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Jim Laurie - Soil Ecosystem Health: From Fungi & Nematodes to Beetles & Earthworms

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Jim Laurie - Soil Ecosystem Health: From Fungi & Nematodes to Beetles & Earthworms

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Jim Laurie - Soil Ecosystem Health: From Fungi & Nematodes to Beetles & Earthworms
From Biodiversity for a Livable Climate conference: "Restoring Ecosystems to Reverse Global Warming"
Sunday November 23rd, 2014
www.bio4climate.org

Jim Laurie - Soil Ecosystem Health: From Fungi & Nematodes to Beetles & Earthworms
From Biodiversity for a Livable Climate conference: "Restoring Ecosystems to Reverse Global Warming"
Sunday November 23rd, 2014
www.bio4climate.org

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Jim Laurie - Soil Ecosystem Health: From Fungi & Nematodes to Beetles & Earthworms

  1. 1. Biodiversity for a Livable Climate Loss of Biodiversity: Consequences 1. Freshwater: Reduced Availability & Quality 2. Food: Reduced Availability & Quality 3. Disease Processes in Many Species (including Humans) 4. Loss of Climate Stability - Global Warming Jim Laurie jimlaurie7@gmail.com NOFA Presentation YouTube “Building Deep Rich Soils in New England”
  2. 2. 6th Extinction ? - Soil ? “Big animals are like the nutrient arteries of the planet and if they go extinct it is like severing these arteries.” Chris Doughty - University of Oxford Environment Change Institute In the late Pleistocene, 97 genera of large animals (megafauna) went extinct, concentrated in the Americas and Australia. Nature Geoscience 6, 761–764 (2013) “Poop Paucity Predicament” - David Biello, Scientific American
  3. 3. Carbon Lost / Acre?
  4. 4. Soil Extinction 1. MegaFauna Extinction in Australia and Americas 2. Barbed Wire - Herds Can’t Move to “Sweet Grass” 3. Plow - Fragment and Oxidize Soil “Dust Bowl” 4. Pesticides & Chemical Fertilizers We are now inhibiting Photosynthesis by tolerating bare ground. (10 to 15 billion acres) We are inhibiting Humification with agricultural chemicals.
  5. 5. CO2 levels rise rapidly >>> Loss of Polar Ice >>> Ocean Anoxia >>> H2S bubbles out of oceans.
  6. 6. “When you understand the power of self-organization, you begin to understand why biologists worship biodiversity even more than economists worship technology.” “Hierarchical Systems evolve from the bottom up. The purpose of the upper layers of the hierarchy is to serve the purposes of the lower layers.” from Thinking in Systems by Donella Meadows Places to Intervene in a System 12. Numbers - “Mostly, the numbers are not worth the sweat put into them” (I’ll skip a few.) 4. Self-Organizing Systems (John Todd & Eco-Machines) 3. Goals (What do you want? - Allan Savory & HM) 2. Paradigms (Lynn Margulis - Microbial Symbiosis) 1. Transforming Paradigms (questioning your own beliefs and paradigms)
  7. 7. Lab Results In Out Ammonia, ppm 20.51 1.07 (NH3) Chloroform, ppb 14.4 0.3 (CHCl3) BPA, ppb 513 7 (hormone disruptor)
  8. 8. Lynn Margulis - Symbiosis is a key to evolution.
  9. 9. More Poop More Possibilities and More Fungi More Future
  10. 10. 15,000 / square mile
  11. 11. Greg Judy’s Goal: 25 earthworms / sq. ft. 100 tons castings / acre http://www.greenpasturesfarm.net/ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W6HGKSvjk5Q
  12. 12. Christine Jones - AmazingCarbon.com CO2 >> Glucose >> Humus & Glomalin
  13. 13. Long sticky molecules outside the cell. Humus Glomalin
  14. 14. Paul Stamets
  15. 15. Jerrie Tipton - 1989
  16. 16. Thanks to Peter Donovan
  17. 17. South Dakota Infiltration Study HM Grazing 10 sec. Continuous Grazing 7 min. Corn (1st Year) 30 min. U Mass Amherst Campus 29 min 53 min 60+ min. Project Dandelion
  18. 18. Methane? Methanogens produce methane in anaerobic conditions. Methanotrophs eat methane in breathing soils. Wastewater Lagoons Bury 3 feet deep Concrete Floor Dung Beetles Where Cow patties?
  19. 19. Jim Laurie jimlaurie7@gmail.com To find my more complete NOFA Presentation on YouTube: “Building Deep Rich Soils in New England”

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