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  1. 1. Copyright © Betsy Kane  LIS 5260 July 14, 2011 Copyrighted materials are used in this presentation under fair use guidelines
  2. 2. Definition of Copyright <ul><li>A &quot;copyright&quot; is actually a &quot;bundle of rights&quot; that the creator of a work is entitled to control if the work is &quot;an original work of authorship fixed in a tangible medium of expression.&quot; This means that in order to be entitled to copyright protection, the work has to be something you created (and didn't copy from another work) and set down in some physical form, like in writing, on videotape, in a sound recording, in a computer program or on a computer screen. The &quot;bundle of rights&quot; that are included in copyright are the right to: (1) distribute the work, (2) reproduce (or make copies of) the work, (3) display the work (for example, a painting that you want to allow a museum to publicly display), (4) perform the work, and (5) create  Derivative Works  based upon the original work. (Copyright Kids!) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Copyright Law  <ul><li>To make copies of the copyrighted material; </li></ul><ul><li>To create derivative works based upon the copyrighted material; </li></ul><ul><li>To distribute copies of the copyrighted material to the public by sale or other transfer of ownership; </li></ul><ul><li>To perform the work publicly, in the case of literary, musical, or dramatic works; and </li></ul><ul><li>To display the work publicly, in the case of literary, musical, dramatic, and choreographic works, pantomimes, and pictorial, graphic, or sculptural works, including the individual images of a motion picture or other audiovisual work. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Copyright Law   Continued <ul><li>Examples of materials that can be copyrighted:  </li></ul><ul><li>Literary works; </li></ul><ul><li>Musical works, including any accompanying words; </li></ul><ul><li>Dramatic works, including any accompanying music; </li></ul><ul><li>Pantomimes and choreographic works; </li></ul><ul><li>Pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works; </li></ul><ul><li>Motion pictures and other audiovisual works; </li></ul><ul><li>Sound recordings; and </li></ul><ul><li>Architectural works. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ten Myths About Copyright http:// www.templetons.com/brad/copymyths.html <ul><li>1. &quot;If it doesn't have a copyright notice, it's not copyrighted.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>2. &quot;If I don't charge for it, it's not a violation.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>3. &quot;If it's posted to Usenet it's in the public domain.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>4.  &quot;My posting was just fair use!&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>5. &quot;If you don't defend your copyright you lose it.&quot; -- &quot;Somebody has that name copyrighted!“ </li></ul><ul><li>6. &quot;If I make up my own stories, but base them on another work, my new work belongs to me.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>7. &quot;They can't get me, defendants in court have powerful rights!&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>8. &quot;Oh, so copyright violation isn't a crime or anything?“ </li></ul><ul><li>9. &quot;It doesn't hurt anybody -- in fact it's free advertising.“ </li></ul><ul><li>10. &quot;They e-mailed me a copy, so I can post it.&quot; </li></ul>
  6. 6. Fair Use <ul><li>Examples of Fair Use: </li></ul><ul><li>commentary </li></ul><ul><li>criticism </li></ul><ul><li>news reporting ***As educators we have more fair use rights that any other individual . </li></ul><ul><li>research </li></ul><ul><li>teaching </li></ul><ul><li>library archiving </li></ul><ul><li>scholarship </li></ul>
  7. 7. Fair Use Conditions <ul><li>1.  Materials have to be used for non profit educational instruction (public classrooms) or homebound students. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Materials have to be used in face to face instruction with teacher or students.  </li></ul><ul><li>3.  Materials must support curricular objectives.  Document what you have used in lesson plans. </li></ul><ul><li>4.   MATERIALS MUST BE LEGALLY OBTAINED- materials have to be taken from a legal site that gives you permission to use it! </li></ul>
  8. 8. Fair Use Conditions Continued <ul><li>Fair Use does not count in PTA meetings and after school programs.   </li></ul><ul><li>You can rent a video from the video and share it in your classroom as long as you are following the fair use guidelines.  </li></ul><ul><li>TV programs can only be used for 10 days.   </li></ul>
  9. 9. Copyright Friendly Materials <ul><li>Images  </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.picdrome.com/   </li></ul><ul><li>http://weblist.me/Copyright-friendly-image-search  </li></ul><ul><li>       This is a website with a list of websites with copyright friendly images. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/creativecommons/ </li></ul><ul><li>Music and videos </li></ul><ul><li>http://owlmm.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://spinxpress.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://blip.tv/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://mashable.com/2009/08/04/free-blog-media/ </li></ul>
  10. 10. Creative Commons <ul><li>&quot;Creative Commons is a nonprofit organization that enables the sharing and use of creativity and knowledge through free legal tools.&quot; (Creative Commons)  </li></ul><ul><li>This is a free and easy to use website that provides a way for people to share and use pictures, music, videos and more.  </li></ul><ul><li>  Creative Commons is a worldwide network of 100+ affiliates.  </li></ul><ul><li>  http:// creativecommons.org / </li></ul>
