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The National Flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan is a piece of right-angled cloth of a sky-blue color with a picture of a golden sun with 32 rays in the center, sitting above a soaring steppe eagle. The flagstaff has a vertical line of national ornamentation. The picture of the sun, its rays, eagle and ornament are gold in color. The width/length ratio of the flag is 1:2.
The National Emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan is an image of shanyrak, the upper dome-like portion of a yurt, against a sky blue background which irradiates (in the form of sun rays) uyks (supports) set off by wings of mythical horses. The circle shape of the Emblem is a symbol of life and eternity. The shanyrak symbolizes the well-being of family, peace and calm. The coat of arms of the Republic of Kazakhstan was adopted on June 4, 1992. The authors of the emblem are Zhandarbek Melibekov and Shota Ualikhanov. About 245 projects and 67 description designs of the future arms took part in the final competition.
President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Since April, 1990 the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan has been Nazarbayev, Nursultan Abishevich.
Kazakhstan's population includes many ethnic groups, each with their own language and culture, brought together through a shared history.
The largest ethnic groups are Kazakhs and Russians. The main religions are Islam and Christianity. Population is over 15 million: Kazakh 45%, Russian 35%, others (over 100 nationalities) 20%.
Kazakhstan lies in the center of the European and Asian continents, and is approximately equal distance from the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
More than a quarter of the land consists of a portion of the gentle steppes that stretch from central Europe to Siberia.
The rest of the republic reflects the beauty of forests, mountains, rivers, lakes and reservoirs.
The natural landscape is enhanced by thousands of plant and animal varieties found from the northern forest steppes to the high southern mountains.
Flora and Fauna: Thousand rare species of plants and animals, including the turanga and black ash trees, brown bear, pink flamingo, snow leopard, and steppe antelope (Saigak).
Many of these animals and plants are native to Kazakhstan. Thus far, 155 mammals, 480 bird species, some 150 different fish and more than 250 medicinal plants have been counted.
Taraz city is more then 2000 years old. Since ancient time this city was known as “merchant town”. It is situated in South Kazakhstan, on the trade roads, leading to the South-East countries. The peak of the city’s development falls on 10-12 centuries, when it was the capital of Karakanid state.
<ul><li>Shymkent is the capital city of South Kazakhstan Province, the most populated region in Kazakhstan (population: 1 mln. ) </li></ul>
Economy <ul><li>Formerly dominated by lead mining, industrial growth began in the 1930s and the city has industries producing refined lead and zinc, processed karakul pelts, textiles, foodstuffs, and pharmaceuticals. Also, the city has a medium size refinery. The Shymkent Refinery is owned and operated by PetroKazakhstan. </li></ul>