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Chapter 4

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Chapter 4

  1. 1. Chapter 4 Jobs and professions
  2. 2. Getting meaning from the context <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Answer key: </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>livelihood = work; job; profession </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>posts = positions; jobs </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>secure = permanent; safe </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>self-confidence = belief in their own ability; self- assurance </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Getting meaning from the context <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>upgrade = improve; advance </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>keep up with = continue in; maintain skills in </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>telecommuting = working at home; working via the computer, phone, fax </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>distract = take attention away </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>drawback = disadvantage; unfavorable aspect </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>leisure = free time; time away from work </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>globalization = work done all over the world; companies in different countries </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Getting meaning from the context <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>flexible = changeable; adjusting well to change </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>rigid = not flexible </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>13. workaholism = addiction to working; unable to stop working </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Previewing the reading <ul><ul><ul><li>What is the main topic? What are the five subtopics? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What do the pictures tell you about the article? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Finding the main idea <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The main idea is C. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A, B, D, E, and F are specific topics in the reading. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Checking comprehension: Identifying details. <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1.  </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2.  </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.  </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>5.  </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>6.  </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>8.  </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Checking vocabulary <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>career counselors </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>job security </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>outsourcing </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>job hopping </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>drawback </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Critical thinking: recognizing cause and effect Cause Effect <ul><li>a decrease in manufacturing jobs </li></ul><ul><li>employers’ need to hold down cost </li></ul><ul><li>a lack of job security </li></ul><ul><li>employers’ need to hold down costs </li></ul><ul><li>more temporary jobs </li></ul><ul><li>outsourcing </li></ul><ul><li>well-educated workforce (in India) </li></ul><ul><li>salaries are lower </li></ul><ul><li>educated people are fluent in English </li></ul><ul><li>outsourcing in India </li></ul>
  10. 10. Using the Prefix Over- <ul><ul><ul><li>overdo </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>overcrowded </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>overestimate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>overdue </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>overpopulation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Understanding Pronoun Reference <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>people </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>professions </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>their dream job </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>job boards </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the next step </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>job hunting </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>

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