  11. 11. Public Domain <ul><li>Works that are either ineligible for copyright protection or with expired copyrights. No permission whatsoever is needed to copy or use public domain works.  </li></ul><ul><li>Material that are generally not eligible for federal copyright protection include:  </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas and facts </li></ul><ul><li>Works with expired copyrights </li></ul><ul><li>Works governed by early copyright statutes that failed to meet the requirements for copyright protection, i.e., notice, registration, and renewal requirements (see the Rules of thumb, below, for details) </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. government works (projects written by non-government authors with federal funding may be copyright protected </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific principles, theorems, mathematical formulae, laws of nature </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific and other research methodologies, statistical techniques and educational processes </li></ul><ul><li>Laws, regulations </li></ul>
  12. 12. When do Materials go into the Public Domain? <ul><li>Must have been created before 1923 </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright lasts as long as the author is alive.  The heirs can retain the copyright for 70 years.   </li></ul><ul><li>Work for hire materials, such as text books or novels, can retain copyright for 95 years.   </li></ul><ul><li>Not a lot of material goes into public domain.  Things that you have seen recently will not be going into public domain.   </li></ul>
  13. 13. Attribution <ul><li>Is the requirement to acknowledge or credit the author of a work which is used or appears in another work. Attribution is required by most copyright and copyleft licenses.    </li></ul><ul><li>Simply crediting the originator of your material doesn't protect you against being sued for violating copyright. It can be a factor that shows that you thought you were acting honestly and in good faith, and it can also help to convince the person you're taking from that your use is not a problem. </li></ul><ul><li>Even beyond issues of copyright, it's also good manners (and good self-defense) to attribute information to its proper source. You would want others to properly attribute information you report back to you? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Rules for Multimedia Materials for Teachers and Students  <ul><li>On the first screen of presentations you have to include &quot;copyrighted materials are used in this presentation (under permission or fair use guidelines)&quot;.   </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures have to have the copyright symbol included on the picture.   </li></ul><ul><li>Citation can be directly under the picture or at the end of the presentation.   </li></ul><ul><li>You can not post your presentation to the internet, it's considered publication.   </li></ul>
  15. 15. Copyright in the classroom     <ul><li>Now that the internet is used for research, it is now even easier to plagiarize.  Teachers need to teach students how much information they can use from a website and how to cite the website, book, or other materials that they are using.   </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.alpine.k12.ut.us/depts/media/elemlessons_rev/m8-legal_issues/lesson6plagiarism.html contains a great lesson plan for middle school students.   </li></ul><ul><li>  Copyright Awareness Week-teachers from all subject areas should teach students basic concepts about copyright. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Power Point Presentations <ul><li>This PDF document explains exactly: </li></ul><ul><li>How many photos you can use from one photographer </li></ul><ul><li>How much music you can download </li></ul><ul><li>How much text and video you can use </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.carolsimpson.com/copyright/How%20much%20material%20can%20I%20use%20in%20my%20PowerPoint%20presentation.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Visit this PDF before creating a Power Point Presentation for a review.   </li></ul>
  17. 17. Adaptions for Students with Needs <ul><li>You may photocopy and enlarge books for students that are visually impaired.   </li></ul><ul><li>If a students is qualified with a disability you can audio record a book.   </li></ul><ul><li>You can not record books for students that do not have a disability.   </li></ul>
  18. 18. Educate Our Students... <ul><li>Copyright: It is the law! </li></ul>
  19. 19. Work Cited <ul><li>&quot;Copyright Kids!&quot; Welcome To The FACE Kids Site. The Copyright Society of the U.S.A., 2007. Web. 09 July 2011. <http://www.copyrightkids.org/>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Copyright for Teachers and School Librarians.&quot; Library of Congress. June 2007. Web. 10 July 2011. <http://users.mhc.edu/facultystaff/awalter/Brim%20site/index.html> </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Copyright_law.&quot; Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education. 27 Jan. 2011. Web. 09 July 2011. <http://www.dese.mo.gov/schoollaw/freqaskques/copyright_law.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Copyright Law: Chapter 1.&quot; U.S. Copyright Office. The Library of Congress, 28 June 2011. Web. 09 July 2011. <http://www.copyright.gov/title17/92chap1.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons. Web. 09 July 2011. <http://creativecommons.org/>. </li></ul><ul><li>Simpson, Carol. &quot;How much material may I use in my PowerPoint® presentation?&quot; 2007. http://www.carolsimpson.com/copyright/How%20much%20material%20can%20I%20use%20in%20my%20PowerPoint%20presentation.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Templeton, Brad. &quot;10 Big Myths about Copyright Explained.&quot; Brad Templeton's Home Page. Web. 12 July 2011. <http://www.templetons.com/brad/copymyths.html>. </li></ul>