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Changing patterns in interactive learning design

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Current trends in distance education point to changing patterns in business models and in learning design, these being clearly interconnected, and the solutions reside in both high level and low level decisions. The higher level decisions are related to personalised learning, practical subjects, shorter programme cycles, partnerships for face-to-face sessions and technologies for seamless learning. The lower level decisions imply the design of learning environments and the implementation of learner support strategies. So, this talk will explore the processes and suitable technologies for learning design, including the design and application of digital media in teaching and learning, and a critical analysis of the benefits of technologies in education.

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Changing patterns in interactive learning design

  1. 1. Changing Patterns in Interactive Learning Design José Bidarra Department of Science and Technology Universidade Aberta, Portugal EMPOWER Webinar Week EADTU | 20 November 2018
  2. 2. The World has changed… José Bidarra, 2018
  3. 3. • 8 AM • 12 AM • 2 PM • 4 PM • 7 PM “ICTs are not mere tools but rather environmental forces that are increasingly affecting us. For instance blurring the distinction between reality and virtuality, and between human, machine and nature” (L. Floridi)
  4. 4. Problem to address • How can educational institutions respond to the emergence of a new student profile? – always connected, – on the move, – in constant interaction, – accessing vast information, – making fast decisions, – integrating different media.
  5. 5. Current situation • Given the level of uncertainty in our world, we have to distinguish the fads from the more substantial developments; • Many have been proclaiming that online learning will render lectures obsolete, that physical colleges will be replaced by online universities, and that MOOCs will be the new norm. However, this is not what seems to be happening…
  6. 6. An intelligent mix • This is the hypothesis: the future lies in an intelligent mix of face-to-face and online learning, what is called blended or hybrid learning. • The solution may be: moving away from didactic lecturing in classrooms towards integrated digital learning environments. (Tony Bates, November 12, 2018)
  7. 7. Strategic decisions • Content (what people need) • Tech (how to reach the users) • Data (know and learn from users) • Social (get in touch and stay in touch) • Support (connect deeply and authentically)
  8. 8. High level decisions • Personalised learning • Practical subjects • Shorter programme cycles • Partnerships for face-to-face • Technologies for seamless learning
  9. 9. Anytime, Anywhere Information Transfer DecentralizedCentralized Skills Transfer EmpoweredControlled Knowledge Creation Exchange Seamless Work & Learning Open up time and place for learning Data and analysis where and when you need it (adapted from Mauro Figueiredo) José Bidarra, 2018
  10. 10. Low level decisions • Design of learning environments • Instructional materials • Communication media • Tools and procedures • Learner support
  11. 11. Personal Learning Steve Wheeler & Manish Malik (2010) José Bidarra, 2018
  12. 12. Learning design principles • Simple design (intuitive, harmonious) • Focused utility (targeted, essential, extraordinary) • Collaborative and social (useful, respectful) • Intersection of function and emotion (storytelling, games, gamification) • Crafted execution (robust, refined, beautiful)
  13. 13. Persuasive design ideas • Make it visual • Make it move • Make it obvious • Encourage interaction • Anytime & anywhere
  14. 14. A case study: MILAGE MILAGE - MathematIcs bLended Augmented GamE Project reference: 2015-1-PT01-KA201-01292 José Bidarra, 2018
  15. 15. • Create an App & Web platform; • Use gamification techniques to engage students; • Implement game mechanics involving students and teachers; • Use three different levels of problem complexity: beginners, intermediate and advanced; • For each problem there are two levels of exercise resolution: detailed and concise (videos). MILAGE - Goals José Bidarra, 2018
  16. 16. More than 12 000 users in 2018 José Bidarra, 2018
  17. 17. Hands on José Bidarra, 2018
  18. 18. Hands on José Bidarra, 2018
  19. 19. MILAGE - Results • Higher motivation to learn math; • Sharp increase in autonomous study; • Inclusion of low and high achievers; • Self-assessment and peer-assessment; • Collaboration and resource sharing. José Bidarra, 2018
  20. 20. Learning technology • Mobile internet: – Mobile video viewers worldwide - 1.9 Billion users (eMarketer, 2018) – Social media users worldwide (Nielsen, Q1, 2018): • Facebook - 2.2 Billion users • YouTube - 1.9 Billion users • Instagram - 1 Billion users • Internet users - 4.2 Billion users • Emergence of VR / AR / MR
  21. 21. Augmented Reality (AR) José Bidarra, 2018
  22. 22. Music Teaching (AR) José Bidarra, 2018
  23. 23. Microsoft Hololens (MR) José Bidarra, 2018
  24. 24. Virtual Reality (VR) José Bidarra, 2018
  25. 25. Content Gamification "the use of game design elements in non-game contexts" (Deterding et al., 2011) • Points: points are fantastic motivators and can be used to reward users/students across multiple levels or dimensions of a gamified activity • Levels: these are often defined as point thresholds, so the students (or users) can use them to indicate a higher status and have access to bonus content. • Challenges, badges, achievements, and trophies: the introduction of goals in an activity makes students (users) feel like they are working toward a goal. • Leader boards: in the context of gamification, high-score tables are used to track and display desired actions, using completion to drive valued behavior. José Bidarra, 2018
  26. 26. Digital Storytelling • Storytelling is based on a set of four elements that are still valid in the digital age, namely: • A narrator • A plot • A setting • Characters • There is usually a conflict of some kind. Some common types of conflict may include: • Conflict between one person and another or between groups; • Conflict between a person and the natural environment; • Conflict between an individual and the society.
  27. 27. Facebook Timeline José Bidarra, 2018
  28. 28. Transmedia Storytelling José Bidarra, 2018
  29. 29. Conclusion • In the near future, students will have to make a difference against algorithms, robots and AI agents in the workplace; • These students will have to deal with more uncertainty, complexity and obsolescence in their professional careers; • So, we have to teach students to be more effective, creative, and innovative in solving emerging problems. José Bidarra, 2018