabilities.